Atmosphere of Earth is a bed of gases environing the planet Earth that is retained by Earth’s gravitation. The ambiance protects life on Earth by absorbing ultraviolet solar radiation. A. Nitrogen – 78 % – Dilutes O and prevents rapid combustion at the earth’s surface. Populating things need it to do proteins. Nitrogen can non be used straight from the air. The Nitrogen Cycle is nature’s manner of providing the needed N for populating things. B. Oxygen – 21 % – Used by all living things. Essential for respiration. It is necessary for burning or combustion. C. Argon – 0. 9 % – Used in light bulbs.
D. Carbon Dioxide – 0. 03 % – Plants use it to do O. Acts as a cover and prevents the flight of heat into outer infinite. Scientists are afraid that the buring of fossil fuels such as coal and oil are adding more C dioxide to the ambiance. E. Water Vapor – 0. 0 to 4. 0 % – Essential for life procedures. Besides prevents heat loss from the Earth. F. Trace gases – gases found merely in really little sums. They include neon. He. Kr. and xenon. Layers of Atmosphere
This is the bed of the atmosphere closest to the Earth’s surface. widening up to about 10-15 kilometers above the Earth’s surface. It contains 75 % of the atmosphere’s mass. The troposphere is wider at the equator than at the poles. Temperature and force per unit area beads as you go higher up the troposphere. Q: Why is the troposphere wider at the equator than at the poles?
The Tropopause: At the really top of the troposphere is the tropopause where the temperature reaches a ( stable ) lower limit. Some scientists call the tropopause a “thermal layer” or “cold trap” because this is a point where lifting H2O vapors can non travel higher because it changes into ice and is trapped. If there is no cold trap. Earth would free all its H2O! Most of what we call upwind occurs in the troposphere. The uneven warming of the parts of the troposphere by the Sun causes convection currents and air currents. Warm air from Earth’s surface rises and cold air above it rushes in to replace it. When warm air reaches the tropopause. it can non travel higher as the air above it ( in the stratosphere ) is warmer and lighter … forestalling much air convection beyond the tropopause. The tropopause acts like an unseeable barrier and is the ground why most clouds signifier and conditions phenomena occur within the troposphere. Stratosphere
This bed lies straight above the troposphere and is approximately 35 kilometers deep. It extends from approximately 15 to 50 kilometers above the Earth’s surface. The stratosphere is warmer at the top than the underside. The lower part has a about changeless temperature with tallness but in the upper part the temperature increases with height because of soaking up of sunshine by ozone. This temperature addition with height is the antonym of the state of affairs in the troposphere. MESOSPHERE
Directly above the stratosphere. widening from 50 to 80 kilometers above the Earth’s surface. the mesosphere is a cold bed where the temperature by and large decreases with increasing height. Here in the mesosphere. the ambiance is really rarified nevertheless midst plenty to decelerate down meteors hurtling into the ambiance. where they burn up. go forthing fiery trails in the dark sky. THERMOSPHERE
The thermosphere extends from 80 kilometers above the Earth’s surface to outer infinite. The temperature is hot and may be every bit high as 1000s of grades as the few molecules that are present in the thermosphere receive extraordinary big sums of energy from the Sun. However. the thermosphere would really experience really cold to us because of the chance that these few molecules will hit our tegument and reassign adequate energy to do appreciable heat is highly low. The thermosphere corresponds to the heterosphere. a zone where there is no unvarying distribution of gases. In other words. the gases are non well-mixed ; alternatively they are stratified that is layered. in conformity to their molecular multitudes. In contrast. the gases in the homosphere ( dwelling of the troposphere. stratosphere and mesosphere ) are uniformly distributed.