I was born in 1955 and am British of Anglo-Irish parents. I was educated at private, public and province schools. I left school with the purpose of larning to go a Farm Manager and spent two old ages on an initiation plan to Hadlow College of Farming in Kent. I did non complete my class because my household moved to Cornwall to open a concern and asked me to fall in them.
My parents and I successfully ran a big store in Newlyn, close Penzance that specialised in selling clayware and trades from every thrower in Cornwall. I gained a great trade of experience in the general running of a little to medium retail endeavor which I still find of usage to this twenty-four hours. Unfortunately, due to household jobs, the concern closed down and I found myself looking for new work.
I was offered a impermanent occupation by a friend of mine who ran a edifice undertaking company. This ‘temporary ‘ work lasted five old ages, in which clip I enrolled in a City & A ; Guilds class and qualified as an lineman.
I so worked for a local electrical contractor and progressed to the place of chief. The state of affairs in Cornwall was going progressively more hard as work was going harder to happen. I decided to travel to Reading to look for work as there were good chances for employment in the country and I already had a brother and a group of friends populating at that place.
I found a occupation as a Control & A ; Automation applied scientist for a company specializing in the H2O public-service corporations industry.
This was a demanding occupation and required a great trade of larning new proficient accomplishments, particularly in computerised systems. In the last 16 old ages the company has grown to over 60 employees and I have progressed to Information Systems Manager. I gained an HNC in Computing and late a BSc ( Hons ) grade, 1st category, in Computing and Information Systems at Thames Valley University. Since so I have enrolled in the TVU MBA programme.
Contemplations on Experience
My first work experience after school was working on a seven hundred acre farm in Kent as portion of my needed experience for inscribing on a farm direction class at Hadlow College. This in consequence meant working two old ages on a busy modern farm acquisition as many facets of farming as possible. It was improbably difficult work with long hours frequently outside in all sorts of conditions. Although I ne’er followed up with the class itself I took with me many property that would keep me in good position in the hereafter, even if I did non gain this at the clip.
These properties included a work moral principle of acquiring the occupation done no affair what and sense of duty and responsibility. Looking after expensive machinery and harvests was in itself a dashing duty for a 17 twelvemonth old but most of all rise uping calves and lambs from birth and being involved, rather literally, in their whole life rhythm gives a peculiar position on life in general. I believe that being given such duties at an early phase in my working life did instil in me a ‘can bash ‘ attitude and a willingness to accept challenges and push myself to accomplish a peculiar end.
My experience working in my parent ‘s concern allowed me a little more creativeness which I found gratifying. While it was non peculiarly difficult work physically, surely nil like I had been used to, it was however varied and interesting. I enjoyed run intoing all our providers ( an interesting group of people, to state the least ) and besides enjoyed the interaction with our clients. While I did take on certain duties I would non state there was any existent component of leading as much of what I did was modus operandi or general direction work with my parents taking the chief leading functions. I did larn the importance of good book-keeping and fiscal control and that running a concern that was wholly dependent on summer trade was non without hazards and minutes of emphasis.
Working as an lineman was once more interesting and allowed me to larn new accomplishments, something I was happening an aptitude for. This clip I was able to derive a place of duty over a squad of other linemans and was involved in many facets of direction and to some extent leading. I use leading in this context ( to separate from direction ) as in holding influence in motivation and doing people to accomplishing peculiar undertakings or an terminal consequence.
“ There is a profound difference between direction and leading, and both are of import. To pull off agencies to convey approximately, to carry through, to hold charge of or duty for, to carry on. Leading is act uponing, steering in a way, class, action, sentiment. The differentiation is important ” ( Bennis and Goldsmith, 2003 ).
