Think of an eagle…what comes to mind? A big powerful bird of quarry. pouncing down and snaping up its following victim? Or possibly you imagine a beautiful and baronial bird with really sympathetic qualities. Actually. bird of Joves are all of that and more. In the United States. the Bald Eagle is a symbol of justness. strength. and equity. The Bald Eagle is after all. our national symbol. However. to the remainder of the universe the bird of Jove may convey to mind many different images. That is because there are many different types of bird of Joves. In fact there are about 59 different species of bird of Joves throughout the universe. and they can be found on every continent except Antarctica. Eagles are members of the bird household Accipitridae. and belong to several genera which are non needfully closely related to each other. Most of the more than 60 species occur in Eurasia and Africa. Outside this country. merely two species ( the Bald and Golden Eagles ) can be found in the United States and Canada. nine more in Central and South America. and three in Australia.
Eagles differ from many other birds of quarry which ] chiefly by their larger size. more powerful physique. and heavier caput and beak. Even the smallest bird of Joves. like the Booted Eagle ( which is comparable in size to a Common Buzzard or Red-tailed Hawk ) . have comparatively longer and more equally wide wings. and more direct. faster flight. Most bird of Joves are larger than any other bird of preies apart from the vultures. Speciess named as bird of Joves range in size from the South Nicobar Serpent Eagle. at 500 g ( 1. 1 pound ) and 40 centimeter ( 16 in ) . to the 6. 7 kilogram ( 14. 7 pound ) Steller’s Sea Eagle and the 100 centimeter ( 39 in ) Philippine Eagle. Like all birds of quarry. bird of Joves have really big hooked beaks for rupturing flesh from their quarry. strong muscular legs. and powerful talons. They besides have highly acute seeing which enables them to descry possible quarry from a really long distance. [ 2 ] This acute seeing is chiefly contributed by their highly big students which guarantee minimum diffraction ( dispersing ) of the entrance visible radiation. Eagles build their nests. called aeries. in tall trees or on high drops. Many species lay two eggs. but the older. larger biddy often kills its younger sibling one time it has hatched. The dominant biddy tends to be the female. as they are bigger than the male. The parents take no action to halt the violent death. Speciess
Soldierly Eagle in Namibia.
Thermographic image of an bird of Jove. thermoregulating utilizing its wings.
Filipino Eagle. Pithecophaga jefferyi in Southern Philippines.
Wedge Tailed Eagle in Australia.
Major new research into eagle taxonomy suggests that the of import genera Aquila and Hieraaetus are non composed of nearest relations. and it is likely that a reclassification of these genera will shortly take topographic point. with some species being moved to Lophaetus or Ictinaetus. * Bonelli’s Eagle. the Booted Eagle and the Little Eagle have been moved from Hieraaetus to Aquila. * Either the Greater Spotted Eagle and Lesser Spotted Eagle should travel from Aquila to fall in the Long-crested Eagle in Lophaetus. or. possibly better. all three of these species should travel to Ictinaetus with the Black Eagle. * The Steppe Eagle and Tawny Eagle. one time thought to be conspecific. are non even each other’s nearest relations. FAMILY ACCIPITRIDAE
* Subfamily Buteoninae – hawks ( turkey vultures ) . true bird of Joves and seaeagles
* Genus Geranoaetus
* Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle. Geranoaetus melanoleucus
* Genus Harpyhaliaetus
* Crowned Solitary Eagle. Harpyhaliaetus coronatus
* Montane Solitary Eagle. H. solitarius
* Genus Morphnus
* Crested Eagle. Morphnus guianensis
* Genus Harpia
* Harpy Eagle. Harpia harpyja
* Genus Pithecophaga
* Philippine Eagle. Pithecophaga jefferyi
* Genus Harpyopsis
* New Guinea Harpy Eagle. Harpyopsis novaeguineae
* Genus Oroaetus
* Black-and-chestnut Eagle. Oroaetus isidori
* Genus Spizaetus
* Cassin’s Hawk-Eagle. Spizaetus africanus
* Crested Hawk-Eagle. S. cirrhatus
* Mountain Hawk-Eagle. S. nipalensis
* Blyth’s Hawk-Eagle. S. alboniger
* Javan Hawk-Eagle. S. bartelsi
* Sulawesi Hawk-Eagle. S. lanceolatus
* Philippine Hawk-Eagle. S. philippensis
* Wallace’s Hawk-Eagle. S. dwarf
* Black Hawk-Eagle. S. Tyrannus
* Ornate Hawk-Eagle. S. ornatus
* Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle. S. melanoleucus
* Genus Lophaetus
* Long-crested Eagle. Lophaetus occipitalis – perchance belongs in Ictinaetus
* Genus Stephanoaetus
* Crowned Eagle. Stephanoaetus coronatus
* Genus Polemaetus
* Martial Eagle. Polemaetus bellicosus
* Genus Hieraaetus
* Ayres’ Hawk-eagle. Hieraaetus ayresii
* African Hawk-Eagle. H. spilogaster
* New Guinea Hawk-Eagle. H. weiskei
* Genus Harpagornis ( extinct )
* Haast’s Eagle. †Harpagornis moorei – perchance belongs in either Hieraaetus or Aquila
A Steppe Eagle in Lahore Zoo Pakistan.
