Anatomy Final Exam

Question Answer
1. Urine is temporarily stored by the: urinary bladder
2. Which of the following transports urine from the kidney toward the bladder: ureter
3. Which of the following transports urine of the bladder: urethra
4. Left kidney sits ____ then right kidney: Higher/ superior
5. Three nephrons function (1) filtration of solid wastes in the blood (glomerular) ,( 2) re-absorb all essential nutrients(Bowen capsule) ,(3)excretion of body waste (urine/collection duct)
6. Reabsorption of glucose occurs mostly in the: proximal convoluted tubule (also: sodium and chloride ions, and water)
7. In response to decreased levels of aldosterone, the kidneys would likely produce: urine with a higher concentration of sodium ions.
8. At the nephron, angiotensin II triggers ________ to elevate glomerular pressures and glomerular filtration rates: vasoconstriction of the efferent arterioles
9. What tissue lines the bladder: transitional epithelial tissue
10. When the level of ADH (antidiuretic hormone) increases:
less urine is produced. (decrease : more urine production)
11. Distal convoluted tubule (DCT) responsible for the resorption of: sodium, water and secretion of hydrogen potassium and it becomes permeable to water in the presence of antidiuretic hormone (ADH).
12. Urinary incontinence (UI) is: loss of bladder control
13. Urinary retention is: the inability to empty the bladder
14. Muscle in the bladder is called: Detrusor muscle
15. The renal ________ is the site at which the renal artery and renal nerve enter and the renal vein exits: Hilum
16. Which of the following are components of a renal corpuscle? glomerulus and glomerular capsule
17. Which of the following will likely occur if glomerular blood pressure falls significantly: kidney filtration will stop
18. Urine ejection cannot occur unless which event(s) takes place: Both the internal and external urethral sphincters are relaxed

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