5th grade earth and space science

Question Answer
The four innermost planets in the Solar System Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars)
often called "Gas Giants. Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune
medium sized star; located near edge of our galaxy; many thousands of times closer to Earth than any other star; provides energy that creates convection currents in atmosphere and ocean Sun
nearly round objects that revolve around a star; in our solar system Planets
small object made of ice with some gas, dust, and rock; a "tail" can appear as the comet revolves around the sun and is heated Comet
a large, irregularly shaped object in space that orbits our Sun. Mostly made of rock asteroid
small body moving in the solar system Meteoroids
if it entered the earth's atmosphere meteor
a meteor that survives its passage through the earth's atmosphere such that part of it strikes the ground it is called a meteorite
compact solid bodies with rocky surfaces Inner Planets
comprised mostly of an outer layer of molecular hydrogen and helium and a much thicker layer of metallic hydrogen. However, each may have a small solid core as large as three to 20 Earth masses at their center Outer Planets
the closest planet to the Sun, very cold on one side and very hot on the other, smallest planet, and no moons. Mercury
the 2nd planet from Sun, covered with volcanoes, no moon, hottest planet, and rotates very slowly and backwards. Venus
the 3rd planet from Sun. Has one moon, orbits the sun in 365 days and one rotation in 24 hours, and life exists on this planet Earth
the 4th planet from Sun. Called Red planet because red color caused by iron in the crust that has rusted, has polar ice caps and 1/2 the size of Earth. Mars
the 5th planet from Sun. Has the most moons, largest planet, gas giant and has a large red spot. Jupiter
the 6th planet from Sun. Spectacular rings made mostly of ice and frosted rock and gas giant made mostly of hydrogen gas Saturn
7th planet from the Sun. It has the third-largest planetary radius and fourth-largest planetary mass in the Solar System Uranus
the 8th planet from Sun. Another gas giant and blue color due to Methane gas, has the highest winds in solar system, and rotates counterclockwise. Neptune
Since 2006, no longer termed planet, but now called "Dwarf Planet" Pluto
Huge group of single stars, star systems, star clusters, dust, & gas bound together by gravity Galaxy
an object that revolves around a planet Moon

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