6th grade Physics Review

Term Definition
Work A force applied to an object that is moved in the direction of of the applied force
Inertia A property of matter; it tends to resist changing its motion
Fulcrum The pivot point in a lever
Motion A measurable change in position
Speed The rate of motion
Friction A force that opposes motion
Subtraction Math equation when force arrows are pointed in opposite directions
Wheel and Axle Two connected wheels in which the larger wheel is used to turn the smaller wheel
Kinetic The energy of motion
Mechanical Advantage The reduced force required when using a machine
Pulley A rope belt or chain wrapped around a grooved wheel
Vector A line or direction of force
Force A push or pull
Wedge A double inclined plane
Energy The ability to do work
Distance Work = Force x ________
Equilibrium Balanced forces
Net Force The sum of all forces acting on an object
Potential Energy Energy stored by its elevation or shape
Mass Force = _______ x Acceleration
Velocity Speed in a given direction
Transformed Energy is not created or destroyed just __________
Inclined Plane Scientific name for a ramp
Acceleration A change in either speed or direction caused by unbalanced forces
Mechanical Energy The sum total of potential and Kinetic energy

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