Was Spencer ‘a quaint small town inexperienced person ‘ or one of the great British creative persons of the twentieth century?
The purpose of this thesis is to analyze the life and plants of creative person Stanley Spencer and reply the inquiry:Was Spencer ‘a quaint small town inexperienced person ‘ or one of the great British creative persons of the twentieth century?I shall implement a combination of methodological analysis ( following his life and art in episodic order ) , instance surveies ( a choice of his work throughout his calling ) , socio-historical probe of his life ( comparing Spencer to his equals ) and draw decisions based on my findings.
Stanley Spencer was born in the small town of Cookham, Berkshire on 30 June 1891. His male parent William was an organist and music instructor. At an early age he developed an involvement in art and was enrolled at the Maidenhead Technical Institute before go toing Slade School ( portion of University College London ) in 1908. Four old ages subsequently he exhibited his first pictureJohn Donne Arriving in Heaven.
The life that followed involved Spencer take parting in the First World War, acquiring married twice ( one time to a sapphic ) , acquiring divorced, begeting two girls, going an associate of the Royal Academy, being awarded the CBE and so having his knighthood. Throughout his life at that place remained two invariables ; his love of the small town of his birth, Cookham, and his love of picture.
Spencer’s love of the idyllic state life was apparent from his yearss at Slade School as the other pupils mocked him by naming him ‘Cookham’ due to the frequent narratives of his darling small town, and the fact that he returned home there every twenty-four hours. This small town label remained with him throughout his calling and long after his decease in 1959. In the reappraisal of his 2001 show at the Tate Britain, art aggregator and author Pernilla Holmes wrote that:“Spencer has often come across as a quaint small town inexperienced person, inextricably tied to small-town England.”Is this a true contemplation of the artist’s life and his plants? In this thesis I shall pull my ain decisions from my research.
The chapters in my thesis shall tag different phases of Spencer’s life, but each one will include the canvases that he painted at the clip:
Chapter One – Spencer at School
Having his early instruction in a shed at the underside of his garden with two of his sisters as instructors, the immature Spencer was taught traditional household values. His male parent was a musician and this helped the immature male child develop a love of the humanistic disciplines, something that blossomed with the aid of creative person Dorothy Bailey. Attending Slade School was an accomplishment in itself, but this was so eclipsed by his credence into the Royal Academy. In this chapter I shall look at the early influences on Spencer’s work and his societal development.
Chapter Two – Spencer at War
During the First World War Spencer enlisted in the Royal Army Medical Corps working as an orderly at Beaufort Hospital, Bristol from July 1915. In August 1916 he was posted to Macedonia before fall ining the Infantry in August 1917. During the war his pictures of societal pragmatism brought place the effects of conflict. When the Second World War began in 1939, the 47-year old painter was commissioned by the War Artists ‘ consultative commission to paint scenes of ship building at Lithgow ‘s pace, Port Glasgow to hike the nation’s morale.
Chapter Three – Spencer in Love
For a adult male that has been labelled a ‘village innocent’ , his love life is about phantasmagoric. He was married twice, one time to a tribade who threw him out of his house to populate with her lover. During his 2nd matrimony he had an matter with artist Daphne Charlton while remaining at her ( and her husband’s ) house. Spencer’s relationships are surely and interesting penetration into his work:“His find of sex, his matrimony to Hilda Carline, his polygamous desire for Patricia Preece, his divorce from Hilda, his feeling of awful loss over Hilda, his alienation from Patricia, his comparative poorness and homelessness ( houselessness ) – all of these precipitated crises of consciousness of a sort. ”Spencer ever painted portrayals of the people who meant most to him and it is fascinating to see how his vision changed non merely of his lovers, but besides of himself.
Chapter Four – Spencer at the Palace
Sir Stanley Spencer CBE RA Hon. D. Litt. died in 1959 but non before his life was celebrated by assorted honours, the most important being his knighthood. This did non alter his personality and it was reported that, like most visionaries:“ … Spencer was besides a great British flake: when he was knighted by the Queen Mother, he took a bottle of milk and some Tate & A ; Lyle sugar regular hexahedrons in a fictile bag with him for tea.”This chapter will look at the manner Spencer was perceived by his populace.
Chapter Five – Spencer: Village Innocent or Avant-garde Genius?
By composing about each period of his life I hope that I have presented his work, his ideas and his personality plenty to reply the titular inquiry ; small town inexperienced person orvanguardmastermind?
