?a ) Harmonizing to Howard Becker. cardinal fact about aberrance is that “it is created by society. Becker does non intend that the causes of aberrance can be derived from the societal environment of the pervert or the “social factors” that causes an single to prosecute in aberrant behaviour. Rather. Becker means that societal groups create aberrance by making the regulations or norms that must be adhered to and if they are violated—the misdemeanor will ensue in what the group deems as being aberrance. Therefore. the persons who go against the norms or regulations of a societal group will be labeled as being an “outsider” . ?b ) Harmonizing to Becker. a pervert is an single “to whom that label has successfully been applied” . He asserts that aberrance is non a feature of the action a individual commits ; instead it is an result of the regulations and countenances used by others to an “outsider” or the reaction of others to an individual’s action. Deviant behaviour is aberrant when there is an audience that Judgess it as such. ?c ) Becker states that “deviant” is non a homogeneous class. because aberrance in and of itself is a consequence of the reactions of others to an individual’s action. Therefore. while one societal group may see a peculiar individual’s action as being aberrant. another may non. Aberrance is contextual ; it depends on the audience that is judging the individual’s action.
One can non presume that every person who has been deemed as being a “deviant” are the same. because the processing of labeling persons is non dependable. There are persons who have been labeled pervert who have non broken a regulation. such as persons who are considered aberrant because of their race or faith. Besides. one can non presume that the group of perverts contains persons who have really broken a regulation. since there are persons who may hold escaped examination and hence are non included in the class of perverts. ?d ) Whether people respond to an act as being aberrant depends on several factors. such as the type of act that is committed. the scene in which the action is taking topographic point. and the individual perpetrating the act. Aberrant Acts of the Apostless that are considered non to be illegal or that does non harming other persons. such as holding tattoos. dressing eccentrically. are sometimes unmarked or deemed as being non so bad. Whereas. aberrant Acts of the Apostless that tend to have condemnable behaviour is normally judged earnestly by persons who do non partake in such behaviour. such as kid maltreatment. domestic force. slaying. or colza.
The scene in which the action is taking topographic point plays a function in whether or non people will judge the act as being aberrant. For illustration. if a adult female decides to travel to go to a church service in a provocative manner of vesture. so she will be judged by the other parishioners as being pervert. because that peculiar societal group has guidelines as to how persons must look and carry on themselves while being in that peculiar scene. However. if that same adult female were to travel to a risque nine dressed in the same mode. she would non be seen as being a pervert. because that peculiar societal group has its ain guidelines as to how people look and conduct themselves. Last. the type of individual perpetrating the act plays a function in whether or non persons will react to that act as being aberrant. For illustration. there can be two adolescents who decide to shoplift from a shop. One of the adolescents comes from a middle-class household who lives in the suburbs. while the other adolescent comes from a propertyless household that does non populate in such a nice vicinity.
Since there are some persons who automatically associate the hapless to working category with really negative stereotypes. it would non be improbable that the adolescent from the working category household would be judged more badly than the adolescent who comes from a middle-class household. ?e ) Hughes’ construct of the “master status” applies to deviance in the sense that. if an single possesses a aberrant trait. other persons may presume that he/she possesses all of the negative traits that goes along with that one peculiar trait. Besides. an single holding the position of being a pervert has the ability to overrule all of the other positions that single possesses. For illustration. a adult male may hold the position of being a male parent. hubby. and a societal worker. However. if he becomes incarcerated due to a drug charge. his position as a inmate will overrule all of his other positions in the eyes of many people. Even after he is released from prison. he will be seen as an ex-convict first and foremost. and so as the other positions that he possesses.