Backtrack is a live cd linux

1 Introduction

BackTrack is a unrecorded Cadmium Linux distribution, evolved from the widely adopted WHAX and Auditor security distributions. BackTrack is the universe ‘s prima incursion proving and information security scrutinizing distribution. BackTrack contains 100s of pre-installed and configured ready to utilize, which provides the solid platform for incursion testing. BackTrack is most suited for transporting out incursion proving, exposure appraisal and forensic probes. It ‘s a one-stop-shop for all security demands in modern IT universe.

BackTrack is the primary free undertaking maintained by remote-exploit squad. Beyond it ‘s interesting characteristics and available tools, what makes BackTrack interesting is that it is besides aligned to the incursion proving methodological analysiss and assessment models of ISSAF and OSSTMM, thereby BackTrack tools are logically structured harmonizing to the work flow of security professionals. The major advantage of BackTrack is that it allows users to include customized books, extra tools and configurable meats.

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2 BackTrack Components

The followers are the major constituents of BackTrack,

2.1 BackTrack Base

2.2 BackTrack Kernel

2.3 Packages & A ; Depositories

2.4 Meta Packages

2.1 BackTrack Base

The BackTrack Base forms the major portion of the architecture. The latest version of BackTrack has Ubuntu Intrepid Base.

2.2 BackTrack Kernel

The latest version of BackTrack utilizes squashfs meat faculty and uses squashfs tools version 4.0. The built-in squashfs meat faculty, which is present in AUFS is used as the fusion file system ( aufs2.x ) .

2.3 Packages & A ; Depositories

One of the most important alterations introduced in the latest version of BackTrack are the Debian like depositories available, which are often updated with security holes and new tools. This means that if you choose to put in BackTrack to harrow, you will be able to acquire package care and updates by utilizing aptget bids.

2.4 Meta Packages

A Meta bundle is a dummy bundle which includes several other bundles. For illustration, the Meta bundle “backtrackweb” would include all the Web Application incursion proving tools BackTrack has to offer. BackTrack has two “Meta meta packages” – backtrackworld and backtrackdesktop. Backtrackworld contains all the BackTrack Meta bundles, while backtrackdesktop contains backtrackworld, backtracknetworking and backtrackmultimedia. The latter two Meta bundles are choice applications imported from Ubuntu depositories.

3 Installation

BackTrack provides assorted manners of installing for user convenience. The following are the different manners of installing available in current version of BackTrack,

3.1 Install BackTrack to Hard Disk

3.2 BackTrack Dual Boot Installation ( XP / Vista / Windows 7 )

3.3 Install BackTrack Live to USB ( Unetbootin )

3.4 Install BackTrack Persistent to USB ( With Nessus )

3.5 Install BackTrack Persistent to USB with full disc encoding

3.6 Install Backtrack to VMWare ( with VMWare tools )

4 Application

BackTrack has become a built-in portion of the undermentioned operations in IT security,

4.1 Penetration Testing

4.2 Forensic Probe

5 Features

The major characteristics in BackTrack scope from remote-exploit to password snap tools as follows,

5.1 Information Gathering

5.2 Network Mapping

5.3 Vulnerability Identification

5.4 Web Application Analysis

5.5 Radio Network Analysis ( 802.11, Bluetooth, Rfid )

5.6 Penetration ( Exploit & A ; Social Engineering Toolkit )

5.7 Privilege Escalation

5.8 Maintaining Access

5.9 Digital Forensicss

5.10 Reverse Engineering

5.11 Voice over IP

5.1 Enumeration

Security analysis usually starts with an stock list of the computing machines, runing systems, and web services. The Enumeration menu provides some popular port scanners, such as Nmap and the NMapFE, in add-on to SNMP analysis tools and tools for accessing LDAP waiters and Windows SMB portions. Submenus contain scanners for particular protocols. For illustration, Nikto scans and analyzes web waiters, while IKE Scan and IKEProbe aid decision makers analyze their practical private webs ( VPNs ) . After determining the operating systems and services on the web, you can travel on and hunt for fiting feats in three major exposure and exploit archives: Milw0rm, Metasploit and Securityfocus. If you need to check watchword protected services or happen out how robust your watchwords are, BackTrack offers a assortment of tools for watchword onslaughts. In add-on to the authoritative toilet cracker, which will hold no problem happening the root watchword, you ‘ll happen a figure of other tools for offline snap of encrypted watchwords or online watchword guesswork.

5.2 Sniffing

Sniffers help web decision makers scan their webs and trial for secure protocols. BackTrack has a figure of utile assistants, including the authoritative Ethereal, Etherape, Driftnet, and DSniff, along with many other helpful sniffers. It is even possible to check SSH connexions with BackTrack. sshow and sshmitm onslaught the SSH connexions that use version 1 of the SSH protocol.

