Analysing the Development of Strategic Management and Leadership Skills Essay

This study is comprises on the subject of developing the leading and strategic direction accomplishments. Relation between the strategic direction and strategic leading is clearly defined in the study along with the modern theories of strategic leading and their advantages and disadvantages are besides discussed. The function of leading in administration to accomplish the efficiency, quality, invention and HRM, is besides discussed keenly. The study besides covers the demands of the successful leading in the hereafter and the alterations to be made in the current leading criterions to run into with the hereafter alterations in the concern environment are besides discussed. Besides the techniques required to develop leading accomplishments in the people are defined and the programme to develop leading accomplishments in the people of administration is besides proposed in the study.



To understand the differences of both these concern footings we need to understand foremost about definitions of these two footings and besides about the scheme, means in which term we can utilize it.

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Harmonizing to Kotter ( 1991 )

Management: ”coping with complexness by be aftering and budgeting ”

Leadership: ”coping with alteration by puting a way through vision and scheme ”

Scheme: “ Strategy is the way and range of an administration over the long term: which achieves advantage for the administration through its constellation of resources within a ambitious environment, to run into the demand of markets and fulfil stakeholder ‘s outlooks. “ ( Johnson and Scholes ) .

The whole relation is that strategic leader makes policies and defines the goals/tasks to be achieved and the strategic direction works to accomplish ends defined by the leading.

In easy words strategic leader can be a strategic director but a strategic director can non be a strategic leader.

Strategic direction really clearly defined by the Huczynski & A ; Buchanan 2001 ) coordination of the administration ”a societal agreement for the controlled public presentation of corporate ends ” .

In add-on with these definitions we easy conclude that leader show the way, intent, way towards the success of corporation. It besides takes enterprises and thinks about the growing of future position.

For a good strategic leading he besides needs to see about several of import things in head to accomplish the end. These are his chief function maps which he has to see going a successful leader.

Purpose or vision

Strategic thought and planning


Teaching and taking the acquisition by illustration

Fitness of administration harmonizing to situational demands

Morale, energy, assurance

A good strategic leader ever keeps in head about Balanced Business Systems Approach. His followings ever trust on him so they easy reach on their concluding finish with success.

Whereas a good strategic direction ever put to death the program within clip line and used the efficiency of their resources upper limit, through this technique they can easy accomplish marks and ends which are set by their leaders and they can carry through their dreams.

For making a good concern in modern universe you need to take a expression on the concern scheme really profoundly and seek to come with new thoughts and schemes to vie others but for a successful scheme consequences it truly depends on the strategic direction. Good strategic leaders ever portion their vision with their squads and do them confident about the undertakings by giving them energy through moral support and demo their ego to them as function theoretical account. Therefore due to common audience with the leading and direction it is ever become easier to take the strategic determinations that must be good.

Undertaking 1b


Leadership manners can besides be adopted to get by with the different state of affairss originating within the company. This style/theory of leading to get by with the situational affairs is developed by Hersey and Blanchard. It is based on the premise of that leader needs to change their behaviors depending on one cardinal situational factor – preparedness of the employees.

This theory majorly focuses on two leader behaviors:

Task behavior

It refers to the extent to which the leader engages in calculating out the responsibilities and duties of an single or group. It includes to state the people what to make, how to make it, when to make it and who is to make it.

Relationship behavior

It refers to extent to which the leader engages in two manner or multi-way communicating. It includes hearing, easing and supportive behaviors.

A leader must be to the full cognizant of the fact that how much its employees are able to make the undertaking utilizing their accomplishments, cognition, and experiences with the assurance, committedness and motive towards the accomplishment of the peculiar undertaking.

There is a critical impact of strategic direction and strategic leading manners on strategic determinations and it can be a chief factor harmonizing to fortunes. But in the impact of technological invention advisory leading manner is more helpful for the administration because through that manner he can acquire the feedback from bomber ordinates what they need to better the efficiency and consequences.

Undertaking 2a


There are legion leading theories and manners that are widely adopted by the companies presently. Two of the current leading theories are:

Transactional leading theory

Transformational leading theory

Transactional Leadership Theory

The transactional leading theory is one, which is most widely and normally used in most organisations. It is based on minutess or trades made between an employee and an organisation or between followings and leaders. A transactional leading is based on a military like clear concatenation of bid with a ‘Carrot and Stick ‘ doctrine. It is like a method of running an administration by agencies of wagess and penalty.

The basic premises of transactional leading are the undermentioned:

Peoples will certainly be promoted by wages and penalty scheme.

Once employees are contracted, their whole bid lies in the custodies of director.

