April 17, 2017
Ahouseis abuildingthat functions as ahome, ranging from simpledwellingssuch as rudimentaryhutsofnomadic tribesand the improvisedshacksinshantytownsto complex, fixed structures of wood, brick, concrete or other materials containing plumbing, ventilation and electrical systems.Houses use a range of differentroofingsystems to keep precipitation such as rain from getting into the dwelling space. Houses may havedoorsorlocksto secure the dwelling space and protect its inhabitants and contents from burglars or other trespassers. Most conventional modern houses in Western cultures will contain one or morebedroomsandbathrooms, akitchenor cooking area, and aliving room. A house may have a separatedining room, or the eating area may be integrated into another room. Some large houses in North America have arecreation room. In traditional agriculture-oriented societies,domestic animalssuch as chickens or larger livestock (like cattle) may share part of the house with humans. The social unit that lives in a house is known as ahousehold.
Most commonly, a household is afamilyunit of some kind, although households may also be othersocial groups, such asroommatesor, in arooming house, unconnected individuals. Some houses only have a dwelling space for one family or similar-sized group; larger houses calledtownhousesorrow housesmay contain numerous family dwellings in the same structure. A house may be accompanied byoutbuildings, such as agaragefor vehicles or ashedfor gardening equipment and tools. A house may have a backyard or frontyard, which serve as additional areas where inhabitants can relax or eat.