Should Steroids be Allowed in Sports No, steroids should not be allowed in sports. It seems that the use of steroids in sports should be allowed. According to Saculescu, Foddy, and Clayton the legalization of performance enhancing drugs in sports would be fairer and safer. One of the drugs used in sports, erythropoietin (EPO), is a growth hormone and found naturally in the body (Clyaton et. al). These drugs are also so advanced that they can actually mimic certain natural processes which make them harder to be detected.
One of the biggest discussions on this subject is the topic of heating. But as people have created sports, they also create the rules and decide what is classified as cheating. So if the use of steroids became legal it would no longer be considered cheating. Saculescu et al. believe that the use of steroids would level the playing field by making them less of a “genetic lottery’. They also believe that sports would become safer because they could test the athletes for the drugs but instead of banning them completely, they could be restricted to a certain limit.
This limit of course would create fairness throughout the athletes as well as making ure the athletes are only using a healthy amount. Norman Fost believes that steroids should be allowed in sports. The reasons that Fost gives go against what someone might say if they think that steroids should not be allowed. He believes that there is no valid argument to support the view of steroids being unfair. If steroids gave the athletes an unfair advantage then so does coaching and training (Fost). There are many things other than steroids that lead to unfair advantages, such as access to equipment, facilities, and even genetic makeup.
Fost also makes the argument that there are much more dangerous things that are llowed in sports, including the sport itself. If some behaviors that have health risks are illegal then they all should be. Fost provides the example of eating marbled meat or ice cream pie every day. Both of these examples have high health risks but are not restricted or considered illegal. Also steroids are considered “low on the list of drugs and diets that cause serious harm”. It seems that steroid use should be allowed in sports according to Robert Simon. if they were legalized.
It is clear that although steroids are illegal they are still being used. If steroids are being used and are illegal then only some athletes have access to these performance enhancing drugs therefore creating an unfair advantage. However, if steroids were monitored and available to all athletes then it would level the playing field to a certain extent. There are so many other factors that are involved in an athlete’s success, for example equipment, training, background, genetics, coaching, and diet (Simon). Simon believes that there is not enough support to claim steroid use as unfair.
And only if there is proof provided as to why the disadvantages f steroids outweigh the advantages then it should not be allowed. On the contrary, it seems that steroid use in sports should not be allowed. The Science Newsletter reviews the health risks of steroid use which make them unsafe and reasoning as to why they should remain illegal. Research has been found to support that prolonged use of steroids prohibits the proper function of the adrenal glands (Dangers of Steroid Use). It has also been found that peptic ulcers can be formed from over dosage of steroids.
Also the use of steroids is dangerous because the human body an develop an addiction to the steroids and will alter the bodys natural performance without them. Overall according to the Science Newsletter the risks of steroid use greatly outweigh the benefits. According to Thomas Murray, the use of steroids in sports should not be allowed. One of the points of his argument is that steroids make sports unfair. If only some athletes choose to use steroids this gives them a great advantage over those who choose not to add these drugs to their bodies (Murray).
Also those who chose not to use can be pressured to use to keep up or esign because of the competitive disadvantage. Another factor that makes steroid use immoral is the risks of the drugs on the human body. There is a lack of scientific research on the risks of high-dose usage of steroids, along with prolonged use. Because of the lack of knowledge and the little research we do have support that steroids have a negative effect on the body. Some of the risks we have done research support a decrease in infertility, cholesterol build-up, and altered liver function (Murray). Steroids should not be allowed in sports.
Miller, Barnes, Sabo, Melnick, and Farrell view that steroids should remain banned and use sociological and psychological effects to defend their opinion. Based on a national study done on high school they examined the relationships in students among steroid use and other behavioral problems. They believe that the stereotype image of male athlete users is invalid and the results of the study support their claim. The results of the study showed that both female users and non-athletes also faced elevated risks of behavioral issues. The effect of steroid use increased other drug use, as well as other ealth compromising behavior. Barnes et al. ) Steroid use has also shown to increase mood swings, aggressive behavior, and depression. The common term of “roid-rage” refers to these psychological effects. It has been proven that steroids may increase your athletic ability but more importantly increase behavioral issues, which defends the reasoning of why steroids should not be allowed. I answer that steroids should not be allowed in sports. First of all, research studies and real life examples show the dangerous health risks of steroid use. Knut Jensen was the first athlete to die in the
Olympics because of performance enhancing drugs in 1960 (NBC). After Jensen’s use was researched and the results showed great effects. Steroid use affects the heart, blood, liver, skeleton, skin, immune system, and the psychological state of the user (NY Department of Health). Some of the more serious effects are impaired liver function, muscle strains/ruptures, peliosis hepatitis, obstructed blood vessels, and extremely aggressive or violent behavior. The health risks are part of the reason why steroid use became illegal in the first place and are a great reason as to why they hould continue to be banned.