5.3 Radio

BackTrack besides comes with a figure of really utile tools for proving the WLAN and the Bluetooth webs. Besides Kismet, the aggregation of tools includes Aircrack, Airsnort, WEPAttack, and WEP_crack. Of class, the administrative workstation will necessitate a WLAN interface to run these tools. BackTrack supports common Bluetooth onslaught scenarios. Besides bequest feat tools for Bluetooth webs – for happening vulnerable nomadic phones, for illustration – the distribution besides has auditing tools for aid with placing Bluetooth devices in the locality.

5.4 Web Servers & A ; Databases

Because onslaughts today progressively tend to aim web applications and the implicit in databases, the BackTrack distribution besides has a figure of plans that can assist decision makers with analysing web applications and the database systems.

5.5 Cisco: A Particular Case

The BackTrack developers besides provide tools for analysing Cisco web devices. First and first, there are two tools that exploit known exposures in Cisco devices: Cisco Global Exploiter, and Yersinia. Yersinia is peculiarly interesting because it attacks Cisco ‘s proprietary Layer 2 protocols to enable VLAN skiping. System decision makers can utilize the Yersinia tool to reprogram the port used by the current connexion to do the connexion portion of a different VLAN. However, as VLANs are frequently used to divide webs for security grounds, this can be really unsafe. In many environments, the people in charge do non pay adequate attending to their switches ; hence, Yersinia exploits work more frequently than you might anticipate them to. The Cisco exposure scanner, Cisco Torch, helps system decision makers near the spread. BackTrack is besides utile for forensic analysis of systems after a suspected via media. The forensic squad includes the tried-and-trusted Sleuthkit and Autopsy tools. The Foremost tool helps analysts place and reconstruct deleted files strictly based on their content. This is what forensics specializers refer to as file carving.

6 Comparison

Following tabular arraies depicts the comparings of assorted proficient characteristics of BackTrack, Gnoppix, Knoppix and SLAX distributions,

7 Advantages

The followers are the major advantages of BackTrack over the other Security distributions available in market today,

  • One of the advantages of BackTrack is its modularity that makes it really easy to add, take or update faculties, if we want to custom-make the Cadmium.
  • The BackTrack distribution is quiet lightweight and as a consequence, it can be run with smaller sums of RAM.
  • It has a major cost advantage over other distributions through less equipment and virtualization handiness.
  • The latest version of BackTrack is easy portable and more compact.
  • Major advantage of BackTrack over other security distributions is the easiness of usage.
  • One major advantage of BackTrack is it makes it a batch easier for both the advanced research worker and a fledgling to the industry to rapidly set together a customized toolkit.
  • BackTrack is speedy to construct and easy to utilize.
  • The advantages to utilizing BackTrack particularly with the USB flash thrust installs is that, they allow you to take your full OS and all your package plans with you.
  • BackTrack is really easy to custom-make, since it allows to construct our ain ISO image to fire to the Cadmium.
  • BackTrack provides the characteristics existent waiters and existent services.

8 Disadvantages

The followers are the disadvantages of BackTrack over the other Security distributions available in market today,

  • If a portable operating system is able to be started it will short-circuit all security steps built-in to the installed operating system of the computing machine.
  • The portable operating systems besides gives users many tools they would non otherwise hold entree to on their computing machine, such as web scanners, watchword surfs, and distant development tools.
  • The lone grounds the IT staff or jurisprudence enforcement would hold is web logs demoing the IP reference was assigned to a certain work station that exceeded its authorised entree. There will be no grounds left on the computing machine where the portable operating system was utilized.
  • The storage media utilized to run portable runing systems, CD-ROMs and USB flash thrusts are common workplace points and will non raise concern among information security professionals.

9 Decision

The BackTrack distribution is something that no system decision maker ‘s tool chest should be without. The BackTrack distribution provides sysadmins with everything necessary to prove the security position of a web. BackTrack provides a one halt solution for all the current security appraisal demands in IT universe today. The portability and interoperability characteristics of BackTrack make it the best unfastened beginning security toolkit available in market today. One major advantage of BackTrack is it makes it a batch easier for both the advanced research worker and a fledgling to the industry to rapidly set together a customized toolkit.


  1. BackTrack place – hypertext transfer protocol: //
  2. ISSAF – Information Systems Security Assessment Framework hypertext transfer protocol: //
  3. OSSTMM – Open Source Security Testing Methodology Manual hypertext transfer protocol: //
  4. BackTrack radio compatibility list hypertext transfer protocol: // title=HCL: Radio
  5. BackTrack unfastened wiki hypertext transfer protocol: //
  6. Burdach, M ( 2004-03-22 ) . Forensic Analysis of a Live Linux System, Pt. 1. Retrieved October 29, 2007, from SecurityFocus hypertext transfer protocol: //
  7. Slice, ( 2006 ) . How to construct an Open-BSD Live-CD from Scratch. Retrieved October 29, 2007, from hypertext transfer protocol: //, com_docman/Itemid,34/task, cat_view/gid,24/

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