My most recent work has been as an Information Systems Manager. While this involves much that is of a proficient nature there is besides an component of research and development. I have been tasked with placing new engineering and package that can hold possible benefits to the company, this has resulted in several new executions of working patterns and processs for such new engineering. When presenting a new system there are several obstructions that need to be overcome. First there is the existent persuasion of board members that the investing in the new engineering is justified, that it will work and will really salvage money within a realistic clip period. Then there is the demand to carry the people who will implement the systems that it can be done and eventually converting the terminal users that it is of benefit, it will work and that they will be able to run it. While much of this requires good direction accomplishments I believe there is a certain sum of leading quality required. This goes beyond the director ‘s function as it about ever comes down to the application of influence, way, action, sentiment and to a great extent – trust.
Initial Self-Diagnostic of Leadership Skills
If I were to asses my leading accomplishments before using any direction diagnostic tools I would state that I consider myself to be a individual who leads by interaction with people, giving instructions and promoting the best out of people. I believe in making a relationship of regard, trust and cooperation, of co-opting non haling. However I have learnt that on some occasions it is necessary to enable alteration with a more aggressive stance, peculiarly when clip and money constrains are terrible. It is of import to be able to entree a state of affairs, and the people involved and choice which attack is best suited. A common error is to utilize merely one attack or a limited set of them regardless of the state of affairs ( Kotter and Schlesinger, 2008 )
While I am largely optimistic in nature I do hold a certain cynicism of the more showy manners used by some directors, peculiarly over the top exhilaration of a undertaking. I like to maintain things in position and an oculus on existent ends, with respect to both their operational effectivity and the existent concern instance.
I am rather happy to take a prima function but besides every bit prepared to take a encouraging function. I have ever worked closely with whoever I have worked with and adopted a manner of close cooperation and common regard. I have such a relationship with my current employer and this has allowed me to incite new enterprises with his support. Many of my thoughts have been championed by my employer ( the MD of the company ) even despite initial uncertainties in some instances from other managers of the company. While I am non antipathetic to utilizing this relationship to my advantage I am ever witting that it should be used with regard and grasp.
I am strongly of the belief that both in work and leisure a individual should use a consistence of good ethical behavior. I consider trueness, honestness and trust to be basiss of any relationship and that it is indispensable to use these qualities to direction and leading.
In the yesteryear I have been involved in assorted activities that have highlighted my personal strengths and failings. This have included the function of commission member and financial officer of a local auto partisans club for nine old ages which although a non-profit administration systematically raise more than ?10,000 a twelvemonth for assorted charities. I am a qualified aqualung frogman, hold a Level 2 RYA Power Boat certification, and I have run the London Marathon for charity, all of which involved considerable preparation, doggedness and committedness.
I completed my BSc ( Hons ) degree aged 54 and continued with analyzing for an MBA. I believe these indicate a solid finding to use myself to a undertaking and complete such undertakings to the best of my abilities. This besides requires a strong self-belief in my ain abilities and that acquisition is a uninterrupted procedure throughout one ‘s life.
Evaluation Using Diagnostic Tools
In 1994 I had a reappraisal, taken by Oxford Products, to look into and assist advice on my calling patterned advance. Part of this involved completed a Myers-Briggs Type Indicator ( MBTI ) appraisal, a psychometric questionnaire based on the theories of Carl Jung by Katharine Cook Briggs and her girl, Isabel Briggs Myers ( Myers & A ; Briggs Foundation, 2010 ). The consequences of this study can be seen in Appendix 3. A sum-up of this study concluded:
“ This profile is typical of many supervisors or new concern developer where the key accomplishments to success are effectual public dealingss and interpersonal accomplishments. ”
Under Assetss it noted:
“ Highly sociable, persuasive, he is extroverted and confident in his traffics with people and is a good incentive and delegator. Very energetic and difficult drive, he is speedy to react and works best under force per unit area and deadlines. He is independent and decisive, frequently demoing a finding to acquire his manner. Reasonably ambitious, he wants to win and can confront some obstructions to make so. ”
Under Restrictions it noted:
“ He needs continual interaction with others and may acquire excessively involved in their jobs. He can be headlong, excessively impatient and disfavors anything insistent. He can set excessively much force per unit area on everyone. He can be strong minded, disliking item work and being closely supervised. He will be defeated if he does non acquire acknowledgment. ”
I have to state that despite 16 old ages of experience since so and a sensed adulthood, both intellectually and emotionally, I still feel that this is an accurate contemplation of my personality.
