7th Cells & Levels of Organization

Term Definition
Rudolf Virchow Scientist that first claimed that cells come from preexisting cells
Robert Hooke First Scientist to use the term "Cells" to describe what he was seeing under the microscope
Theodor Schwann A scientist who studied animal cells and concluded that all animals were made of cells
Microscope Scientific instrument that allows us to see cells
Ribosome Cell organelle where protein synthesis takes place
Nucleus The Eukaryotic organelle that contains genetic material
Cytoplasm The Jelly-like substance that holds all cell organelles
Membrane Another name for the Phospholipid Bilayer
Autotrophic The type of organisms that make their own food
Chloroplast An autotrophic organism's cell organelle that allows it to make its own food
Cell Wall A structural cell part made of cellulose and not part of aninmal cells
Mitochondria The powerhouse organelle where cellular respiration takes place
Fine The adjustment knob on a microscope for making small adjustments
Prokaryotic A type of cell that does not have a nucleus
Bacteria A single celled organism that does not have a nucleus
Unicellular Another name for a single celled organism
Tissue A group of cells working together
Organ A group of tissues working together
Organ system One or more organs that work together to perform a function
Cells The simplest building blocks of living things
Complementary Body systems that often work together
Red Blood Cell Special type of cell that carries oxygen through the Circulatory system
Cilia Paramecium cell part that is used to help it move
Vacuole Fluid filled cell organelle used for storage
Plants Organisms with large vacuoles
Compound Microscope A type of microscope with 2 or more lens combined
Flagellum A whip-like tail that allow euglena to move

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