Bangla New Year or Pohela Boishakh marks the first twenty-four hours of the Bangla Calendar. Pohela Boishakh is celebrated with great excitement in the South Asiatic part of Bengal ( Bangladesh and Indian/West Bengal ) and among Bengali communities populating in the Indian provinces of Tripura and Assam ( Specially in Barak Valley ) . Pohela Boishakh coincides with the New Years in many other Southern Asiatic calendars.
Bangla New Year or Pohela Boishakh connects all Ethnic Bengalis irrespective of spiritual and regional differences. Cultural Bengalis across the universe and from all walks of life unite to observe the Public or Universal Festival of Bengalis i. e. Pohela Boishakh ; it’s the juncture to welcome the New-Year with a new hope of peace. prosperity and good will. Pohela Boishakh by and large falls on 14th or 15th of April of the Georgian calendar. In Bangladesh. it is a national vacation celebrated around 14th April harmonizing to the functionary amended calendar designed by the Bangla Academy. In India. in Indian/West Bengal & A ; Assam it is a public ( province ) vacation and is publically celebrated on 15th of April.
Celebration of Pohela Boishakh
Pohela Boishakh is a Public festival of the Bengalis ; it is celebrated among all Bengalis irrespective of spiritual and regional differences. As discussed earlier ; the jubilations started from Akbar’s reign. But the Public jubilation of Pohela Boishakh and the large-scale organisations of cultural events have started more late.
Rabindranath Tagore had said that a individual feels stronger. complete & A ; united when he’s among other fellow couples on the juncture of a festival as compared to day-to-day life. Truly. socialising brings a batch of alteration in the personality of a individual ; it really changes his mentality towards the universe and makes him wide minded. well-bred and a better individual so. Nowadays it’s seen that. due to our busy agenda and feverish life we tend to bury the intent of the festivals after they are over ; people come together during festivals. bury their differences but every bit shortly as the festival is over the differences are highlighted one time once more!
The Pohela Boishakh jubilations and celebrations reflect the life in rural Bengal. Normally on this twenty-four hours everything is washed and cleaned ; people bathe early in the forenoon and frock in all right apparels and so travel to see
Relatives and friends. Particular nutrient points are prepared for the invitees. Get downing as a rural festival. Pohela Boishakh has now become an built-in portion of Bengali civilization. Peoples from all walks of life dress-up in traditional Bengali garb: Work force wear Dhuti / Payejama / Lungi and Kurta /Panjabi. Young adult females wear white Saris with ruddy boundary lines. and adorn themselves with Tip ( Bindis ) . Churi ( Bangles ) and Ful ( Flowers ) . It’s like a usage to get down the twenty-four hours with the traditional breakfast of Panta-Bhat ( left over rice soaked in H2O ) . onion. Shobuj Lonka ( Green chilis ) . Achar ( Pickles ) . Dal ( Lentils ) & A ; Bhaja Elish Mach ( fried Hilsa fish ) .
Boishakhi Fairs are organized in many parts of Bengal. The life style of rural
Bengal is showcased in about all these carnivals. Assorted traditional handcrafts. playthings. cosmetics. agricultural merchandises. every bit good as assorted sorts of nutrient and Sweets are sold at these carnivals. The carnivals besides provide amusement. with vocalists and terpsichoreans presenting jatra ( traditional dramas ) . pala gan. kobigan. jarigan. gambhira gan. gazir gan and alkap gan. They present folk vocals every bit good as baul. marfati. murshidi and bhatiali vocals. Narrative dramas like Laila-Majnu. YusufZulekha and Radha-Krishna are staged. Among other attractive forces of these carnivals are puppet shows. merry-go-round and Giant wheels are besides installed and are enjoyed by the kids.
In Dhaka. big Numberss of people pour out of their houses and garner early in the forenoon under the banyan tree at Ramna Park. Along with the lifting Sun. the Chhayanat artists sing the celebrated vocal of Tagore in chorus. Esho. he Boishakh. Esho Esho ( Come. O Boishakh. Come. Come ) . welcoming Boishakh.
