A History Of American Animated Cartoons Animation Essay

Rotoscoping was invented by Max Fleischer in the twelvemonth 1915 with the aid of his brother Dave Fleischer. The first character created utilizing the rotoscoping technique was KOKO the buffoon in 1917, with unrecorded mention being taken from his brother who dressed in clown suit. After his success in rotoscoping they started a company called Fleischer Studios.

Fleischer Studios

Initially, Fleischer started by bring forthing his movies for The Bray Studios and subsequently in 1921, Max and his brother Dave established Fleischer Studios to bring forth alive sketchs and short movies ; Max was the manufacturer in the beginning. Koko and Fitz are their outcome series from Fleischer Studios. Later it was Fleischer studios who invented even the resiling ball technique. They used this technique for their alive series “ KoKo Song Car-Tune ” , in which a ball bounces from word to word to sing along the series. Fleisher made a 40-minute educational characteristic movie for explicating Charles Darwin ‘s Theory of Evolution and Albert Einstein ‘s Theory of Relativity in the twelvemonth 1923 utilizing unrecorded action life and particular effects.

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Fleischer Film Studioslocated at 1600 Broadway overlooking Times Square in New York City.

In his several sketchs, he had soundtracks having unrecorded or rotoscoped image of the taking wind performing artists of the clip, most notably Cab Calloway, Louis Armstrong and Don Redman. After that, they used rotoscope in many of their ulterior sketchs like Betty Boop in 1930 – they did Cab Calloway dance utilizing this technique. In Gulliver travel, 1939, they did Gulliver ‘s character utilizing rotoscope technique, and in Superman sketch, they animated Superman and the other characters in realistic motion.

Betty boops

Betty Boop made her first visual aspect on August 9, 1930 in the sketch Dizzy Dishes, the 6th episode of Fleischer ‘s Talkartoon series. The character was modelled after a combination of the celebrated vocalist, Helen Kane and popular actress, Clara Bow of 1920. Clara became hallmark of Betty because of her strong Brooklyn speech pattern. Betty Boop became the star of the Talkartoon by 1932, and was given her ain series in that same twelvemonth get downing with Stoping the Show. Betty appeared in the first coloring material authoritative sketch in Poor Cinderella ‘Betty merely theatrical coloring materials visual aspect ‘ in 1934.

Betty Boops was created by Fleischer studios and distributed by paramount star.

Betty Boop as sex symbol

Betty Boop is the first and most celebrated sex symbol on the alive screen. Betty ‘s popularity was mostly from grownup audiences. It contains many sexual elements in the series like Talkartoon, Minnie and Moocher, Cab Calloway and his orchestra. The Talkartoon was replaced by the Betty boop series, which continued for 7 old ages. Betty Boop is the 1 of the of import characters in the history of life for being the first sketch character to stand for to the full as sexualized adult female.

Betty boop wore short frocks demoing cleavage, high heels and greater belt, with a certain girlish quality. In Betty Boop ‘s Bamboo Isle, she dressed Hawaiian dancing topless, have oning merely a wreath and a grass skirt, which she repeated in her cameo visual aspect in the first Popeye sketch, Popeye the Sailor ( 1933 ) . Her “ Bamboo Isle ” public presentation was besides included in the short Betty Boop ‘s Rise to Fame, having a staged interview with Max Fleischer.

Walt Disney used the rotoscoping technique for their film Snow White and the Seven Dwarf in 1937. After success of Snow White, the Disney used rotoscoping technique in many of their films like Cinderella in 1950, in which they used the human character to inspire Cinderella. Later on, they used this technique chiefly to analyze human gesture, carnal gesture, etc.

Digital Rotoscoping

The digital rotoscoping technique was invented by smoking auto productions in the twelvemonth 1994 for the creative activity of ‘The last express ‘ escapades video game.

The interpolated rotoscoping was invented by Bob Sabiston in the mid 1990 ‘s. He was an energizer and a computing machine scientist at MIT media lab. Later manager Richard Linklater used that technique to bring forth his characteristic movie, Walking Life in 2001 and a scanner Darkley in 2006. He is the first manager to utilize digital rotoscoping to make an full characteristic movie.

When they foremost introduce the rotoscoping technique, a batch of energizers opposed because they believed that the procedure stiffened the life. A few believed that it could alter the proportion of the life, by giving a unrecorded action for the histrions in it, to do the characters realistic and overdone.


  1. Fleischer, Richard ( 2005 ) : Out of the Inkwell: Max Fleischer and the Animation Revolution, University Press of Kentucky, ISBN 0-8131-2355-0
  2. Maltin, Leonard ( 1987 ) : Of Mice and Magic: A History of American Animated Cartoons. Penguin Books.
  3. hypertext transfer protocol: //bettyboopspenthouse.com/home.html

Image mention

  1. In 1914, Max Fleischerinvented therotoscope hypertext transfer protocol: //www.animationarchive.org/labels/upa.html
  2. Popeye and Max Fleischer, life mastermind. hypertext transfer protocol: //4.bp.blogspot.com/_WriF8m2mVt0/R2tkqfSdVCI/AAAAAAAAA3A/K-wR_IFvF-U/s1600-h/popeye.jpg
  3. Fleischer Film Studios located at 1600 Broadway overlooking Times Square in New York City. hypertext transfer protocol: //bettyboopspenthouse.com/images/bettys_studio.jpg
  4. hypertext transfer protocol: //www.toondoctor.com/rotoscope01.htm

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