“ The Sun melts all of Moscow down to a individual topographic point that, like a huffy bass horn, starts all of the bosom and all of the psyche vibrating. But no, this uniformity of ruddy is non the most beautiful hr. It is merely the concluding chord of a symphonic music that takes every colour to the zenith of life that, like the forte of a great orchestra, is both compelled and allowed by Moscow to pealing out, ” Wassily Kandinsky. The art of the twentieth century starts from Kandinsky ‘s abstract water-color pictures. He is the innovator in the motion to free art, the one whose plants sometimes look similar ravings of a lunatic.
For some people it is hard to understand what abstract art is, the beauty of non-objective picture. What is the significance of abstraction? From which angle they have to look at it to see and catch what the creative person was seeking to reproduce. What is that existent object they are mentioning to in their art? Why these plants strike involvement of art critics? What makes their work so interesting to the ordinary oculus? Wassily Kandinsky is perfect illustration to speak about this subject. He was the first to make a to the full abstract picture. His signifiers evolved from fluid and organic to geometric and, eventually, to pictographic ( e.g. , Tempered & A ; Eacute ; local area network, 1944 ) . But the chief part to art was his theory and research of colour and forms in art and its ‘ feeling. He strongly believed in integrity of art and nature. His Hagiographas about relationship between music and art are large piece for inspiration and proper account of abstract art. The work long considered indispensable to understanding the modern art. Besides must read manual of colour and form use for creative person, and for 1s who want to acquire into the enigma of Modern art and its sunglassess.
The narrative is about the individual who was n’t afraid of making new art. He took coppice in his manus without a fright to be judged. Nothing dumped his enthusiasm or art. At his 30 he was analyzing jurisprudence at the University of Moscow, and declined a chair to be able to travel and analyze picture. Because he wanted to talk to everyone thought picture. He had rebelled against the academy, was driven by hew thoughts, knightly phantasies and his universe full of signifiers, graphic colourss and agitation.
The new linguistic communication of art was created with combination and interaction of factors like the significance of the colour in art, synaesthesia, and the function of establishment in the originative procedure and other hidden information in art creative activity procedure.
Art critic and cultural observer Hilton Kramer one time called Kandinsky ‘s originative work as “ Fateful spring into abstraction ” . He published an article in New York Times at Kandinsky ‘s 100 old ages anniversary.
Wassily Kandinsky was one of the most advanced practicing creative persons and art theoreticians of the twentieth century. His accomplishments in hunt of a new signifier of look in picture, so a new construct of art in general, may still strike us as puzzling and volatile, as if based on no recognizable premiss.
He was born in Moscow on December 4th, 1866 in a tea merchandiser ‘s household. Subsequently his parents moved to Odessa and when Kandinsky was 5 old ages old they got divorced. The individual who took attention of him in this period was his aunt. She was the individual who gifted first water-colors to little Vasia. His parents seemingly could n’t take attention of him any longer. Shortly he started to go to private drawing and music lessons. He went to the authoritative grammar school in Odessa.
He discovered love to a form and colour. Once he said ‘Color is the keyboard, the eyes are the harmoniousnesss, and the psyche is the piano with many strings ‘ , his multilateral personality was deciding in his art success. Music influenced his work really much. He claimed that when he saw colour he heard music. There is a psychological term called ‘Synesthesia ‘ which explains this happening:
- Physiol. esthesis felt in one portion of the organic structure when another portion is stimulated
- Psychol. a procedure in which one type of stimulation produces a secondary, subjective esthesis, as when some colour evokes a specific odor ( Webster ‘s New World Dictionary ( EN-EN ) )
The five senses can hold ten possible synaesthetic couplings. That is really advantageous if you are an creative person, interior decorator, musician, architect, author, etc. Sensory association between colour and music was discovered and described before. Tocomposer Alexander Scriabin the key of F # major appeared violet in colour ( Myers, 1914 ) . Writer Vladimir Nabokov noted in his autobiography Speak, Memory ( Nabokov, 1947, p. 21 ) , ” [ T ] he long ”aaa ” of the English alphabet has for me the shade of weather-beaten wood, but a Gallic ”a ” evokes polished coal black. ”
A cellist and a fiddler since childhood, Kandinsky besides had a well-developed sense of music and much experience with it.
