Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia Essay

The last great Ice Age non merely influenced our planets climate and geology but besides the migration of worlds and their colony to make huge civilisations. Upon these civilisations lied Mesopotamia. known as the “cradle of civilisation. ” and Ancient Egypt. These two civilisations flourished in their crude times due to their political. societal. and cultural promotions. Sharing many qualities of each other as people. these two societies were besides extremely different. as are most civilizations.

Both Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt became known as some of the most powerful and influential civilisations known to adult male. The world’s first civilisation was derived from Mesopotamia and inhabited by the Sumerians. Ancient Mesopotamia was located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The Sumerians were rational people. as they discovered the usage of irrigation through levees to bring forth a twelvemonth unit of ammunition supply of nutrient. This resulted in a lasting stay of the people alternatively of traveling from topographic point to topographic point for nutrient and depending on the clime.

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This stableness formed the first Mesopotamian authorities. the city state. The centre of the city-state consisted of a temple and public edifice and they governed themselves every bit good as constructed societal categories. Blacksmiths. husbandmans. politicians and priests were illustrations of these societal categories but because of the major architectural construction. the zikkurat. in which merely priests were allowed indoors. priests were looked upon as a high societal standing. Arguably the most of import technological promotion of the Mesopotamian civilisation was the first system of authorship.

The metropolis needed a manner to maintain records so they developed cuneiform authorship. It consisted of many pie forms that symbolized words and were written on clay tablets that one time finished were left in the Sun to dry going lasting records. The Sumerians believed in many Gods and each holding a peculiar function or activity. They wrote narratives about the Gods like the Epic of Gilgamesh which is the oldest narrative in the universe. It was said over 30 thousand clay tablets were used to do the narrative. Ancient Egypt is considered one of the most complex yet stable civilisations in history.

The first Pharaoh unified upper and lower Egypt to make the society of Egypt. Like Mesopotamia. the civilisation concentrated itself around the river system. in Egypt’s instance. the Nile River. Egypt’s version of the Nile and its irrigation system spurred the societal development and civilization of the land. The predictable implosion therapy of the river and fertile dirt created an imperium of great agricultural wealth. Egypt took pride on its building techniques. monumental architecture like the pyramids which were built as grave for the Pharaoh.

These pyramids took 1000s upon 1000s of workers to construct and were gazed upon as there most proud accomplishments. Egypt besides had their ain independent authorship system called hieroglyphics. which consisted of logogrammatic and alphabetic elements. Highly advanced for its clip was the system of medicine Ancient Egypt had developed every bit good as their mathematical system. In the political universe of Egypt. the Pharaoh was considered the swayer of the land and absolute sovereign of its resources. The Pharaoh maintained jurisprudence and order every bit good as delivered justness.

Social categories in Ancient Egypt to a great extent consisted of husbandmans due to agricultural prosperity but they were considered lower category. The upper category consisted of Scribes and authorities functionaries. who displayed their position through art and literature. Beliefs in the Godhead and the hereafter were to a great extent influenced in the Egyptian civilization and temples were a topographic point of worship for the Gods. The ancient civilisations of Mesopotamia and Egypt each portrayed successful societies that were governed good beyond outlook for their clip. Mesopotamia had the earliest decentralised authorities.

Though male monarchs ruled the land. the city states played a function in engagement and input whereas in Ancient Egypt. the Pharaoh ruled the land indisputably. Because the Pharaoh was looked upon being a descendant of God. big sculptures were built in his name. Egypt took pride in their architecture more than ancient Mesopotamia. Though both had their ain single composing systems. Mesopotamia cuneiform was more complex and advanced than Egypt’s hieroglyphics. Mesopotamia developed before Egypt hence without Mesopotamia’s precedency of cuneiform. Egypt may ne’er hold developed their authorship system.

Irrigation becomes another factor in Egypt’s success because without Mesopotamia’s levee system and other agricultural promotions. Egypt may ne’er hold been able to develop their comfortable system in which their civilization was based upon. Egyptian society on the other manus had more accomplishments and promotions in medical specialty and a stronger mentality on faith and the Godhead. If I were given a pick to populate in Ancient Mesopotamia or Ancient Egypt. personally I would take Mesopotamia hands down. I believe the civilization was more centralised every bit good as developed compared to Egypt.

The Sumerians were people of development and inspiration every bit good as a freer race. For myself. I would dislike the fact that I had no here-say in my land and being controlled by one adult male because he was looked upon as sanctum does non sit right with me. I prefer more of a democracy and sense of ego in my society. I besides am one to prefer the enlargement of scientific discipline instead than faith and being a portion of a community that prides itself on technological promotions such as the wheel and the calendar is much more exciting than passing old ages constructing pyramids to hive away dead Pharaoh.


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