Annotated Bibliography: The Commodification of Ethnic Identities Essay

Aicken, Michelle, and Chris Ryan, erectile dysfunction. Autochthonal Tourism: The Commodification and Management of Culture. Oxford: Elsevier, 2005. ( Accessed through Science Direct 28 October 2010. )

This book addresses of import facets of “ autochthonal touristry ” that no other resource references adequately. It examines at length the challenges involved with the survey of the subject itself. It besides addresses the bounds of touristry, inquiries of genuineness, and touristry direction.

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One of the most relevant chapters for my intents, is Chapter 11, which discusses the commodification of events and artefacts. What happens when non-native companies produce “ native-style ” objects to sell as keepsakes? And when those keepsakes are sold by a native, how does it impact his relationship with his traditions? This chapter investigates the implicit in procedures and alterations in value artefacts experience.

Alneng, Victor. “ What the Fuck is a Vietnam? : Touristic Phantasms and the Popcolonization of ( the ) Vietnam ( War ) . ” Critique of Anthropology 22.4 ( 2002 ) , 461-489. ( Accessed through Ebsco Host 28 October 2010. )

This article discusses the ingestion of individuality through touristry with mention to the Vietnam War. Although my purpose is to concentrate on the ingestion of civilization and individuality in mention to highland cultural minorities, this article is relevant because war narrations appear in every context tourists encounter in Vietnam.

This article includes some interesting treatments about the function the war has played in advancing touristry in Vietnam, every bit good as the construct of “ touristic apparition. ” Alneng besides talks about specific tourers sites straight related to the war, such as the War Remnants Museum. Although I ‘m non yet certain how much I ‘ll utilize this article, or the construct of war touristry, in my paper, because the war is such a large portion of the tourer experience, I believe it will be relevant.

Bai, ZhiHong. “ Cultural Identities Under the Tourist Gaze. ” Asiatic Ethnicity 8.3 ( 2007 ) , 245-259. ( Accessed through Ebsco Host 28 October 2010. )

Although non focused on Vietnam, this paper deals with the relationship between cultural individuality and the regard of international tourers. Unlike the other articles I ‘ve found, this one is written by a member of the cultural minority under treatment. A member of the Bai minority group in Yunnan, China, Bai Zhihong asserts that the commodification of cultural Bai individuality has non diluted the personal sense of cultural individuality experienced by the people themselves, but has instead served to stress cultural difference in day-to-day life. This is rather interesting, because portion of my end in composing on this subject was to find how selling one ‘s cultural individuality as a twenty-four hours occupation affects one ‘s relationship with that individuality while non at work.

Butler, Richard, and Tom Hinch, erectile dysfunction. Tourism and Autochthonal Peopless: Issues and Implications. Burlington: Elsevier, 2007. ( Accessed through Science Direct 2 November 2010. )

This is another antic book that addresses several interesting facets of what the writers call autochthonal touristry. Each portion of this book contains chapters focused on specific parts ; as a whole the book provides a comparatively comprehensive cross-cultural scrutiny of assorted issues in autochthonal touristry. For illustration, Part 1 discusses the function of autochthonal cognition in cultural touristry. The writers of this subdivision discuss jobs and schemes used to integrate autochthonal cognition, such as traditional ecological cognition, into the touristry industry. This is something I saw at work in Sa Pa, so it caught my attending.

Other parts of the book examine autochthonal touristry and poorness decrease, political relations, and civilization. The chapter turn toing autochthonal touristry and poorness decrease besides discusses issues of control over autochthonal touristry. This is relevant as it revealed an premise I seem to hold made – that autochthonal populations have entree to the fiscal benefits reaped from the commodification of their civilization.

Dicks, Bella. Culture on Display: The Production of Contemporary Visibility. Berkshire: McGraw Hill, 2004. ( Accessed through eBrary on October 27, 2010. )

This book has proven to be one the most valuable resources I ‘ve located. In the debut, it talks about how civilization becomes “ a topographic point to travel, ” and the outlooks of handiness visitants have when traveling to a cultural finish. The writer footings this “ visitability. ”

Several other chapters provide information relevant to my subject. For illustration, Chapter Two is dedicated wholly to look intoing the relationships between civilization and touristry. It examines the contradictions embodied in touristry, and investigates the relationship between the consumable “ capsules ” of civilization tourers brush and the day-to-day lives of the people populating in the finish. Chapter Three focal points on metropoliss, but besides includes a subdivision about “ the selling of topographic point. ” Chapter Five discusses the construct of “ heritage, ” every bit good as its societal and politico-economic relevancy. Other chapters discuss issues such as “ theming civilization, ” and the relationships between art, civilization, and individuality.

Hendry, Joy. Reclaiming Culture: Autochthonal Peoples and Self-Representation. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005. ( Accessed through eBrary on 27 October 2010. )

This book begins with a thoughtful treatment of nomenclature – should the footings Aboriginal, autochthonal, etc. , be used? If so, should they be capitalized? While each writer, and even each group of people referenced, are certain to hold their ain sentiments on this, it is utile for my intents to read about the idea processes behind the choice and skip of footings, as it ‘s something I ‘ll hold to turn to in my ain paper.

This treatment of footings, nevertheless, is far from being the lone utile penetration I ‘ve found in this book. It besides discusses what the writer refers to as “ Aboriginal Tourism, ” and the elusiveness of genuineness. There are rather a few interesting anecdotes exemplifying displacements in the relationship between people and civilization.

Not merely is this book relevant to my research, it is besides written really clearly and is gratifying to read.

Taylor, Nora A. , and Hjorleifur Jonsson. “ Other Attractions in Vietnam. ” Asiatic Ethnicity 3.2 ( 2002 ), 233-248. ( Accessed through Ebsco Host on 28 October 2010. )

This paper discusses the significance of ocular markers denoting cultural difference in the context of both political propaganda and touristry. For illustration, the Vietnamese authorities uses postings, casts, and other graphics to portray the Vietnamese people as members of a harmoniously incorporate state. These portraitures frequently include people dressed in the “ traditional ” vesture of upland cultural minorities. The writers of this paper trace the development of post-colonial cultural individualities through colonisation by the Gallic and the Vietnam War. Particular attending is given to propaganda postings.

The concluding part of the article discusses the comparatively recent popularity of cultural minority vesture, and the perceived contrast between the “ traditional ” and the “ modern ” that it carries. It ‘s an interesting treatment about the coaction between the province, cultural minority groups, and international tourers in making minority cultural individuality.

This article appears to be good researched and should be utile in informing my ain treatment about the individuality of cultural minorities engaged in touristic trade.


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