He explains in ”Reminiscences/Three Pictures ” that ”two events stamped my whole life and agitate me to the deepnesss of my being ” ( Kandinsky, 1913, p. 363 ) . The first was when sing an exhibition of Gallic Impressionists in Moscow in 1896, where a Monet Haystack picture led him to the realisation that a image can keep a spectator ‘s attending even if the topic can non be instantly recognized. In Monet ‘s pictures the capable affair played a secondary function to colour.
The 2nd critical event was a public presentation of Richard Wagner ‘s Lohengrin in Moscow, besides in 1896. He explained this: “ The fiddles, the deep tones of the basses, and particularly the air current instruments at that clip embodied for me all the power of that prenocturnal hr. I saw all my colourss in my head ; they stood before my eyes. Wild, about brainsick lines were sketched in forepart of me. ” ( Kandinsky, 1913, p. 364 ) . Music is free from the materiality of the universe thought Kandinsky, all right art should be same manner concluded so.
Like Ludwig Tieck ( d.1853 ) who was really much influenced by Wagner wrote: “ For every lovely picture, there is without uncertainty a complimentary piece of music and the two together have but one psyche. ”
At his clip, at the beginning of the twentieth century, people were interested in synaesthesia a batch. And Kandinsky and his group were at the underside of this involvement. In his book he describes several exercisings one could make to heighten synaesthesia.
He studied jurisprudence and economic sciences at the University of Moscow, because his parents wished him to. Bing creative person in that clip in Russia considered to be inadmissible luxury. In 1889 went to expedition to Volga. There he was strongly impressed by Northern Russia common people art, by the interior ornaments of the small town houses.
In 1892 he got married his cousin Anya Chimiakin.
In 1895 Kandinsky attended a Gallic Impressionist exhibition where he saw Monet ‘s Haystacks at Giverny. He stated, “ It was from the catalog I learned this was a hayrick. I was upset I had non recognized it. I besides thought the painter had no right to paint in such an imprecise manner. Dimly I was cognizant excessively that the object did non look in the image… ”
In 1896 a new period of his life started, at his age 30 he moved to Munich. To the vivacious art centre at that clip, 2nd after Paris. He began his art surveies at Azbe ‘s art school. There he met the painters Alexis von Jawlensky and Marinne von Werefkin.
He was going a batch to happen his ain manner. His first plants there were sudden, unexpected. He was inspired by assortment of subjects – Old Russians, knights, oriental. Fairy narrative and world comes across in his early plants. That explains his love to folk art.
He was working in Impressionistic mode. Kandinsky gained inspiration from Monet & A ; Blavatsky. He had passion for the cosmetic effects of Art Nouveau ( called Jugendstil in Germany ) , for the point technique of Neo-Impressionism ( or Pointillism ) , and by the strong, unrealistic colour of cardinal European Expressionism. His early plants were impressed by Fauvist pallet. And subsequently he went to pure abstraction. He was interested in Theosophical theory which influenced his usage of circles, trigons, and squares.
“ The German faery narratives, which I frequently heard as a kid, came alive. The high, narrow roofs, which are now gone from Promenadenplatz and Maximilianplatz in old Aswabing, and peculiarly the hayfield which I one time discovered rather by accident, transformed these fairy narratives into world. The bluish ropeway moved through the streets like the incarnation of the air of faery narratives that made take a breathing easy and joyful. The xanthous boxes on the corners sang their canary vocals. I welcomed the mark “ Kunctmuhle ” and felt that I was in a metropolis of art, which meant the same to me as a fairy narrative metropolis. The medieval pictures that I subsequently painted were inspired by these feelings ” – Wassily Kandinsky.
