He was born in Ulm, Germany, on March 24,1879. As a child, Einstein wasn’t like the other boys: he hated school but loved math. He was shy, and talked very slowly. He didn’t participate in sports but instead played with mechanical toys, put together jigsaw puzzles, built towers and studied nature. At school and home he would ask many questions and because of that everybody thought he was dumb. Once when he was sick in bed, his father Herman, bought him a compass; and Albert asked “Why does the needle point to the north? ” His father didn’t know the answer. Herman was calm, friendly and had a black mustache.
Einstein also had a brother, Jakob. Studied electrical machinery firm financed by the Kocks. Pauline, Einstein’s mother was a cultured women and an excellent pianist. Pauline encouraged Einstein to study the violin along with his scientific ambitions. There was a strong physical resemblance between Einstein and his younger sister Maja, and the two had a close relationship throughout their lives. Maja, also a pianist, married Paul Winteler Einstein childhood friend, Paul Winteler, in 1910 and later moved to the United States. When Einstein was older, he invented electric eye.
He also was asked to be the president of Israel, but he refused. When Einstein was a teen-ager he was very interested in science. When he wanted to relax he would play the violin which he started playing at the age of six. The kocks, his mother’s family, and the Einstein had lived in Southern Germany for more than a century, selling cloth, farming, and clerking in banks. During their free hours they enjoyed boating on the Danube and walking in the woods. Both families were Jewish . In 1880, when Albert was one year old, his father’s business failed and the family moved to Munich, the apital of Bavaria A heavily catholic city, it featured art galleries, breweries and a university.
Einstein’s father Herman. managed an electrical machinery firm which was financed partly by the Kock family. Einstein’s mother Pauline, was a cultured woman and excellent pianist. She was 11 years younger than her husband. Pauline not only motivated her son to encouraged his scientific ambitions. When Einstein was fifteen, his father’s business failed again, and the family relocated in Italy, Milan. Einstein stayed behind to complete his education, but soon was asked to live school.
He eventually joined his family in Italy. His parents continued to support his scientific interests, however enabling him to study at the ” Swiss Federal Polytechnic School,” or “Swiss Federal Institute of Technology,” in Zurich. At the institute, Einstein met a petite, dark-haired Mileva Maric, who excelled in mathematics. Albert and Mileva were married on January 6, 1903. Although the couple had two sons, Mileva was dissatisfied with her life. She wanted either a career in her husband’s work. After many years of disagreement, the couple divorced in 1919, and Mileva became a university teacher of mathematics.
Einstein kept in touch with her and his sons, and in the early 20s, he gave Mileva his entire forty-five thousand dollars Nobel Prize. Han’s Albert, Einsteins older son, developed a good relationship with his father. He became a good engineer, and when Einstein moved to United States in 1933, Hans Albert visited him often, ultimately setting here with his own family. Einstein younger son Eduard, began reading Shakespeare at the age of five. He got his father permission to concentrated on music and literature but did not achieve success. Eduard later accused his father of ruining his life a nervous breakdown.
Although Einstein rushed to Switzerland when Eduard became ill, neither he nor the psychiatrists were able to help. Eduard lived with his mother until her death, when he was placed in a mental institution. Einstein also proved that matter and energy are really different forms of the same thing, which is the Special Theory of Relativity. Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity showed that gravity, too, is relative. Gravity is the force that attracts two bodies of matter toward one another. This theory explained that a person gaining speed would feel *a force exactly like the pull of gravity.
In a spaceship without windows, that person would not be able to tell if the ship had started too move faster, or if it were being pulled by gravity from planet of star. In 1929. Einstein had doubts about whether an atomic bomb could really be made. ON August 6, 1945, the United states dropped an atomic bomb on Japan. Since this Einstein had believed the conflict could be settled without restorting to such a terrible weapon. “Oh weh! ” he gasped. It was cry of sorrow that went beyond words. On August 9, the United states drop a second bomb on Japan, ending war. A new historical atomic age, had een born, and no one knew better than Einstein the threat it posed to human survival.
For the rest of his life, he worked to make sure the bomb would never be used again. He served in committees to inform the public about atomic energy and the growing danger of weapons development. In 1905 Einstein proposed his Special Theory of Relativity. According to this theory, people view time and space differently, depending on their positions relative, or in relation, to one another. For example, To a person standing at the exact midpoint between two lamps, those lamps might appear to flash at the same time.
But a person passing by very quickly in a train would see one lamp flash before the other. This happens because the light from one lamp would reach that person before the light from other lamp. Time, then would be different for the two people. Einstein had many opportunities to speak out about causes in which he believed. One of those causes was Zionism, the movement to create the Jewish nation of Israel. Another was world peace. Many times he urged the nations of the world to get rid of their weapons. Einstein is remembered as a great scientist who worked hard to make the world a better place for all people.