To do farther analysis I have carried out several self diagnostic trials ( see Appendix 2 ).
Management Skills Assessment Instrument ( MSAI )
Based on Professor Robert Quinn ( University of Michigan ), to assist you measure your current managerial practise against the Competing Values Framework ( CVF ), ( Cameron & A ; Quinn, ( 1999 ).
This indicates that I may be excessively underscoring my attempts in pull offing squads and interpersonal relationships. This relates to the Facilitator and Mentor facets of the Human Relations ( Clan ) and Internal Processes ( Hierarchy ) theoretical accounts. This is rather likely as I regard these as my cardinal countries of strength and interest..
I may be somewhat under accomplishing in the countries of pull offing Continuous Improvement and Competitiveness, the Open Systems ( Ad Hocracy ) and the Rational Goal ( Market ) theoretical accounts.
Personal Learning Styles Questionnaire
This is a personality questionnaire that measures your ain single acquisition manners. The study provides suggestions on how you can outdo utilize your head and accommodate your behavior to larn more efficaciously.
A practical usage of the LSQ is in developing preparation Sessionss geared to the learning manner of the trainee to maximise their acquisition ( Walmsley. P, 1991 ).
Attendant Graph from Questionnaire:
The accent here is on a penchant for the Reflector manner with propensities towards the Theorist manner.
This tells me that I am able stand back from events and listen /observe, as to detect groups at work. It besides suggests I like to make research and bring forth carefully considered analyses and studies.
I do non wish actions that require be aftering without action and resist devising cutoffs or do superficial occupations in the name of expedience.
It would propose that the theory manner is related to my penchant for research.
As an overview I would non see these manners to be an inaccurate assessment of my acquisition manners.
Least Preferred Co-Worker ( LPC ) Measure
I scored a sum of 82 which puts me in the high LPC scope. This indicates person who is motivated to a more relationship function, which I would accept as accurate.
BELBIN Self-Perception Inventory
The consequences show in penchant:
1 SH – Maker
2 TW – Team Worker
3 CO – Co-ordinator
4 CW – Company Worker or Implementer
5 RI – Resource Investigator
6 CF – Completer Closer
7 ME – Monitor Evaluator
8 PL – Plant
I do non needfully hold with the choice of Shaper as my strongest function, I would personally hold put Team Worker foremost followed by Co-ordinator.
The assorted trials and information I have been able to roll up, compared with my ain sensed soul-searching would look to supply a consistence in their consequences.
I would see myself a Transformational Leader in the sense that I am most decidedly people focused. I believe I have the emotional intelligence to use ethical criterions to working patterns and am able to supply rational stimulation, single consideration and a certain sum of inspirational motive ( Burns, 1978 ). I do see whether there is a certain sum of the Erudite Leader within me and that I have cumulated my experiences to day of the month to non merely develop but besides to now set into pattern my leading accomplishments.
If I was to summarize my chief strengths, such as in the debut of a CV, for case I would summarize as follows:
A good squad participant but besides comfy working on ain enterprise taking a prima function as required.
An first-class communicator with high grade of literacy. English as my first linguistic communication.
Good presentation accomplishments and confident in showing myself before big or little groups. Able to work with clientcustomer representatives at any degree.
Experienced at planning, organizing and using direction accomplishments to self and team members.
Used to working to tight deadlines under force per unit area.
Strategic Management accomplishments and good cognition of Information Systems.
Academic Focus: University of Michigan. hypertext transfer protocol: //www.innovationinpractice.com/innovation_in_practice/page/2/. Accessed March 2009.