He became bemused with Jugendsil ‘s art after sing the exhibition of the “ Munich Sezession ” . 1898 Applied unsuccessfully to analyze with Franz von Stuck at the Munich Academy of Art.
Subsequently in 1900 got to the academy, where he studied with Paul Klee. With Klee they became good friends. They showed consideration for each other ‘s artistic rules. They were impacting each other ‘s originative plants. Klee ‘s experimentations reflected on Kandinsky ‘s canvases. Klee considered Kandinsky as his wise man. And Kandinsky ‘s work inspired Klee ‘s pallet.
Kandinsky about apprehension of art
Kandinsky is art theoretician and moralist. He wanted to be artist whole his life tills his 30 as we writes in his memories book. The most hard portion was to wrestle with himself and his love to picture. At his 30 he came up with thought to make it now or ne’er think about it once more. And he realized at that clip that he is mentally developed plenty, he felt his artistic potencies and has right to get down to make art. That is why he went to Munich, to the 1 of the best known and respected in Russia that clip art school. It is non merely the topographic point where he made his very foremost pieces, he wrote there foremost critical essays.
In 1901 unknown at that clip creative person entered into newspaper contention with M.Nordaw and L.N.Tolstoy reasoning about necessity of new art. The art that you need to believe if you want to understand it. Almost everyone, every sensitive individual can appreciate at the true value of beauty. But add to this grasp component of slowness and apprehension is hard undertaking. The undertaking that you can work out merely if will cognize plenty about art and if you would wish to believe and analyse it.
Since that clip he started to work on developing new art. By 1910 his ideas took a form of theory. Harmonizing to Kandinsky the image is the contemplation of emotions of creative person ‘s psyche somehow should present message through abstract content. And merely proper forms and colourss can supply that connexion.
1896 – 1911 The Munich period. When Kandinsky arrived to Munich the metropolis was a widely distributed topographic point of art. Lots of waies were traveling on there. “ Munich Secession ” was founded in 1892 which was turning the watercourse of art to the different inclination. Naturalistic school that Kandinsky studied in Russia became old and useless. Kandinsky had to analyze once more to be up-to-date. He went to Anton Azbe ‘s Art School for two old ages. Under Azbe Kandinsky was pulling in Impressionist manner. It was Azbe who taught him to utilize pure, plain colourss, the technique that Kandinsky used in his ulterior landscapes.
He hated anatomy categories with Professor Louis Moilliet. Because he was non basking that building of the figures, he was painting them in his manner. Professor surely was non happy with it. Students were naming him “ colourss ” or even deserving “ landscape painter ‘ . That clip made one measure to the nonliteral art, but did non recognize it that clip. He had an thought that anatomy and art are two different universes or at least they can populate apart.
He was go toing Franz von Stucks ‘ lessons, where Stuck accepted him to better accomplishments, after his fail at the entryway scrutiny to the Academy. He was taught to transport out the composing of a motive.
By 1910 he mould out of himself competent professional creative person with a sheepskin and was in now with modern tendencies. Kandinsky produced first abstract water-color, his Composition I hypothetical survey for the 1913 Composition VII. Time passed and now his pictures started to lose connection. Horse ‘s leg is now apart from the Equus caballus and looks more like a bold line. Painting mutated to aquarium with several of set and curving line and musca volitanss swimming in it. Image splits into beds: contours and colour musca volitanss are on the different floors.
Der Blaue Reiter ( The Blue Rider ; 1911-14 ) group of the German Expressionists
The Blue Rider is the art motion created for emancipation of art. The expressionists who wanted to show their feelings on a canvas through colour. The chief characteristic which distinguished them from other expressionists is their work were contemplation of their emotions without any depressive temper.