Celebration of Pohela Boishakh. Dhaka
Dhaka’s Pohela Boishakh jubilation is uncomplete without the “Mangal Shobhajatra” . Students and instructors of the Dhaka University’s Institute of Fine Arts take out a colourful emanation ( known as “Mangal Shobhajatra” ) and parade on different streets and eventually returns to the Fine humanistic disciplines Institute. This emanation chiefly consists of Arts & A ; trades like ( cutouts of Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelams. bird of Minerva. firedrake fly etc. and different types of masks ) these colourful pieces of art display the elements of Bengali civilization and resemble life style of rural and modern Bengal. Peoples of all ages and irrespective of category and profession take portion in this emanation. Since 1989 this Procession ( Shobhajatra ) has become an of import event and besides a major tourer attractive force.
Apart from these. assorted cultural plans are organized by societal and cultural organisations all over Dhaka. Newspapers and magazines conveying out particular addendums. Targeting the Poyela Boishakh event. assorted films. music albums. books etc. are released and particular plans are besides telecasted on telecasting and wireless.
Many old festivals connected with New Year’s Day have disappeared. while new festivals have been added. With the abolishment of the zamindari system. the punya connected with the shutting of land gross accounts has disappeared. Kite winging in Dhaka and bull racing in Munshiganj used to be really colorful events. Other popular small town games and athleticss were horse races. corridas. cockfights. winging pigeons. and boat racing. Some festivals. nevertheless. go on to be observed ; for illustration. Bali ( wrestling ) in Chittagong and gambhira in Rajshahi are still popular events.
Pohela Boishakh jubilation has besides hit the dancefloor of the saloon and nines in the major metropoliss. as an increasing figure of parties are being organized presents for the young person. Thus. giving the jubilation a western touch but maintaining the autochthonal feel integral.
History of Pohela Boishakh
Pohela Boishakh jubilation day of the months back to Mughal Emperor Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar’s reign. Akbar the Great. the celebrated grandson of Zahiruddin Muhammad Babar was the 3rd Mughal Emperor. In order to ease revenue enhancement aggregation. Akbar-e-Azam changed the tradition of agricultural revenue enhancement aggregation harmonizing to Hijri calendar and ordered a reform of the calendar because the Hijri calendar. being a lunar calendar- did non co-occur with the crop Sessionss and therefore the husbandmans faced terrible troubles in paying revenue enhancements out of season.
The Royal Astrologer of Emperor Akbar’s tribunal. Aamir
Fatehullah Siraji. was the 1 who really devised this calendar. after executing a research on the lunar Hijri and Solar calendar. The alone feature of the Bengali twelvemonth was that. instead than being a lunar calendar. it was based on an merger of the solar and lunar twelvemonth. This was so a great development. as the solar and lunar old ages were formulated in really different methods.
Initially this calendar was named as “Fasli San” ( agricultural twelvemonth ) and so Bonggabdo or Bangla Year was introduced on 10/11 March 1584. but was dated from 5th November 1556 or 963 Hijri. This was the twenty-four hours that Akbar defeated Himu in the 2nd Battle of Panipat to go up the throne. This non merely glorified his triumph but besides streamlined gross aggregation into an orderly procedure. It was Akbar-e-Azam’s directive to settle all dues on the last twenty-four hours of Choitro. The following twenty-four hours was the first twenty-four hours of the New Year ( Poyela Boishakh ) . the twenty-four hours for a new beginning ; landlords would administer Sweets among their renters. and Businessmen would open a “HalKhata” ( New histories book ) and shut their old 1s.
Historical Importance of Poyela Boishakh in Bangladesh
In an effort to stamp down Bengali civilization. the Pakistani Government had banned verse forms written by Rabindranath Tagore. the most celebrated poet and author in Bengali literature. Protesting this move. Chhayanat opened their Poyela Boishakh jubilations at Ramna Park with Tagore’s vocal welcoming the month in 1965. The twenty-four hours continued to be celebrated in East Pakistan ( now Bangladesh ) as a symbol of Bengali civilization. After 1972 it became a national festival. a symbol of the Bangladesh nationalist motion and an built-in portion of the people’s cultural heritage. Later. in the mid- 1980s the Institute of Fine Arts added colour to the twenty-four hours by originating the Boishakhi parade. which is much like a carnival parade. In the large metropolitans like Dhaka and Chittagong this twenty-four hours is marked by mass crowd flocking to 100s of unfastened air concerts and cultural plans. mask rallies etc.