Bennis. W, Goldsmith. J, 2003. Learning to Lead: A Workbook on Becoming a Leader, 3rd Edition, pg. 9. Perseus Books / Addison Wesley.
Cameron, K. & A ; Quinn, R. ( 1999 ) Diagnosing and Changing Organisational Culture, Addison-Wesley
Kotter. P, Schlesinger. L, 2008. Choosing Schemes for Change. Harvard Business Review, Prod. # : A R0807M-PDF-ENG
Myers & A ; Briggs Foundation, 2010. hypertext transfer protocol: //www.myersbriggs.org/. Accessed March 2009.
Tianyuan, Y. and Nengquan W, 2009. A Review of Study on the Competing Values Framework. International Journal of Business Management. Vol. 4 No. 7. July 2009.
Walmsley. P, 1991. Using the Learning Style Questionnaire. Industrial and Commercial Training Journal, Vol. 23, Issue 1.
1.0 Management Skills Assessment Instrument ( MSAI )
WORKSHEET FOR SCORING ON MSAI
Pull offing Invention
Pull offing Competitiveness
Pull offing the Future
Pull offing Continuous Improvement
Pull offing Customer Services
Pull offing Coordination
Pull offing the Development of Others
Pull offing the Control System
Pull offing Interpersonal Relationships
Pull offing Socialization
Pull offing Teams
Summary of Scoring
Sean ‘s existent managerial behavior for each accomplishment country ( inquiries 1-60 )
Sean ‘s expected effectivity for each accomplishment country ( inquiries 61-73 )
Importance of each accomplishment to Sean ‘s occupation map ( inquiries 76-87 )
Pull offing Invention
Pull offing the Future
Pull offing Continuous Improvement
Pull offing Competitiveness
Pull offing Customer Service
Pull offing Socialization
Pull offing the Control System
Pull offing Coordination
Pull offing Development of Others
Pull offing Interpersonal Relationships
Pull offing Teams
“ The Competing Values Framework ( CVF ) is one of the most influential and extensively used theoretical accounts in the country of organisational civilization research ” ( Tianyuan, Y. and Nengquan. W, 2009 ).
Professor Jeff DeGraffHYPERLINK “ hypertext transfer protocol: //www.linkedin.com/pub/jeff-degraff/4/926/552 ” ‘HYPERLINK “ hypertext transfer protocol: //www.linkedin.com/pub/jeff-degraff/4/926/552 ” s Competing Values Framework ( CVF ) is the best-in-class approach.A CVF describes four organisational cultural manners of pull offing invention: Collaborate, Create, Control, and Compete.A Management squads tend to gravitate towards one dominant manner, the 1 that has served them good in the past.A To be more effectual, leaders need to be “ two-handed. “ A Leaders should go adroit at two conflicting values.A “ They must develop the ability to supervise squads that work towards opposite ends, incorporating them when the timing is right, so that each value can be developed successfully. ” ( Academic Focus: University of Michigan. )
Personal Learning Styles Questionnaire
These activities on larning manners were all adapted from:
Honey P and Mumford A, ( 1992 ) A Manual of Leaning Styles, 3rd edn. Peter Honey
Completing the questionnaire
This questionnaire is designed to happen out your preferable learning manner ( s ). Over the old ages you have likely developed larning “ wonts ” that aid you to profit more from some experiences than from others. Since you are likely incognizant of this, this questionnaire will assist you to nail your acquisition penchants so that you are in a better place to choose larning experiences that suit your manner.
There is no clip bound to this questionnaire. It will likely take you 10-15 proceedingss. The truth of the consequences depend on how honest you can be. There are no right or incorrect replies. If you agree more than you disagree with a statement, put a tick by it. If you disagree more than you agree, put a cross by it.
Be certain to tag each statement with a tick or cross.