* Genus Aquila
* Bonelli’s Eagle. Aquila fasciata – once Hieraaetus fasciatus
* Booted Eagle. A. pennata – once Hieraaetus pennatus
* Little Eagle. A. morphnoides
* Golden Eagle. A. chrysaetos
* Eastern Imperial Eagle. A. heliaca
* Rufous-bellied Eagle. A. kienerii
* Spanish Imperial Eagle A. adalberti
* Steppe Eagle. A. nipalensis
* Tawny Eagle. A. rapax
* Greater Spotted Eagle. A. clanga – to be moved to Lophaetus or Ictinaetus
* Lesser Spotted Eagle. A. pomarina – to be moved to Lophaetus or Ictinaetus
* Indian Spotted Eagle. A. hastata – to be moved to Lophaetus or Ictinaetus
* Verreaux’s Eagle. A. verreauxii
* Gurney’s Eagle. A. gurneyi
* Wahlberg’s Eagle. A. wahlbergi
* Wedge-tailed Eagle. A. audax
* Genus Ictinaetus
* Black Eagle. Ictinaetus malayensis
* Genus Haliaeetus
* White-tailed Eagle. Haliaeetus albicilla
* Bald Eagle. H. leucocephalus
* Steller’s Sea Eagle. H. pelagicus
* African Fish Eagle. H. vocifer
* White-bellied Sea Eagle. H. leucogaster
* Sanford’s Sea Eagle. H. sanfordi
* Madagascar Fish Eagle. H. vociferoides
* Pallas’ Sea Eagle. H. leucoryphus
* Genus Ichthyophaga
* Lesser Fish Eagle. Ichthyophaga humilis
* Grey Fish Eagle. I. ichthyaetus
A dark person of the Short-toed Snake Eagle.
* Subfamily Circaetinae: snake-eagles
* Genus Terathopius
* Bateleur. Terathopius ecaudatus
* Genus Circaetus
* Short-toed Snake Eagle. Circaetus gallicus
* Black-chested Snake Eagle. C. pectoral muscle
* Brown Snake Eagle. C. cinereus
* Fasciated Snake Eagle. C. fasciolatus
* Western Banded Snake Eagle. C. cinerascens
* Genus Spilornis
* Crested Serpent Eagle. Spilornis cheela
* Central Nicobar Serpent Eagle. S. minimus ( races or species )
* South Nicobar Serpent Eagle. S. klossi
* Mountain Serpent Eagle. S. kinabaluensis
* Sulawesi Serpent Eagle. S. rufipectus
* Philippine Serpent Eagle. S. holospilus
* Andaman Serpent Eagle. S. elgini
* Genus Eutriorchis
* Madagascar Serpent Eagle. Eutriorchis astur
Eagles in civilization
The modern English name of the bird is derived from the Latin term Aquila by manner of the Gallic aigle. The Latin Aquila may deduce from the word aquilus. intending dark-coloured. swarthy. or blackish. as a description of the eagle’s feather ; or from aquilo. the Latin version of Grecian north winds. or north air current ; nevertheless. aquilus and aquilo may merely every bit good derive from Aquila ( or be unrelated ) and the latter be of unknown beginning. Old English used the term earn. related to Scandinavia’s orn / orn. The etymology of this word relates it to Greek ornis. intending “bird” . though other Indo-germanic linguistic communications ( such as Welsh eryr or Russian orel / îð¸ë ) show that the significance ‘eagle’ is older. The Grecian word may be an old diminutive. The Albanian word for bird of Jove is “shqiponje” deducing from the root “shqipe” . which means “eagle” . In Britain before 1678. bird of Jove referred specifically to the Golden Eagle. with the other native species. the White-tailed Eagle. being known as the Erne. The modern name “Golden Eagle” for Aquila chrysaetos was introduced by the naturalist John Ray. Eagles as national symbols
Coat of weaponries of the Albanian Kingdom ( 1928–1939 ) ( used by Skenderbe in the fifteenth century but dating long clip ago as a symbol of Albania translated in native linguistic communication as “Land of Eagles” )
Coat of weaponries of Austria
Double-headed bird of Jove emblem of the Byzantine Empire. Relief from the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople *
Coat of weaponries of Egypt.
