|The study of how living things relate to their environments.
|Non-living parts of an environment
|Examples are temperature, water, light, soil, Ph, pollutants, oxygen
|Living or previously living parts of an environment.
|Examples are predation, availability of prey, parasites, available mates, competition, diseases, feces
|A community of organisms and their abiotic environment
|All the population of different species that live and interact in an area.
|A group of individuals of the same species that live together in the same area at the same time.
|A single living thing
|A living thing (plant or algae) that can make its own food
|These organisms must EAT producers or other organisms for energy. They do NOT photosynthesize.
|These organisms eat only plants
|These organisms eat only other animals
|These organisms eat either plants or other animals
|These organisms break down dead things and return the nutrients to the soil – i.e. fungi or bacteria
|These animals eat dead or dying animals. They do NOT return the nutrients to the soil. i.e. vultures
|This can determine the type and number of organisms an environment can support. It limits a population's size.
|The process where plants (and some algae) produce their own food
|An animal that hunts and eats other animals
|An animal that is eaten by the predator
|A single pathway that energy and nutrients may follow in an ecosystem; arrows point the direction energy flows.
|A complex of interrelated food chains
|Any inherited trait that increases an organism's chance of survival
|Large regions with a specific climate and specific types of plants and animals.
|The set of orderly and predictable changes an ecosystem goes through as it develops or regrows.
|The type of succession where an ecosystem WAS NOT present before. Ex: no soil…bare rock
|A typical plant which is the first species seen in primary succession
|The type of succession where an ecosystem WAS present before. ex: soil is present
|The first species of organisms to grow in an area undergoing ecological succession.
|Typical plants which are the first species seen in secondary succession
|FAST GROWING WEEDY PLANTS
|Coldest biome, little precip, ice, snow, permafrost, no trees, reindeer, polar bears
|Biome with conifer forests, fir, pines, few small plants, poor soil, moose, wolf lynx. Hibernators
|TAIGA/CONIFEROUS FORESTS/BOREAL FOREST
|Biome with trees that drop their leaves in the autumn. Fertile soil, 4 distinct seasons. Warm/cold blooded animals. Deer, squirrel, raccoon, oak and apple trees. Broad leaf trees
|Biome with light rain, fertile, but dry soil. No forests! Small grasses, plants, wheat rye, corn, zebra, bison, cheetah, elephant depending on the latitude.
|GRASSLAND – SAVANNAH- PRAIRIE
|Driest biome. Less than 10 inches rain a year. Rocky, sandy, cacti, scorpion
|Wettest biome with over 400 inches rain a year. Most biodiverse, 81 degrees all day/all year. Banana trees, palms, monkeys, python, kmodo dragons
|TROPICAL RAIN FOREST