1 I have strong beliefs about what is right and incorrect, good and bad
2 I frequently act without sing the possible effects
3 I tend to work out jobs utilizing a bit-by-bit attack
4 I believe that formal processs and policies restrict people
5 I have a repute for stating what I think, merely and straight
6 I frequently find that actions based on feelings are every bit sound as those based on careful idea and analysis
7 I like to make the kind of work where I have clip for thorough readying and execution
8 I regularly inquiry people about their basic premises
9 What affairs most is whether something plants in pattern
10 I actively seek out new experiences
11 When I hear about a new thought or attack I instantly start working out how to use it in pattern
12 I am-keen on self-discipline such as watching my diet, taking regular exercising, lodging to a fixed everyday etc.
13 I take pride in making a thorough occupation
14 I get on best with logical, analytical people and less good with self-generated, ‘irrational ‘ people
15 I take attention over the reading of informations available to me and avoid leaping to decisions
16 I like to make a determination carefully after weighing up many options
17 I ‘m attracted more to novel, unusual thoughts than to practical 1s
18 I do n’t wish disorganized things and prefer to suit things into a coherent form
I accept and stick to put down processs and policies so long as I see them as an efficient manner of acquiring the occupation done
I like to associate my actions to a general rule
In treatments I like to acquire consecutive to the point
I tend to hold distant, instead formal relationships with people at work
I thrive on the challenge of undertaking something new and different
I enjoy fun-loving, self-generated people
I pay punctilious attending to detail before coming to a decision
I find it hard to bring forth thoughts on urge
I believe in coming to the point instantly
I am careful non to leap to decisions excessively rapidly
I prefer to hold every bit many beginnings of information as possible – the more informations to believe over the better
Flippant people who do n’t take things earnestly plenty normally annoy me
I listen to other peoples points of position before seting my ain forward
I tend to be unfastened about how I ‘m experiencing
In treatments I enjoy watching the manoeuvrings of the other participants
I prefer to react to events on a self-generated, flexible footing instead than program things out in progress
I tend to be attracted to such techniques as web analysis, flow charts, ramifying plans, eventuality planning etc.
It worries me if I have to hotfoot out a piece of work to run into a tight deadline
I tend to judge peoples ‘ thoughts on their practical virtues
Quiet, thoughtful people tend to do me experience uneasy
I frequently get irritated by people who want to hotfoot things
It is more of import to bask the present minute than to believe about the yesteryear or hereafter Y
I think that determinations based on a thorough analysis of all the information are sounder than those based on intuition
I tend to be a perfectionist
In treatments I normally produce tonss of self-generated thoughts
In meetings I put frontward practical, realistic thoughts
More frequently than non, regulations are at that place to be broken
I prefer to stand back from a state of affairs and see all the positions
I can frequently see incompatibilities and failings in other peoples ‘ statements
On balance I talk more than I listen
I can frequently see better, more practical ways to acquire things done
I think written studies should be short and to the point
I believe that rational, logical thought should win the twenty-four hours
I tend to discourse specific things with people instead than prosecuting in societal treatment
I like people who approach things realistically instead than theoretically
In treatments I get impatient with irrelevances and asides
If I have a study to compose I tend to bring forth tonss of bill of exchanges before settling on
the concluding version
I am acute to seek things out to see if they work in pattern
I am acute to make replies via a logical attack
I enjoy being the 1 who talks a batch
In treatments I find that I am frequently the realist, maintaining people to the point and avoiding wild guesss
I like to chew over many options before doing up my head
In treatments with people I frequently find I am the most cold-eyed and aim
In treatments I ‘m more likely to follow a ‘low profile ‘ than to take the lead and do most of the speaking
I like to be able to associate current actions to a longer term bigger image
When things go incorrect I am happy to shrug it off and ‘put it down to see
I tend to reject wild, self-generated thoughts as being impractical
It is best to believe carefully before taking action
On balance I do the hearing instead than the speaking
I tend to be tough on people who find it hard to follow a logical attack
Most times I believe the terminal justifies the agencies
I do n’t mind aching peopled feelings every bit long as the occupation gets done
I find the formality of holding specific aims and programs smothering
I am normally one of the people who puts life into a party
I do whatever is expedient to acquire the occupation done
I rapidly acquire bored with methodical, elaborate work
I am acute on researching the basic premises, rules and theories underpinning things and events
I ‘m ever interested to happen out what other people think
I like meetings to be run on methodical lines, lodging to a laid down agenda etc.