The group was established in December 1911 in Munich an informally organized rival group by Wassily Kandinsky and Franc Marc, when they had an exhibition in Tan Hauser. The purpose was to alter the traditions of academic picture. They were non seeking to show the outward visual aspect they were interested in interior life of the objects. They believed in the hereafter of modern art. But the purposes and thoughts of the group somewhat differ from member to member. Possibly because the group consisted of assorted type of people. Besides creative persons there were music composers and terpsichoreans. The love to the Medieval, Naive Art and the art of their clip – Fauvism and Cubistic Art united all of them. Franz Marc, August Macke, Alexej von Jawlensky, Marianne von Werefkin, Gabriele M & A ; uuml ; nter, Lyonel Feininger, Albert Bloch, Paul Klee were celebrated members of the group.
Each individual has his ain perceptual experience of world that should be combined by the usage of art. The thought of perceptual experience of art theoretically was founded by Kandinsky. Kandinsky was ‘Ideas Generator ‘ of the group. The group sought to accomplish equality of any signifier of art.
Almanac conceived in June 1911, Der Blaue Reiter Almanach ( The Blue Rider Almanac ) was published in early 1912, by Piper, Munich, in an edition of 1100 transcripts ; on 11 May, Franz Marc received a first print. In farmer’s calendar were referenced antediluvian and crude art, tonss of illustrations by kids that were examined as a piece of art. August Macke considered kids as great Godheads because they can show their fillings and emotions better that any follower or Grecian Ideal does.
The contents of the Almanac included:
- Marc ‘s essay “ Religious Treasures, ” illustrated with kids ‘s drawings, German wood engravings, Chinese pictures, and Pablo Picasso ‘s Woman with Mandolin at the Piano
- an article by Gallic critic Roger Allard on Cubism
- Arnold Schoenberg ‘s article “ The Relationship to the Text ” , and a autotype of his vocal “ Herzgew & A ; auml ; chse ”
- autotypes of song scenes by Alban Berg and Anton Webern
- Thomas de Hartmann ‘s essay “ Anarchy in Music ”
- an article about Alexander Scriabin ‘s Prometheus: The Poem of Fire
- an article by Erwin von Busse on Robert Delaunay, illustrated with a print of his The Window on the City
- Macke ‘s essay “ Masks ”
- Kandinsky ‘s essay “ On the Question of Form ”
- Kandinsky ‘s “ On Phase Composition ”
- Kandinsky ‘s The Yellow Sound.
The 2nd issue of Almanac was published in 1914. It was the last issue, non merely war prevented to maintain publication it, but development of creative person ‘s originative heads. Since 1912 Kandinsky, Marc and Macke found their ain manner.
Originally group was called after Kandinsky ‘s work “ The Blue Rider ” , a precursor painting from 1903. The rider is a metaphor for the creative person for Kandinsky. “ The Equus caballus carries the rider with strength and velocity. But it is the rider who guides the Equus caballus. Talent will convey an creative person to great highs with strength and velocity. But it is the creative person who directs his ain endowment. ” ( Reminiscences ) .
On the ” Almanach Der Blaue Reiter [ Blue Rider Almanac ] ” , 1911 we can see the Equus caballus rider on his manner to art. Way far from it, we can detect the distance that separates them. On the “ Impression V ( Park ) ” , 1911 Kandinsky made a farther measure to abstraction so his Equus caballus rider in blue did.
Kandinsky explains the beginning of the name of the group in humourous manner. He says that they came up with this thought with Mark, when they were sitting on the java tabular array in Zinzendorf. Mark loved Equus caballuss, Kandinsky loved riders and they both loved blue!
Blue for Kandinsky is the colour of spiritualty. The darker the blue, the more it awakes human for the eternal.
Kandinsky suggested new reading on colour symbolism. Color connected with the religious universe in abstract art a batch believed Kandinsky. The first effort to understand the abstract art is to understand the significance on individual colourss. By Kandinsky blue is like sky, is mysterious ; white is silence ; yellow is colour of Earth ; green is indifference, it does n’t excite any feelings, ever immoveable ; black is the terminal of everything, the terminal that will come after melting the Sun ; and ruddy is an anxiousness. The painter thought that colourss should pull witnesss but should n’t open genuinely significance of the picture. The chief thought on his canvas is that he refused to paint any topic signifiers, but he was showing them through colour musca volitanss quiver.
