5th grade water cycle, weather and Climate

Question Answer
Hydrosphere all the waters on the earth's surface, such as lakes and seas, and sometimes including water over the earth's surface, such as clouds
Evaporation is the process of a substance in a liquid state changing to a gaseous state due to an increase in temperature and/or pressure.
Transpiration is the process where plants absorb water through the roots and then give off water vapor through pores in their leaves
Condensation the conversion (changing) of a vapor or gas to a liquid.
Precipitation rain, snow, sleet, or hail that falls to the ground
The Desert Environment. An area having an annual rainfall of 10 in. (25 cm) or less
dry air arid
A swamp is a wetland that is forested
Mountains a large natural elevation of the earth's surface rising abruptly from the surrounding level.
The higher the elevation the colder the temperature
Tropical Zone the part of the Earth's surface between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn; characterized by a hot climate
Temperate Zone lying between the tropic of Cancer and Arctic Circle in the Northern Hemisphere and the tropic of Capricorn and Antarctic Circle in the Southern Hemisphere, climate is warm in the summer, cold in the winter, and moderate in the spring and fall
Polar Zone above the arctic circle and below the antarctic circle with extremely cold winters and cool summers
Mediterranean climate a climate having sunny, hot, dry summers and rainy winters. affected by ocean currents
Most water that evaporates creating water vapor in the air and causing weather comes from The Ocean
Barometric Pressure Another name for atmospheric pressure and helps scientist predict the weather. If it goes up then weather should be calm and nice if it falls then storms are going to form
Humidity How much water vapor is in the air
Elevation, Latitude and how close land is to water can all cause different climates
climate weather of an area over a long period of time
weather air temperature, barometric pressure, humidity, wind speed and direction, and precipitation at a specific place at a specific time

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