Chain of bids will work at their best to run the administration.

Employees must work harmonizing to the bids given by the director.

Advantages: This method works in most of the instances, where employees are motivated by wagess. It is an effectual scheme, which works best if the leaders at top degrees are of strong personality and capable of doing most of the of import determinations.

Disadvantages: When people are ruled in rigorous mode by the director it leads to:

Depress employees.

Make a nerve-racking environment.

Stop the thought and originative procedures.

Increase productiveness but with lesser inventions and discoveries.

Transformational Leadership Theory

The Bass ‘s Transformational leading theory stands on leader ‘s character and actions. The chief subject of this theory chiefly focuses on act uponing the subsidiaries or employees the personality of director or leader. In this method, the director or leader Acts of the Apostless as a function theoretical account for the employers and set illustrations for its followings. This theory contradicts with the perceptual experience made by the transactional leading theory in which director acts as a dictator. This type of leading tends the employees to make regard and swear their leader and believe that their leader is heading them towards the success.

It is more humanist and inspirational attack in which director plays the function of beginning of inspiration. This theory believes to advance the employees through positive motive instead than a negative motive.

The basic premises of transformational leading theory are the undermentioned:

Employees will follow the leader who will animate them without any force per unit area on them to make so.

Motivation and enthusiasm are the cardinal factors to acquire occupation done.

The vision, passion and finding of the leader will transform the followings and they can accomplish the undertakings together.

Advantages: There are following advantages of the transformational leading theory:

It creates enthusiastic working atmosphere.

Employees work through self-motivation.

Peoples willing to set more attempts to allow the occupation done.

Everyone wants to play its ain function in positive mode.

It is besides an exercising of developing new leaders.

Peoples do n’t make work for the benefits offered merely, but they become loyal to their work.

Disadvantages: This theory merely based on the abilities of leader to allow the people inspired by his character. Leaderships of administration may non be able to act upon the work force by their character.

Undertaking 2b

There are following methods and patterns through which we can heighten




Human Resource Management ( HRM )


Most leaders provide an environment where the people can larn, stretch and portion the endowment they have. Great leaders ever try to transform the novices in an efficient and effectual mode. The three chief qualities that a leader must hold are:

Capable to name the employees current degree and to happen its natural ability refering to the undertaking.

Should supply the sufficient sum of way and support that is required by the employee.

Identify the duties for the several employees and demo them how they will be provided counsel by the leader.


The quality factor can be enhanced by implementing and practising the following the factors:

Meaningful Work: Peoples must be clearly told the worth and the connexion of their work with the administration.

Collaboration: Employees must be provided by such an energetic and healthy environment that tends them to supply you with the quality work in coaction.

Recognition: Peoples should be praised and their attempts and accomplishments in the undertakings should be acknowledged.

Growth: Peoples should be provided by the chances to larn, turn, and to develop new accomplishments that lead to advancement in their calling.

Fairness: Fairness is an indispensable factor that must non be forgotten. Fairness should be done with everyone in every affair particularly in delegating the work burden to people.


Growth Culture: Employees should be provided by the healthy growing civilization where they could larn, turn and heighten their accomplishments and demo their capablenesss and creativeness.

Cross-Functional Teams: Peoples should be provided such an environment where they could make work in coaction with each other separately and in the signifier of groups. The exchange of thoughts creates new attacks towards the undertakings.

Invention Procedure: Peoples should be provided such an ambiance where they can portion their thoughts with leaders without any reluctance.

Prosodies and Wagess: There must be grasp for any new coming thoughts by the employee and their attempt must be acknowledged.

Human Resource Management ( HRM )

In older times people were merely hired on look intoing some basic cognition by some important individuals. But now there are particular sections that merely work for the enlisting of people. Now squads are formed of leader and some extraordinary adept employees that buttocks and enroll new people for the administration.

Undertaking 3a


There are legion demands for a successful leading in the current concern environment. Some of the major demands are as follows:

Interest in work force

Defined vision of organisation hereafter

Motivation in employees

Leader as a function theoretical account

Feedback and control system

Interest in Workforce

A leader must hold to take involvement in its work force. Peoples are like anchor of the company whose importance can ne’er by denied.

Defined Vision of Organisation Future

A leader must specify the vision of administration ‘s hereafter to its employees so that they could see themselves with turning calling within the company and in the outer universe.

Motivation in Peoples

Peoples must be motivated towards their undertaking and should be told that how of import their work is for the administration. Employees should be motivated in a mode that they should gain that they are n’t merely working for the administration but for themselves every bit good.