“ Color is the keyboard, the eyes are the harmoniousnesss, and the psyche is the piano with many strings ” – Kandinsky used colour in a extremely theoretical manner tie ining tone with timber ( the sound ‘s character ) , chromaticity with pitch, and impregnation with the volume of sound.
Refering the Spiritual in Art
In his celebrated 1912 essay Refering the Spiritual in Art he explained how he associated certain colourss with peculiar instruments. He associates xanthous with the sound of the cornet, ruddy with the bass horn or kettle membranophone and blue with the cello, bass fiddle or organ.
John Ferren was interested in the religious, nonnatural and natural universe and studied Zen Buddhism and Taoism. He was inspired by Kandinsky ‘s work and Hagiographas. He was an Ussher for the Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra and thought that abstract art could pass on originative emotion better than representational art.
Abraham Walkowitz besides was profoundly influenced by Kandinsky. Since he met Isadora Duncan in Auguste Rodin ‘s studio she became his Muse. He produced more than 5, 000 drawings of her. He is a representation of modern art innovators in America. For long clip the clime for modern art in America was rough. He started with portrayals and developed his art into simple curving lyrical lines with musical mentions. He was stating: “ Abstract art… is a cosmopolitan linguistic communication, and dwells in the kingdom of music with tantamount emotion. Its tune is attuned to the receptive oculus as music is to the ear. ”
Perfect composing in any art could be built on the same rules writes he in the book. Weather it is a theatre or abstract oil picture, it affects same manner to human being. Harmonizing to Kandinsky one of the composing elements has to be dominant, either music or abstract form ( colour ) . They ca n’t reiterate each other because they are all has one intent. Guided by integrity of human psyche with sense variety meats Kandinsky built comparing non merely between colourss and senses, colourss and symbols, colourss and timbers, but besides between colourss and temperature qualities, colourss and different sorts of motion. Those his synaesthetic constructs could be found in a chapter called “ Color linguistic communication ” .
Have you of all time tried to listen to oil painting symphonic music? Or to believe which colour is sound of fiddle, cornet or bassoon?
1913 Composition IV and Composition III.
In 1914 when he was in Switzerland Kandinsky started to work on new book ‘Point and line to plane ‘ . He will complete and print it merely twenty old ages subsequently.
In 1916 he returned to Russia because of the World War First. There he cooperated with ISO of Narkompros ( People ‘s Committee of Education ) in the field of art preparation and museum reform. He opened twenty two museums and founded Academy of Arts and Sciences and became its frailty president.
In 1917 Kandinsky married Nina Andreevsky who will give a birth to his boy, Vsevdod. Vsevdod died in 1920.
1920 Kandinsky became co-founder of INChUK ( Institute for Artistic Culture ) . He designed a particular course of study for Institute for Artistic Culture, based on the analysis of colour and signifier, developing the thoughts stated in On the Spiritual in Art. But his sentiment was difficult to understand to people who lived their life merely in realistic academic ordinances. This gave a rise to his incitation to go forth Russia, and after decease of Vsevolod he left Russia in December 1921. Socialist political orientation predominated and set away Kandinsky ‘s ‘ plants for long clip.
“ Merely because an artist utilizations ‘abstract ‘ methods, it does non intend that he is an ‘abstract ‘ creative person. It does n’t even intend that he is an creative person. Merely as there are adequate dead trigons ( be they white or green ) , there are merely as many dead cocks, dead Equus caballuss or dead guitars. One can merely as easy be a “ realist academic ” as an “ abstract academic ” . A signifier without content is non a manus, merely an empty baseball mitt full of air ” .
1922 Moved to Weimar and started to learn at the Bauhaus. He was exhibited and lectured in USA. He created range in phantasy Small universes.