I steer clear of subjective or equivocal subjects
I enjoy the play and exhilaration of a crisis state of affairs
Peoples frequently find me insensitive to their feeling
Scoring the Learning Styles Questionnaire
You score one point for every point ticked. There are no points for points you crossed
Simply circle on the chart below the relevant statement Numberss that you ticked and eventually add up the figure of circles in each column.
e.g. If you agree more than you disagree with point 55 and put a tick by it
‘If I have a study to compose I tend to bring forth tonss of bill of exchanges before settling on the concluding version ‘
Then circle 55 in the Reflector column.
Ploting your tonss. Now plot your tonss on the weaponries of the cross and fall in up the points to make a ‘profile ‘ :
The higher your mark for a manner the greater your penchant for it.
You will now be able to see which are your most preferable acquisition manners. Possibly you have scored most strongly as a reflector and as a theoretician. Or you may hold a distinguishable penchant for an militant manner?
Your penchants can alter over clip and you can develop those manners that are weaker.
Militants involve themselves to the full and without prejudices in new experiences. They enjoy the here and now and are happy to be dominated by immediate experiences. They are open-minded, non disbelieving, and this tends to do them enthusiastic about anything new. Their doctrine is: “ I ‘ll seek anything one time ”. They tend to move first and see the effects afterwards. Their yearss are filled with activity. They tackle jobs by brainstorming. Equally shortly as the exhilaration from one activity has died down they are busy looking for the following. They tend to boom on the challenge of new experiences but are bored with execution and longer-term consolidation. They are gregarious people invariably affecting themselves with others but, in making so, they seek to center all activities around themselves.
Reflectors like to stand back to chew over experiences and detect them from many different positions. They collect informations, both first manus and from others, and prefer to believe about it exhaustively before coming to any decision. The thorough aggregation and analysis of informations about experiences is what counts so they tend to prorogue making unequivocal decisions for every bit long as possible. Their doctrine is to be cautious. They are thoughtful people who like to see all possible angles and deductions before doing a move. They prefer to take a back place in meetings and treatments. They enjoy detecting other people in action. They listen to others and acquire the impetus of the treatment before doing their ain points. They tend to follow a low profile and have a somewhat distant, tolerant, unflurried air about them. When they act it is portion of a broad image which includes the yesteryear every bit good as the present and others ‘ observations every bit good as their ain.
Your personal profile
Your responses to the questionnaire have provided you with a personal profile that suggests:
How you prefer to larn
How you like to cover with new information
How you like to put about happening information How you like to show
information to others
Matching manner to activity
Merely as persons have a penchant for one acquisition manner, so some acquisition activities are strongly geared to one manner of acquisition. Where your penchants match the manner in which information is presented, you are likely to happen it easy to larn. On the other manus, if there is a mismatch, you will happen it more hard. Now that you are cognizant of differences in larning manners you will detect that this class has a scope of learning methods which will promote larning across all the manners.
Case surveies help theoreticians seek a more matter-of-fact attack
Reflectors will be encouraged to acquire out at that place and make it
Report composing encourages the militant to reflect on what has been said and
Pragmatists will be encouraged to acknowledge and value the cognition and
experience contained in theory
As portion of your ain self-assessment being cognizant of your ain penchant can be a valuable tool and can assist you follow the acquisition schemes that best suit you.