I shall be be aftering to finish this thesis over three periods. Period one will be the clip I spend sourcing the capable affair. This will take topographic point in libraries, galleries, on the cyberspace and a trip to Spencer’s place small town of Cookham ( to the Stanley Spencer Museum ) . After bite of the information I shall travel onto period two ; this will affect reading every bit much as information as possible and screening the notes into the corresponding chapters. The concluding period will be really composing the thesis until I am happy that I can reply the inquiry.
For my research I shall be sourcing assorted books that deal with Stanley Spencer, his plants, his life and his relationships. The bibliography below lists some of the books I shall necessitate to finish this thesis:
Alison, Jane [ erectile dysfunction. ] ( 1991 ) StanleySpencer: The Apotheosis of LoveArt Books International
Bell, Keith ( 1993 )Stanley Spencer: A Complete Catalogue of the WorksHarry N. Abrams
Carline, Richard ( 1978 )Stanley Spencer at WarFaber and Faber
Cawthorne, Nigel ( 2004 )Sexual activity Lifes of the Great ArtistsPrion Books Ltd
Christian, John [ erectile dysfunction. ] ( 1998 )The Last Romantics: Romantic Tradition in British Art – Burne-Jones to Stanley SpencerLund Humphries
Collis, Louise ( 1972 )A Private View of Stanley SpencerHeinemann
Collis, Maurice ( 1962 )Stanley Spencer: A BiographyHarvill
Cooper, Emmanuelle ( 1994 )The Sexual Position: Homosexuality and Art in the Last 100 Old ages in the WestRoutledge
Glew, Adrian, ( 2001 )Stanley Spencer, Letters and Writings,
Gogarty, Paul ( 2003 )The Water Road: An Odyssey by Narrowboat Through England ‘s WaterwaiesRobson Books Ltd
Gough, Paul ( 2006 )Stanley Spencer: Journey to BurghclereSansom & A ; Company
Hauser, Kitty ( 2001 )Stanley SpencerPrinceton University Press
Hyman, Timothy & A ; Wright, Patrick [ explosive detection systems. ] ( 2001 )Stanley SpencerTate Publication
Hayes, Colin ( 1964 )The Scrapbook drawings of Stanley SpencerLion & A ; Unicorn
Small, Frank & A ; Patrizio A. , ( 1994 )Polling the Clyde ; Stanley Spencer & A ; the ShipyardsGlasgow Museums
Lofthouse, Richard A. ( 2005 )Vitalism in Modern Art C 1900-1950: Otto Dix, Stanley Spencer, Max Beckmann and Jacob EpsteinEdwin Mellen Press
MacCarthy, Fiona Stanley ( 1998 )Spencer: An English VisionYale University Press
Neale, Hannah ( 2002 )Stanley Spencer: Love, Desire, FaithAbbot Hall Art Gallery
Nesbitt, Judith ( 1992 )Stanley Spencer: A Kind of HeavenTate Publication
Pople, Kenneth ( 1996 )Stanley Spencer: A LifeHarperCollins
Pryor, William [ erectile dysfunction. ] ( 2006 )Cookham and Gwen: The Complete Correspondence Between Sir Stanley Spencer and Gwen RaveratClear Press Ltd
Rapport, Nigel ( 2003 )I Am Dynamite: An Andean Anthropology of PowerRoutledge
Roberts, Miquette ( 2001 )Stanley Spencer – Notes for TeachersTate Publication
Robinson, Duncan ( 1990 )Stanley SpencerPhaidon Press
Rothenstein, Elizabeth ( 1962 )Stanley SpencerBeaverbrook Newspapers
Rothenstein, Sir John [ erectile dysfunction. ] ( 1979 )Stanley Spencer the Man: Correspondence and ReminiscencesElek
Spencer, Gilbert ( 1991 )Stanley Spencer by his Brother GilbertRedcliffe Press
Spencer, Stanley ( 2001 )Stanley Spencer: Letterss and HagiographasTate Publication
Spencer, Stanley ( 2002 )Work force of the Clyde: Stanley Spencer ‘s Vision at Port GlasgowNational Galleries of Scotland
Spencer, Stanley ( 1983 )A Chatto & A ; Windus AlmanackChatto & A ; Windus
Thomas, Alison & A ; Wilcox, Timothy [ explosive detection systems. ] ( 1999 )Hilda Carline: The Real Mrs. StanleySpencerLund Humphries
Wilenski, Reginald Howard ( 1951 )Stanley Spencer: Resurrection PicturesFabe