8th grade Science Chapter 9 WORD LIST 4

Question Answer
aquifer layer of permeable rock that allows water to flow through
beach deposit of sediment whose materials vary n size, color, and composition and its most commonly found on a smooth, gentle sloped shoreline
cave underground opening that can form when acidic groundwater dissolves limestone
channel groove created by water moving down the same path
drainage basin land area from which a river or stream collects runoff
geyser hot spring that erupts periodically and shoots water and steam into
groundwater water that soaks into the ground and collects in pores and empty spaces and is an important source of drinking water
impermeable describes material that water cannot pass through
longs hore current current that runs parallel to the shoreline, is caused by waves colliding with the shore at slight angles and moves tons of loose sediment
meander broad, C shaped curve in a river or stream, formed by erosion of its out bank
permeable describes soil and rock with connecting pores through which water can flow
runoff any rainwater that does not soak into the ground or evaporate but flows over Earth's surface generally flows into streams and has ability to erode and carry sediments
sheet erosion a type of surface water erosion caused y runoff that occurs when water flowing as sheets picks up sediments and carries them away
spring forms when water table meets Earths surface; often found on hillsides and used as freshwater source
Water table upper surface of the zone of saturation; drops during a drought

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