Kleine Welten ( Small universes )
In 1922 Kandinsky published by Bauhaus in limited edition a portfolio of 12 in writing works entitled Kleine Welten ( Small universes ) for Propylaen Publishers. He produced the series consists of 12 prints in a few hebdomads. Surprisingly each work has its ain personality. Work has short debut, where Kandinsky stated that he divided them into three groups. Four lithographs in colour ; four wood engravings, two of them in colour ; and four etchings incorporating a assortment of techniques and composings. Each group is single character which is made of its ain ‘small universes ‘ . Viewer can come in different environments created by the signifiers and sounds. The six of plants are black and white because they supplement themselves. Rest six requires sound, which means colour concomitant. Each of work was created to impact to the spectator mentally, same manner as the music could impact to imaginativeness. He was meticulous while making the work. He used semitransparent inks to make exact sound. Unfortunately our coevals ca n’t detect them every bit sensitive to light colourss have faded clip passed by.
1925 Second period of his life in the Bauhaus, Bauhaus moved to Dessau. He was highly productive these old ages in Weimar. Between 1926 and 1933 Kandinsky painted 159 oils and 300 H2O colourss. “ Cold romanticism ” in Kandinsky ‘s originative work began with “ Yellow-Red-Blue ” .“ A circle, which I use late so frequently, could non be called otherwise but romantic. And the present twenty-four hours romanticism is basically deeper, more beautiful, more significant and more good – it is a piece of ice, in which fire is firing. And if people feel merely cold and do non experience fire – so much the worse for them… ” At that period he created “ Red Spot II ” . This period of his creativeness called “ Cold romanticism ” where he explored the colour three of yellow-blue-red chiefly and many others. Color gamma in his pictures was cool and he objects were focused on a circle.
1926 “ Point and line to plane ” 2nd of import theoretical work.
‘Point and line to plane ‘
The book is about theory of impact between point, line, circle, square and their combination. He presented his thoughts in 1926 in ‘Point and line to plane ‘ in Germany.
In 1922 Walter Gropius the laminitis of the Bauhaus called on Kandinsky to learn the pupils at the Bauhaus in Weimar. The new art college, that was founded to learn new free art. Which unites all right and applied humanistic disciplines in modern-day work.
He had a opportunity and clip to develop his thoughts while learning a class about signifier for which Klee was besides engaged. In the Bauhaus he continued to research abstract art. Formal, geometrical and relationship between colour and their consequence on human emotions. Kandinsky popularized cardinal rules of ocular art, without which the new, modern, abstract creative person can non make. His pictures were consequently marked by this logic and asceticism.
You can name this book ‘Art doing manual ‘ it will fit it a batch. In ‘Point and line to plane ‘ Kandinsky stressed strongly the function of establishment in the originative procedure.
In the Intro he explains externally or inwardly manner of interact. Each phenomenon could be experienced two ways: externally or inside. For case when you are detecting street through the window the sounds are smothering, motions are more like apparitions and street itself is beyond. If door is unfastened you are dunking into street atmosphere, experiencing its life. Your feelings about the same street are different now. Different colourss, tones, lines and sounds.
He explains the point as the first consequence of hit paper and pencil. Form of the point decidedly depends on its outer boundary lines, they define its signifier. In the world point could take any sort of form. Its perimeter could hold crisp or obtuse, little or large dentitions.
The significance of the point: Point has no motion, it is traveling neither vertically nor horizontally. Indicate dressed ores all attending on itself, it is really condensed signifier.
The inquiry is if merely one point is adequate to see work as piece of art…
Form is non the most of import thing, but instead the content concludes Kandinsky. Form could hold positive or negative qualities ‘ , it ca n’t in-between. “ Necessity creates the signifier ” said he, consequences from this that signifier is nil without thought. It is like a chameleon changes its colour. Chameleon did n’t alter its form. The signifier bears the signifier of personality. No 1 should see: “ This signifier is, or ought to be the best for all. Here besides full freedom shall predominate: one shall see valid every signifier, deem right ( artistic ) every signifier, which represents an interior content ” concluded Kandinsky. In decision the whole point is, that the religious content or kernel makes sense, nil else does. “ Greater the era is – that is, the greater ( quantitatively and qualitatively ) the nisuss toward the spiritual are – the richer in figure the signifiers become ” .
