Australia is frequently seen as a successful multicultural state. Since 1945, around 7 million immigrants from over 150 states have settled in Australia. Besides, different faiths and civilizations are accepted, for illustration, Judaism and Islam. The authoritiess that have ruled this state since the first white colony in 1788, has passed statute laws and policies that support multiculturalism. However, Australia hasn’t ever been successful in multiculturalism. Not all people have had equal rights, for illustration, the right to vote and some authoritiess have non placed a big accent on multiculturalism.
Australia is one of the most multi-faith, multi-lingual and multi-cultural states in the universe. It is a diverse state that accepts people of different civilizations and faiths. With the increasing agitation in the universe, more and more guiltless citizens are flying from their war-worn states, to states where they will be accepted. Peoples risk their lives and sometimes pay big sums of money to come to a free and peaceable state that they can name place. Migrants come to states that have the capablenesss of assisting other states in times of hurt or demand and cognize that they will most probably be respected and received. Harmonizing to the 2011 Census, about one one-fourth of Australia’s population is born overseas with 43.1 % of people holding at least one abroad parent. This shows diverseness and mentality of Australia. The 2011 Census Executive Director, Andrew Henderson, said:
These consequences highlight the cultural diverseness of Australia’s population. Multiculturalism plays a large portion in who we are as a state, assisting to make a brighter hereafter for all Australians. [ 1 ]
A study conducted in 2012, revealed a high support for in-migration by Australians ; a bulk exposing a positive or impersonal attitude towards people from different backgrounds. 38 % of those surveyed believed that the in-migration consumption was excessively high against 56 % stating it was approximately right or excessively low. Australians accept different civilizations, faiths and beliefs and really few criticise those that have different backgrounds, beliefs and patterns. There are about 260 different linguistic communications spoken in Australia and 21 different faiths practiced. Each faith has different implicit in rules and values and all are respected. Australia has ties with states such New Zealand and China, assisting Aussies to broaden their mentality and understand different civilizations and faiths and how they influence lives in many ways.
The past authoritiess of this state and other non-government administrations have created many policies to give those from different backgrounds better lives. In 1989, the Hawke Labour Government continued to back up multiculturalism, let go ofing theNational Agenda for a Multicultural Australia.This policy contained the underlying values and rules of multiculturalism including “quote” . Australia’s Labour Government of 2007 led by Kevin Rudd, reversed the tendency of the old authorities led by John Howard ( 1996 – 2007 ) , from a negative attitude to a positive attitude. Like the Hawke Government, Kevin Rudd showed its support for multiculturalism by making ties with neighbouring states and established aNational Multicultural Advisory Council ( NMAC )which was asked to give advice on “quote” . During April 2010, the NMAC released a study named‘The people of Australia’. The council appreciated Australia’s multicultural attitude and made 10s recommendations which included “quote” . The Australian authorities are non the lone protagonists of multiculturalism in Australia. There are besides non-government administrations. Two illustrations of these non-government administrations are theAustralian Multicultural Foundation( AMF ) and theAustralian Partnership of Religious Administrations( APRO ) . The AMF seeks to advance consciousness and the importance and regard in relation to peoples’ civilizations and how they help the diverseness of our state. The administration besides conducts research about Australia’s diverseness. The APRO is made of people from different cultural communities and have different religions, which work together to advance multiculturalism, societal justness and democracy.
However, Australia is non every bit multicultural as it may look. Asylum searchers are sometimes viewed as castawaies and people who do non merit to populate freely because of the problem they cause. Migrants come from many topographic points, put on the lining their lives on boats that are barely sea-worthy, to get in a free state, where there is democracy and peace. For many of these war-worn states, Australia is their closest free state, with there merely being about 93 stat mis between the most southern point of Papua New Guinea and the most northern point of Australia. The boats are normally intercepted by Australian Navy, Customs or Border Protection vass on boundary line security operations. The immigrants on these boats are taken to detainment Centres, for illustration, Christmas Island or Pontville ( now closed ) , or are sent back to where the boat departed. Since December 8, 2013, the Australian Navy and Australian Border Protection vass have turned back six boats, returning 249 people. Returning asylum searchers gives them a limited opportunity to populate a good life and make a life. A study conducted in 2012 byThe Scanlon Foundationfound that merely 23 % of those surveyed agreed that refuge searchers who arrived on boats should be eligible for lasting abode.
Australia has non ever been a successful multicultural state. When Australia was foremost discovered by Captain Cook, he declared it belonged to Britain, despite the fact that the Aboriginals already lived on the land. He stated that the land wasterra nullius(a land belonging to no-one. ) This position has been carried down by a bulk of the population of all time since the first colony of White people. The Aborigines have ever been the true proprietors of the land ; their place as the male parents of this land has non ever been recognised. They have been ignored and discriminated. Their positions of the land and how to utilize it hold disregarded and have non ever had the same societal rights as the remainder of Australia. An illustration of this is the right to vote. Aborigines had the right to vote for the province elections in all provinces apart from Queensland and Western Australia. However, really few Aborigines knew their rights, and hence, really few voted. In 1902, the Aboriginals’ rights changed under the 1902Franchise Act, excepting Aborigines and any other colored people from voting. It wasn’t until 1962, when the Menzies Liberal and Country Party Government changed the jurisprudence to let the Aborigines to vote in the federal elections. In the same twelvemonth, Western Australia allowed the Aborigines of that province to vote in province elections, which was followed by Queensland in 1965. The 1996 – 2007 Broad Government, led by John Howard, did non put such great accent on multiculturalism as the old authoritiess. The authorities focused more on “Cultural integrity, assimilation and integration.” [ 2 ] A NMAC council was set up in 1997 and in its study titledAustralian Multiculturalism for a New Century: Towards Inclusivenessreleased in 1999, it mentioned diverseness and acknowledged that those involved in doing a multicultural state. However, it was more focussed on “The heritage of Great Britain and Ireland from which our democracy has evolved and the particular societal values of mateship and a just go.”
In decision, Australia is successful as a multicultural state, accepting different civilizations and doing life every bit free as possible for those from different backgrounds. However, it can non be said that Australia has ever been multicultural. Peoples are given limited opportunity to better their life and the rights of those from different civilizations are non ever accepted. Overall, Australia is a successful multicultural state despite the negatives.