The Reichsadler symbol of the Holy Roman Empire of German State and Imperial Germany ( 1871-1918 ) . *
Coat of weaponries of Germany. It dates back to the bird of Jove as a symbol of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation ( 800–1806 ) . the so called Bundesadler.
This is the province emblem of Karnataka. India. The bird in the center is the “Gandaberunda. ” *
Coat of weaponries of Mexico. It dates back to the fable of the initiation of the chief Aztec city state Tenochtitlan in 1325. *
Napoleonic bird of Jove.
Coat of weaponries of the town of Berg en Terblijt in the Netherlands. an illustration of the prolific usage of the bird of Jove in European heraldry. *
Coat of weaponries of Poland. The symbol of an bird of Jove appeared for the first clip on the coins made during the reign of Boleslaw I ( 992–1025 ) . ab initio as the coat of weaponries of the Piast dynasty.
Coat of weaponries of the Rumanian Principalities in 1600. holding the Wallachian bird of Jove on top.
Coat of weaponries of the Russian Federation.
Coat of weaponries of the Russian Empire. Including Tsardom of Poland and Grand Duchy of Finland and other Russian dependences *
Coat of weaponries of Serbia.
The Great Seal of the United States.
Coat of weaponries of Velletri.
Coat of weaponries of Armenia.
Coat of weaponries of Nagorno-Karabakh Republic.
Eagles have been used by many states as a national symbol.
* The coat of weaponries of the Seljukian Empire has a double-headed bird of Jove * The coat of weaponries of Albania has a black double-headed bird of Jove. Furthermore the bird of Jove gives Albania its name ( in Albanian Shqiperia intending Land of the bird of Joves ) and Albanians call themselves shqipetar or shqipe significance bird of Joves. * The coat of weaponries of Armenia has a gold bird of Jove and king of beasts.
* The coat of weaponries of Austria has a black bird of Jove.
* The coat of weaponries of the Czech Republic integrates the symbols of Moravia and Silesia ( both with female bird of Joves in their emblems – red-and-white checked and black severally ) on the coat of weaponries of the Czech Republic with Bohemia’s king of beasts. * The coat of weaponries of Egypt is a aureate bird of Jove looking towards the viewer’s left. It is taking from the aureate Eagle of Saladin founded on Saladin Citadel of Cairo. * The coat of weaponries of Germany has a black bird of Jove.
* The coat of weaponries of Ghana has two aureate bird of Joves keeping it. * The coat of weaponries of Iceland has an bird of Jove keeping it. every bit good as a firedrake. a bull and a elephantine. * The coat of weaponries of Indonesia has an eagle-like Garuda transporting a shield on its cervix and a streamer on its pess. * The coat of weaponries of Iraq has the aureate Eagle of Saladin * The coat of weaponries of Jordan has a black bird of Jove.
* The coat of weaponries of Mexico has a aureate bird of Jove perched upon a cactus devouring a serpent. * The coat of weaponries of Moldova consists of a conventionalized bird of Jove keeping a cross in its beak and a scepter and a subdivision in its claws. * The coat of weaponries of Montenegro represents the two-headed bird of Jove in flight. * The coat of weaponries of Navarre/Basque Country Kingdom has a black bird of Jove. * The coat of weaponries of Nigeria has a ruddy bird of Jove on top.