This survey was basically new and many people took it as mystical and symbolist theory. Herbert Bayer ‘s design for the stairway in Bauhaus is applicable to this system.
1928 Made “ Pictures at the exhibition ” the public presentation that includes Mussorgsky ‘s music with Kandinsky ‘s work as a background at Friedrich Theater in Dessau.
1930 P. Schultze-Naumburg removed Kandinsky, Klee and Schlemmer ‘s plants from the museum in Weimar.
1932 The Bauhaus moved to Berlin.
1933 Bauhaus is closed. Kandinsky moved to Paris and spent ten the most the most hard old ages of his full calling at that place from 1934 boulder clay 1944. Impressionism and Cubism held whole Paris. Abstract art was n’t recognized in France yet. Kandinsky was lonely with his art. Yet he remained productive, the pictures from these ulterior old ages were once more the topic of contention. Though out of favour with many of the patriarchs of Paris ‘s artistic community, younger creative persons admired Kandinsky. In Parisian period he painted 144 images and over two 100 water-colors and gouaches where geometrical signifiers interlaced even sometimes gave manner to biomorphic forms. Floating biomorphic elements felt unconstrained on his canvas. His pictures from Gallic period were far from his “ Cold romanticism ” of old old ages. Plants are full of life. “ Truly a picturesque fairy narrative ” – was precisely what he said about this period of his originative life. Phantasmagoric influence is easy noticeable. That is non intelligence because he was friendly with Joan Mir & A ; oacute ; and Jean Arp.
Because of the war crisis and deficit of stuffs his canvases became smaller and smaller, until that minute when painter could bask painting on piece of paper with gauche colourss.
1939 Composition X, his last large work.
1944 Kandinsky passed at the age of 78.
Researching Kandinsky ‘s work made me experience like I have to research colour theory more. I remember when I read account of abstract art at first it made me experience like I was daft as a coppice. I have spent about a month reading, researching and analysing his plants. Because it is gripping experience to eventually understand all right art and clip passing by start to adore rectangles and lines on a plane canvas. Simple geometrical signifiers colored in field colour that as I was believing before: “ Apparently did n’t take long to convey on canvas ” .
Study and comparing three important periods of his life and work in Munich, Russia, and Paris was the most exciting portion of my research. Watching development of his creativeness is like a large lesson about modern art. Teaching that it is non merely a motion, it is important measure frontward in humanistic disciplines. Emotions on each of his pictures are straight relative to his apprehension of controversial theories. “ Each age has its particularly assigned undertaking, the disclosure possible at a specific age. The contemplation of this temporal component is recognized in the work as Style. All these three elements necessarily leave their cast on a work of art ” – Kandinsky.
( Here goes a Timeline of his pictures )
In Composition IV Wassily Kandinsky started from existent universe and went to geometrical signifiers while creative activity procedure. Composition IV is oil painting on a canvas from 1911. It is kept in Kunstsammung Nordrhein-Westfallen, Dusseldorf in Germany. However study for Composition IV attracts me more. It is kept in Teit Weylandt Image Gallery in London. This image is besides known as “ Cossacks ” . Cossacks were members of military communities in Russia. They have Slavic beginnings.
Kandinsky created “ Cossacks ” while his hunt of new linguistic communication with which he could show new vision, experiencing comparative with feeling of music.
The riders on the image are considered to be Cossacks as a symbol of crisp struggle leaded painter to the perceptual experience of world. We can see on the image two of them contending on their Equus caballuss. We can acknowledge them contending in ruddy chapeaus, xanthous mittens and with crisp sabres on the white Equus caballuss. Interwoven black lines are Equus caballuss ‘ legs. This gives us a feeling of abstraction and crisp lines dynamic dramatic scene. There is a rainbow under their organic structures. The rainbow forms a route that leads to the palace on a blue hill. Rainbow appears in Kandinsky ‘s plants rather frequently. There is a guess that rainbow symbolizes the span taking to Gods abode, to Valhalla. Blue colour of the palace symbolizes its connexion with Godhead.
