After reading Book 1, you should know the following: 1. Identification of characters and places: •Aeneas, Achates, Ascanius, Iulus (Ilus), Dido, Sychaeus, Pygmalion •Juno, Neptune, Venus, Jupiter, Cupid •Carthage, Tyrians, Teucrians 2. Cite lines where Virgil specifically describes Augustus (twice) 3. Cite lines where Dido’s future is foreshadowed (twice) 4. Explain how the future is really the past 5. Explain why Virgil chose bees for extended simile 6. Explain why Venus is worried and her plan to remedy her worries 7.
Explain why Virgil prefers the epithet “father Aeneas” (1. 817, 977) in Book 1 8. Discuss differences seen between the folk epics and literary/art epic (See GQ3 – 1) 9. Identify epic conventions found (See GQ3-1) As is necessary for an epic to be an epic, the story begins in medias res. Aeneas is almost at the end of his wanderings, trying to find this fated new land. Use these brief notes below to help guide yourself through the reading: Lines 1 – 18Introduction
Lines 19 – 220Juno starts storm; Aeneas and men in storm; Neptune stops storm Lines 221 – 311Aeneas’ ships land; men eat; Aeneas calms fears Lines 312 – 417Venus appeals to Jupiter; Jupiter tells Aeneas’ future Lines 418 – 430Jupiter sends Mercury to prepare Dido for Aeneas’ arrival Lines 431 – 521Aeneas explores; Venus disguised tells history of Dido Lines 522 – 549Aeneas briefly tells his story Lines 550 – 594Venus tells Aeneas other ships are safe; Aeneas scolds Venus; Aeneas heads out for Carthage
Lines 595 – 697First view of Carthage; Aeneas views artwork depicting Trojan War Lines 698 – 790Introduction of Dido; Aeneas sees lost men; men ask Dido for help Lines 791 – 917Dido welcomes Trojans; Aeneas and Dido’s first conversation; exchange of gifts Lines 918 – 970Venus worried for Aeneas; puts plan in place Lines 971 – endBanquet; Ascanius (i. e. , Cupid) does his job; Dido asks Aeneas to tell his story Book 2 After reading Book 2, you should know the following: 1. Identification of characters and places: •Laocoon, Sinon, Priam, Anchises, Pyrrhus (Neoptolemus), Creusa •Venus, Palladium Tenedos, Pergamus 2. In this book, the first three lines are the only lines not spoken by Aeneas. •Punctuation used to show that Aeneas is speaking •Punctuation when Aeneas is telling what another person said •Explain what these punctuation marks are telling the reader: oBeginning of line 107 oEnd of line 148 oBeginning of line149 oEnd of line 152 oBeginning of line 153 3. Virgil’s choice of topics for similes 4. Rome had just been through a turbulent time in its history. Civil wars, assassinations, the fall of the republic, power struggles and more had left Rome a broken republic.
Morals and ethics had disappeared. The gap between rich and poor was huge. After defeating Antony, Augustus was left to put the pieces back together again into a new governmental format—an empire with an emperor. For more details about the differences between the republican type of government and the empire, read the easy to understand blog at http://www. historum. com/showthread. php? t=4266. 5. What does the model Roman look like, how does he act, what’s important? No one existed in past or present that obtained all of Augustus’ visions of that perfect Roman. So he did the next best thing.
He hired his fellow classmate Virgil to create one—a model Roman, one every Roman would strive to emulate. 6. Just as you, earlier in the year, built a hero on your personal vision of a model hero, Virgil set to that task. But what does a model Roman look like, how does he act, and what’s important? The answer is in the reading. 7. Aeneas doesn’t start out as a founding/national hero. He is molded into one as his quest continues. But he does possess the qualities of an epic hero. Cite lines and brief description of these characteristics •Remarkable warrior •Leadership skills 7.
Prove these characteristics to be true by citing lines and giving a brief explanation •Family is first •Great respect for ancestors •Acceptance of the destiny-is-supreme belief •Great faith in omens •Virtue achieved through effort and temperance (moderation; restraint) This book is the most famous book of the epic. This is the only extant version of the fall of Troy. Unlike Homer’s epics where see the war through Greek eyes, we now see the fall through Trojan eyes. Use these brief notes below to guide yourself through the reading: Lines 1 – 18Introduction Lines 19 – 29Description of Trojan horse Lines 30 – 55Options about horse
Lines 56 – 80Laocoon’s advice about horse Lines 81 – 148Greek Sinon’s persuasive story that hose is a gift Lines 149 – 152Aeneas stops story to interject personal comment Lines 153 – 203Sinon’s story continues Lines 204 – 213Priam questions Sinon Lines 214 – 227Sinon prays to gods Lines 228 – 275Sinon continues with reason why Greeks built the horse Lines 276 – 280Trojans believe Sinon Lines 281 – 324Bloody snakes entwine Laocoon and his sons and lie at foot of Palladium Lines 325 – 345Trojans bring horse inside gates Lines 346 – 370Greeks sail back from Tenedos; horse opened Lines 371 – 407Hector comes to Aeneas in a dream
Lines 408 – 427Aeneas describes sounds of destruction Lines 428 – 456Aeneas continues to describe fall of Troy Lines 457 – 479Aeneas meets companions and urges them to fight Lines 480 – 527Aeneas and companions join the battle; Androgeneos mistakes them for Greeks Lines 528 – 539They continue to their fight in Greek disguise Lines 540 – 588Saving Cassandra Lines 589 – 626 Aeneas continues to describe the fall Lines 627 – 648Pyrrhus (Neoptolemus), Achilles’ son, breaks into inner room of Priam’s palace Lines 649 – 679Pyrrhus, Agamemnon, and Menelaus find daughters, Hecuba, and Priam in palace Lines 680 – 750Death of Priam
Lines 751 – 761Aeneas envisions same end for his father, wife, and son; companions killed Lines 762 – 792Aeneas sees Helen huddling in a corner and wants to kill her Lines 793 – 842Aeneas’ mother Venus appears and tells him gods not the Greeks are to blame Lines 843 – 877Venus leads Aeneas safely to his father Anchises; Anchises plans to stay and kill himself Lines 878 – 908Aeneas pleads with Anchises; asks if she protected him to see his family killed Lines 909 – 937Aeneas’ wife Creusa begs him to protect his family; Iulus’ hair catches ire; Anchises prays to Jupiter Lines 938 – 953Jupiter answers and Anchises agrees to go with Aeneas Lines 954 – 1003Aeneas takes family out, plans place to meet servants; couldn’t go by route planned and loses Creusa Lines 1004 – 1070Aeneas retraces steps to find Creusa; her ghost appears Lines 1071 – endAeneas returns to group and they he