How to take larning activities to accommodate your manner
Merely as some persons have a penchant for one acquisition manner, so some acquisition activities are strongly geared to one manner of acquisition. Where the person ‘s penchant and the activity to which s/he is exposed involve the manner, s/he is likely to larn. If there is a mismatch s/he is much less likely to larn. The warning for the person is that classs and other development activities by and large do non take history of this except in a instead unstructured manner which does non truly provide for the person. The most that is done is to supply a assortment of learning methods on a programme in the hope that everyone will happen something suited.
In this subdivision we show how you can do a better pick for yourself of activities which are likely to dovetail with your manner. It shows besides activities it may pay you to avoid unless you are given particular aid in get bying with them.
Here are four checklists to assist steer you towards activities that suit your manner.
If you have a penchant for the ACTIVIST manner you will larn best from activities where:
There are new experiences/problems/opportunities from which to larn.
You can steep yourself in short ‘here and now ‘ activities such as concern
games, competitory squad work undertakings, function playing exercisings.
There is excitement/drama/crisis and things chop and alteration with a scope of
diverse activities to undertake.
You have a batch of limelight/high visibleness i.e. you can chair meetings, lead
treatments, give presentations.
You are allowed to bring forth thoughts without restraints of policy or construction or
You are thrown in at the deep terminal with a undertaking you think is hard i.e. when set
a challenge with unequal resources and inauspicious conditions.
You are involved with other people i.e. resiling thoughts off them, work outing
jobs as portion of a squad.
It is appropriate to ‘have a spell ‘.
As an ACTIVIST you will larn least from, and may respond against, activities where:
Learning involves a inactive function i.e. listening to talks, accounts, statements of how things should be done, reading and watching.
You are asked to stand back and non be involved.
You are required to absorb, analyse and interpret tonss ‘messy ‘ informations.
You are required to prosecute in lone work i.e. reading, composing, believing on your ain.
You are asked to measure beforehand what you will larn, and to measure afterwards what you have learned.
You are offered statements you see as ‘theoretical1 i.e. accounts of cause or background.
You are asked to reiterate basically the same activity over and over once more i.e. when practicing.
You have precise instructions to follow with small room for pick.
You are asked to make a thorough occupation i.e. go to to detail, bind up loose terminals, dot I ‘s cross T ‘s.
If you have a penchant for the REFLECTOR STYLE you will larn best from activities where:
You are allowed or encouraged to watch/think/chew over activities.
You are able to stand back from events and listen/observe i.e. detecting a group at work, taking a back place in a meeting, watching a movie or CCTV.
You are allowed to believe before moving, to absorb before noticing i.e. clip to fix, a opportunity to read in progress a brief giving background informations.
You can transport out some painstaking research i.e. investigate, assemble information, investigation to acquire to the underside of things.
You have the chance to reexamine what has happened, what you have learned.
You are asked to bring forth carefully considered analyses and studies.
You are helped to interchange positions with other people without danger i.e. by anterior understanding, within a structured acquisition experience.
You can make a determination in your ain clip without force per unit area and tight deadlines.
As a REFLECTOR you will larn least from, and may respond against, activities where:
You are ‘forced ‘ into the limelight i.e. to move as leader/chairman, to role-play in forepart of looker-ons.
You are involved in state of affairss which require action without planning.
You are pitched into making something without warning i.e. to bring forth an blink of an eye reaction, to bring forth an off-the-top-of-the-head thought.
You are given deficient informations on which to establish a decision.
You are given cut and dried instructions of how things should be done.
You are worried by clip force per unit areas or rushed from one activity to another.
For expedience you have to do short cuts or make a superficial occupation
Least Preferred Co-Worker ( LPC ) Measure
Instruction manuals: Think of the individual with whom you can work to the lowest degree good. He or she may be person you work with now or person you knew in the yesteryear. He or she does non hold to be the individual you like the least but should be the individual with whom you had the most trouble in acquiring a occupation done. Describe this individual as he or she appears to you by circling the appropriate figure for each of the undermentioned points.