Leader as A Role Model

It is mandatory for a leader to put itself as an illustration for its employees. A leader should be like a function theoretical account for its employees that sets criterions of work for the work force.

Feedback and Control System

A leader must inquire on a regular basis for the feedback sing the advancement in the work and every affair within the administration. It promotes the construct of encephalon storming in the administration.

Undertaking 3b


There are following factors that will impact the concern environment and the leading demands. Some of the major factors are as follows:

Change in competitory environment



New ways of believing about the nature of leading and leading development.

Change in Competitive Environment

Leadership competences will be altering as the competitory concern environment alterations. There are following critical forces that will determine leading competences in the hereafter. These critical forces are:

Global competition

Information engineering

Need for rapid and flexible administration


Differing employee demands

The new environment will hold greater ambiguity and uncertainness in it. In future leading direction will hold to be moulded in such a manner that it should get the better of the above mentioned important forces.


Globalization of the administration is a immense factor that will impact the leading in future. Most administrations are acquiring globalised. Future leaders must hold to be trained in such a manner that they could be able to do such schemes that can get by with planetary issues like regulative, political and media groups etc. , refering to the administrations.

Future leaders must hold to be trained to do such schemes that could get by with the factors affecting international markets, universe economic tendencies, and concentrate on peculiar parts where the administration wants to get down its programmes.


The rapid alterations in engineering are really barbarous forces that will take to alter the modern leading. Leaderships must be cognizant of the fact that how can they utilize the engineering in order to develop the leading criterions in an effectual mode.

New Ways of Thinking About the Nature of Leadership and Leadership Development

The new positions on the nature of leading may deeply impact our believing about leading development. Leadership and leading development are seen as inherently societal, collaborative and relational procedures.

Undertaking 4a


There are legion methods and techniques that are used to pattern in an administration to develop leading accomplishments in its employees. Some of those methods and techniques are as follows:

Listening to others advices: It is indispensable to listen to and understand what other people stating to you. It does n’t mention to hold with them but it is compulsory to acquire the positions of other people around you. It generates more thoughts to near towards the solution of some job. The people will besides experience their duties and parts towards the benefit of administration.

Adulthood: One should ne’er acquire emotionally negative with the people, no harangue, shouting or dishonoring the people even if you feel angry and disquieted due to them. One should the adulthood in its thought and control over its pique.

Leading by illustration: A leader must hold to develop its character as a function theoretical account for others and it should be a tendency and an illustration compositor for its work force. A leader should hold the abilities to act upon its work force. Leader must be most difficult working among others.

Time direction: A leader must be to the full cognizant of the clip direction factor and must acquire tardily in accomplishing undertakings after define clip for them. A leader must be able to pull off its clip in efficient mode and besides aid and allow others to make so.

Undertaking 4b


Introducing a leading development programme is the necessity of the clip and the indispensable demand for the hereafter of concern. A leading development programme program can be designed by presenting following standards in the administration.

Divide people in smaller groups and assign different leaders to the several groups. This pattern will expose the responsibilities of a leader to the people. A head leader will look after all the sub-leaders of the groups. Respective sub-leaders should be defined in the hierarchy so that most people will hold the exposure to leading accomplishment development chance. The work done by the sub-leaders must be appreciated and corrected where necessary to steer them in an effectual mode and to advance their abilities to work as a leader. In the interim everyone should be told to pattern the following methods that will assist people to develop the leading accomplishments in them in a healthy environment of work.

To assist other people when they require from you.

Everyone must be treated every bit and fairness standards should be followed for everyone.

Should be steadfast in doing determinations for good and bad.

Always be responsible for your work and make non set fault on others.

Always try to admit the attempts of the people behind your success.

Do n’t move like a self-promoting individual and put others aside.

Always back up other people.

Take feedback from the people on issues and be impersonal.

Bing honest but sensitive in the manner that you give bad intelligence or unfavorable judgment.

Should be run intoing with whatever you promise.

Promoting others to turn, stretch and demo their abilities.

Always try to paraphrase your words that delivers the same significance but in the positive sense.

Should supply a healthy environment to people where they could bask the work.

Always take good records.

Planing and prioritizing.

Should advance encephalon storming.

By practising the undermentioned activities people are acquire trained to be a good leader in the hereafter. The preparation process demands clip. It can ne’er be over the dark hence this pattern has to be set as criterion to make work in the administration.

This programme of developing the leading skills in the people of administration is selected because it does n’t necessitate any particular work to make individually from the day-to-day work but the whole system is moulded in such a manner that without doing any excess attempts and programme, the administration ‘s environment will turn the employees into great leaders.


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