* The coat of weaponries of Panama has a vixen bird of Jove
* The coat of weaponries of the Philippines has the bald bird of Jove of the United States as a symbol of its colonial yesteryear. but the Monkey-eating Eagle is the de jure National Bird of the state. * The coat of weaponries of Poland has a white bird of Jove with a aureate beak and talons have oning a aureate Crown. * The coat of weaponries of Romania has a aureate Aquila keeping a cross in its beak and a Mace and a blade in its claws. * The coat of weaponries of Russia has a gilded double-headed bird of Jove. * The coat of weaponries of Serbia has a white bicephalic bird of Jove of the House of Nemanjic . * The coat of weaponries of Syria once had the bird of Jove of Saladin. * The Great Seal of the United States has a bald bird of Jove.
* The coat of weaponries of Yemen depicts a aureate bird of Jove with a coil between its claws. * The coat of weaponries of Zambia has a orange ruddy bird of Jove on top. * The coat of weaponries of Ghana has two bird of Joves.
* The Polish and the Serbian bird of Joves are distinguished by their white colour. Historic utilizations:
* The Ptolemaic swayers of Egypt used it as their seal.
* Napoleon I used the Roman Golden Eagle as the symbol of his new Gallic imperium. * Iranian Empire: the symbol of Iranian Army was an Eagle. * The Romans used it on the criterions of their ground forcess. From this derives: * The late Byzantine Empire chose a two-headed aureate bird of Jove as its symbol. It is popularly that one caput symbolised ancient Rome. and the other caput symbolized “new Rome” at Constantinople. From this derives: * The two-headed bird of Jove is the emblem of “Shqiperia” or Land of the Eagles. which is known in English as Albania ( see The Tale of the Eagle for the legendary beginning of the name )
* After the autumn of Constantinople. the Russian Empire took the two-headed bird of Jove as its ain symbol. * After his crowning as the new Roman Emperor. Charlemagne adopted the ancient Roman bird of Jove as his ain symbol. The Holy Roman Empire Born of his land took the bird of Jove. but the Habsburgs replaced the aureate bird of Jove by an imperial bird of Jove. From this derives: * The Austrian Empire had a two-headed bird of Jove as its symbol. After the abolishment of Austria-Hungary. Austria took as its symbol a one-headed bird of Jove in the modern coat of weaponries of Austria. * Prussia. and subsequently Germany have used a black bird of Jove as their national symbol. * The Spanish Catholic sovereign. Isabella and Ferdinand. used the bird of Jove as a portion of the royal shield stand foring Saint John the Evangelist. The bird of Jove was once more on the Spanish shield under the Francoist government and the passage to Democracy ( 1939–1981 ) . * The Seljuk Turks and Ottoman Turks used a double-headed bird of Jove as coats-of-arms. Religion
The Moche people of ancient Peru worshiped the animate being and frequently pictured bird of Joves in their art. Despite modern and historic Native American patterns of giving bird of Jove plumes to non-indigenous people and besides members of other folks who have been deemed worthy. current United States eagle feather jurisprudence stipulates that lone persons of certified Native American lineage enrolled in a federally recognized folk are lawfully authorized to obtain eagle plumes for spiritual or religious grounds. In Canada. poaching of bird of Jove plumes for the flourishing U. S. market has sometimes resulted in the apprehensions of First Nations individual for the offense. *
Garuda. the Vahana of Lord Vishnu
Garuda murthi in West Bengal. India
In Hindu faith. Garuda is a lesser Hindu deity. normally the saddle horse ( vahanam ) of Vishnu. Garuda is depicted as holding the aureate organic structure of a strong adult male with a white face. ruddy wings. and an eagle’s beak and with a Crown on his caput. This ancient divinity was said to be monolithic. big plenty to barricade out the Sun. The bird of Jove is besides the frequenter animate being of Zeus. In peculiar. Zeus was said to hold taken the signifier of an bird of Jove in order to kidnap Ganymede. and there are legion artistic word pictures of the Eagle Zeus bearing Ganymede aloft. from Classical times up to the present.