American Revolution Essay

Events leading to the American Rev.

During the late seventeen hundreds, many tumultuous events
resulted in Colonial opposition to Great Britain. The conditions
of rights of the colonists will slowly be changed as the
constriction of the parliament becomes more and more intolerable.

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During the Seven Years’ War England was not only alarmed by the
colonists’ insistence on trading with the enemy, but also with
Boston merchants hiring James Otis inorder to protest the
legality of the writs of assistance (general search warrants)
used to hunt out smuggled goods. “let the parliament lay what
burthens they please on us, we must, it is our duty to submit and
patiently bear them, till they will be pleased to relieve
us….”. This is a very strong dictum, that in 1764, the
colonists were of a submissive nature, and were weakly pleading
for self-autonomy. This small fire of anger will become a huge
conflagration as the rights are slowly rescinded.

On October 19, 1765 the Stamp Act Congress and
Parliamentary Taxation committee’s passed some laws that
attempted to strengthen the grip of the English crown.

“I.That his Majesty’s subjects in these colonies, owe the same
allegiance to the Crown of Great Britain that is owing from his
subjects born within the realm, and all due subordination to
that august body, the Parliament of Great Britain.”
This statement can be used as a summation of the entire document
that the Stamp Act Congress had initiated. The statement depicts
the colonists has having to be submissive and servile in the view
of Great Britain, this policy angered the colonists very much, and
was another component of the transition of the colonists’
rights and liberties.

When the Declatory Act was passed in March of 1766, many
colonies were attempting to claim that they were “seceding” from

“Whereas several of the houses of representatives in his
Majesty’s colonies and plantations in America, have of late,
against law, or to the general assemblies of the same, the sole
and exclusive right of imposing duties and taxes upon his
Majesty’s subjects in the said colonies….be it declared ….,
that the said colonies and plantations in America, have been,
are, and of right ought to be, subordinate unto, and dependent
upon the imperial Crown and Parliament of Great Britain;”.

The Parliament of course denounced the attempt at independance
and still dogmatilcally passed the following law to show that the
colonists were still british subjects. Again, the colonists were
infuriated and later will resist the british imperialism on the

“All before, are calculated to regulate trade, and preserve
prpromote a mutually beneficial intercourse between the several
constituent parts of the empite””, yet those duties were always
imposed with design to restrain the commerce of one part”.

This statement by the colonist (John Dickinson), shows that th
sole rason for new taxes is just for the British gov’t to make
money, at the expense of the economy of the colonies. Dickinson
makes a important distinction between the rights of the colonies
and the authority of the parliament. Dickinson’s comments were
ubiquitous among the colonists, and thus infuriated them to
rebellion, and the seizure of basic democratic rights.

“From necessity of the case, and a regard to the mutual
interest of both countries, we cheerfully consent to the
operation of such acts of the British parliament as are bona fide
restrained to the regulation of our external commerce, for the
purpose of securing the commercial advantages of the whole empire
to the mother country , and the commercial benefits of it’s
respective members excluding every idea of taxation, internal or
external, for raising a revenue on the subjects in America
without their consent ….”
The continental congress had presented it’s colonial rights.

These rights enable the colonies to be more autonomous with
exception to those several states who are under the british
control. One important element of the document, is the idea of
taxation without representation; the said that raising taxes
without consent was illegal and that the commercial benefits of
the colony should be shared within the colonies, instead of
England becoming more and more economically prosperous.

The whole idea of mercantilism was about to be crushed, due to
this idea, of self-autonomy with respect to colonial economics.

“Ye that oppose independence now, ye know not what ye do, ye
are opening a door to eternal tyranny….”. This statement made
by Thomas Paine shows the foreshadowing, of what colonists would
do. The British are trying to prevent independence, and from
doing so, they are being tyrannical. Again, the rights of the
colonists are being questioned and rebellion shortly will be

“That whenever any form of Government becomes destructive
of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to
abolish it, and to institute new government, laying it’s
foundations on such principles and organizing it’s powers in such
form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety
and happiness.”. What the declaration is really saying, is that a
society who has no or little rights (such as the colonies) should
be destroyed, thus separation from England. A new society would
follow, where the people of the society would have these rights
necessary for self-autonomy. The Declaration of Independence was
a strong justification for revolution. The Revolution follows the
Declaration of Independence, where a transition occurs. The
transition has to do with the rights of the colonists. The
colonists acquire their rights through resistance to british
imperial conformity, by resisting certain policies detrimental to
the inalienable rights of a democracy. The transitional period
was from 1760’s to 1770’s. This is a crucial period of time,
because this is where the center of power is transferred from the
british government (Parliament) to the colonial citizens. A major
component to this center of power was the rights of the
colonists, the colonists gained their rights through resistence
to an imperial power. This transition is depicted through the
progression of time in the documents.


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