On the right side there are three more Cossacks with their long spades and ruddy chapeaus. The zigzag shaped bluish lines on the top of the image represent bird flock. It is typical Kandinsky ‘s image. Bird flock has something in common with the conflict that appears in the halfway portion of the image. Connection between them doubles feeling of tenseness. He did n’t take to make full in the inside informations of the image. He wanted from audience to hip upon his thought. To follow one by one his account on the canvas.
Kandinsky helped lift Modern Art who wrote the linguistic communication of abstract signifiers. He remains one of the most good known and radical Russian creative person, and still really popular presents. If you are radical in any art seemingly you ever have to speak with your public. Because all new will raises uncertainties, arouse intuition and even in some instances rises protest. You have to turn out that you are right and your creative activity is non a error. His abstract art is non merely a picture. It is a written proves of art. Merely freedom of colourss and signifiers could organize the new art idea Kandinsky, could acquire in touch with psyche. In that instance medium is unlimited because sum of colourss, signifiers and their combinations are unbounded ( and its feeling to the audience excessively ) .
Kandinsky was working boulder clay the last twenty-four hours of his life. Staying to be follower of abstract art. The new art which he considered to be natural development of art development.
“ The circle, which I have been utilizing so frequently late, can sometimes merely be described as romantic. And the coming romanticism is so deep, beautiful, meaningful and joyful – it is a piece of ice with a fire combustion in it. If people merely sense the ice and non the fire, so it is all the worse for them… ” – said Kandinsky in 1925.
If you are interested in larning more about Kandinsky ‘s originative work Solomon Guggenheim museum is the best topographic point to see. Kandinsky is closely linked with Guggenheim museum. His works non merely stand for a portion of the nucleus and kernel of the aggregation, but besides helped to animate the creative activity of the edifice. Solomon Guggenheim is a millionaire, maker and aggregator of modern art who gathered immense aggregation of daring creative persons work. Admirer of Kandinsky ‘s art, creative person Hilla Rebay promoted Kandinsky to Solomon R. Guggenheim as his art advisor. She introduced Guggenheim to Kandinsky at Dessau Bauhaus in the summer of 1929. By 1937 his aggregation expanded so much he had to make a fund of his name and public gallery. Two twelvemonth subsequently Museum of Modern art located in a former car salon topographic point opened its doors for visitants, and was called the Museum of Non-Objective Painting in New York. However the aggregation was still turning until 1943 when Guggenheim offered to American designer Frank Lloyd Wright to make a new edifice for his museum. Write was in earnest about making this edifice. It took him 14 old ages to plan a museum. Construction started in 1957 and was finished in two old ages.
The meeting of constructs happened in this undertaking. At the first sight two creative persons followed different regulations in art. Kandinsky wanted to pull away creative person ‘s attending from nature. Frank Lloyd Write male parent of organic architecture who wanted to make as nature does, he wanted to come back to nature. Kandinsky as art theoretician considered continuously motion of art is from nature to spirit: from pragmatism to abstract art, as a manner to religious necessity. However besides this Kandinsky and Write ever insisted on religious importance and aesthetical experience of topic.
Recently The Guggenheim Museum celebrated its fiftieth-anniversary by exhibiting the biggest aggregation of Kandinsky ‘s work. In coaction with the Centre Pompidou in Paris, the St & A ; auml ; dtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus in Munich and private aggregations brought together about one 100 pictures dating from 1902 to 1942.
In 1979 the non-profit association Kandinsky society was founded by Nina Kandinsky. The society unites the managers of the three museums of Paris, Munich and New York. Claude Pompidou was the society ‘s president from 1979 to 2007. The society take panic of inviolability his work.
I would wish to complete my essay with Kandinsky ‘s quotation mark. That basically explains his thought “ A signifier without content is non a manus, merely an empty baseball mitt full of air. ”