Steroid use should not be allowed in sports because it will give some athletes an unfair advantage. If steroids do become legal in sports then it creates the issue of whether or not it is morally right to use these performance enhancers. This issue will split the athletes into users and non-users. The non-users will be at a disadvantage Just because they choose not to put their health at risk by taking steroids. The use of performance enhancers is considered cheating because it violates the rules of the sports (Fairchild).
It violates the rules ecause the athletes are voluntarily and deliberately using banned substances to get an advantage over their competition. If steroids become legal it also creates an unfair advantage because the more money an athlete has to spend on these drugs gives them an advantage over athletes who do not have as much money to spend. There are many reasons as to why steroids should not be used in sports, but the unfairness that they would create is definitely important in this debate. Lastly I answer that steroids should not be used in sports because they affect the integrity of the sports.
The old saying of, “It’s not whether you win or lose, it’s how you played the game” would no longer be true, because steroids would make the focus of the game only on winning (Ashby). The Olympics are a great example and promoter of the spirit of the game and are strongly against steroid use. The strict ban that the Olympics uphold has shown to make the games legitimate and fair. Sports should be about competition at an equal playing field, with respect for other players and the rules of the game and the use of steroids could affect this (Ashby). If steroids were allowed in ports it would not make the game safer or fairer.
It would not be safer because of the extreme health risks of steroids. Research has proven that steroids can cause serious illnesses such as cancer and impaired liver function (NY Department of Health). Steroids also do not make sports fairer because only some athletes will choose to use them. In result this will split the athletes into users and non-users creating a distinct difference in abilities. Fost argues that steroids are no different than athletes having different coaches or equipment. This belief is incorrect because oaches and equipment do not have the same health risks that steroids do.
Also steroids are very morally debated unlike coaches and equipment. Simon believes that the illegalization of steroids creates more unfairness than the legalization would (Simon). However, this is inaccurate because even if steroids were legalized there will still be athletes using and athletes not using steroids. “Anabolic Steroids and Sports: Winning at any Cost” (2010). New York State Health Department. Retrieved from: http://www. health. ny. gov/publications/1210/. Ashby, April. “Why Steroids Have no Place in Sports. (2010) Marquette University Law School.
Barnes, Grace M. , Farrell, Michael P. , Melnick, Merrill J. , Miller, Kathleen E. , Sabo, Donald F. “Anabolic-Androgenic Steroid Use and Other Adolescent Problem Behaviors” (2002), Sociological Perspectives, 45 (4) 467-489. Clayton, M. , Faddy, B. , Savulescu, J. “Why we Should Allow Performance Enhancing Drugs in Sport” (2004). British Journal of Sports Medicine 38(6) 666-670. Retrieved from: http:// bJsportmed. com/content/38/6/666. extract#cited-by. “Dangers of Steroid Use. ” The Science News-Letter. 81(25), 390. http://www. Jstor. org/stable/3944239.
Editorial: Drugs in Sport: A Philosophical Challenge” (2006). Philosophy, 81(318). Retrieved from: http://www. Jstor. org/stable/4127416. Fairchild, David. “Do Athletes Gain an Unfair Advantage by Using Performance Enhancing Drugs”. (1992) Sports and Drugs. Fost, Norman. “Should Performance Enhancing Drugs (Such as Steroids) Be Accepted in Sports? ” (2008). Sports and Drugs. Murray, Thomas H.. The Coercive Power of Drugs in Sports. The Hastings Center Report , Vol. 13, No. 4 (Aug. , 1983), pp. 24-30. National Broadcasting Corporation. “History of Performance Enhancing Drugs in Sports”. Sports and Drugs.