9 Parts of Speech 1) Verb-is a word that conveys action a) Action verbs – Sheryl throws the ball. b) Being/Linking – Sheryl is an intelligent woman. Max seemed very nervous. Hot chocolate taste good. c) Helping verb- Margaret did say that we’d leave at 9:30 be, have, do, may, must, can, could, would, should 2) Pronoun-is a pro form that substitutes for a noun a) I-am, we-are, you(s)-are, you (p)-are, he/she/it-is, they- are b) Antecedent- the word that the pronoun refers to
The carpenter needs his tools. Pronouns/antecedent must agree in 3 ways a) person- If a person wants to succeed in life you have to know all the rules of the game b) number- If a person wants to succeed in life you have to know all the rules of the game c) Gender – If a person wants to succeed in life he/she have to know all the rules of the game 3) Noun- describes a person, place, or thing a) Proper noun- a name/ anything that has a name ) Common noun- anything that doesn’t have a name c) Count noun- anything that can be counted with an s or made plural d) Collective noun- team, group, gang, family any group of people 4) Adjective- Describes nouns or pronoun a) The huge dog ate my homework Good, better, best – large, larger, largest 5) Adverb- Describes verbs (+adj +adv) most end in ly a) He went fast. He went quickly. I watched the cars zip around the track.
No adverb in this sentence 6) Preposition- a word that connects a noun, pronoun, or verb with some info about it. a) For, to, in, by, around, from, over, out of across, beside 7) Conjunction- connect sentences or sentences parts a) Coordinating – For And Nor But Or Yet So b) Subordinating – after, although, as, because c) Correlative- not only/ but also both/ and neither 8) Interjection- words used to express an emotion a) wow, cool 9) Article- Indicates a noun or pronoun a) definite- the b) indefinite – a, am