Behavioural Viewpoint Of Management Theories Commerce Essay

Harmonizing to the Frederick Taylor it develops the regulations of gesture, criterion of working, proper working or how to make work safely. The chief thing is to choose the right workers for occupation those have ability to make that work. after that tained the workers and supply them proper inducements. Employer has to back up workers by carefully be aftering and assisting them to take the obstructions.

Bureaucratic direction

This theory was developed by a German sociologist and political economic expert Max Weber ( 1864-1920 ) .He suggested that the administration has a chiseled authorization and all the workers has to follow purely regulations and ordinances.

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Division of labor and specialization.All the workers have duties in an organisation to make work as experts to make a peculiar undertaking.

Rules and ordinances. Standard runing processs govern all organisational activities to supply certainty and facilitate coordination.

Impersonal relationships between directors and employees. Manager should keep same dealingss with all the employees. There is no fondness between employee and director.

Competence. Competence is non like you hire those individuals who you know. They have to take employee harmonizing to his abilities.

A chiseled hierarchy. All places within a bureaucratism are structured in a manner that permits the higher places to oversee and command the lower places. This clear concatenation of bid facilitates control and order throughout the organisation

Records. A bureaucratism needs to keep complete files sing all its activities.

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Administrative direction

Harmonizing to the Henri Fayol we have define 14 guidelines or principals for effectual direction. These are as follows:

1. Division of work – work should be subdivided between those workers in which they are specialise and by therefore it helps to increase efficiency and efficaciously.

2.Authority and duty – These should travel manus in manus. Authority is equal to duty.

3. Discipline – Discipline is of import to increase and develop concern.

4. Unit of measurement of demand – Workers should describe to one higher-up and there should be one foreman.

5. Subordination – the involvement of single should non rule the involvement of administration.

6. Unit of measurement of way – all degree should hold one director one program for better consequences.

7. Remuneration – All the methods of payment should be just.

8. Centralization: The grade of centralisation varies harmonizing to the kineticss of each organisation.

9. Scalar concatenation – A concatenation of bid extended from higher to lower power.

10. Order – Material and societal order.Everything should be organised,

11. Equity – Employees should be treated with peace and justness.

12. Espirit de corps – Union and equity to construct the strength of administration.

13. Initiative – Encouragement of workers in order to develop their capacity.

14. Stability of term of office – Job security of workers.

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The behavioral direction theory is frequently called the human dealingss motion because it addresses the human dimension of work. Behavioral theoreticians believed that a better apprehension of human behavior at work, such as motive, struggle, outlooks, and group kineticss, improved productiveness.

Hawthorne surveies – Reflects the scientific direction tradition which says that by bettering tools and accomplishments we can better the efficiency.

ELTON MAYO – He was the laminitis of Human Research Movement. After a research at the Hawthorne works he concludes that:

Workers are of import portion of administration.

Management should hold personal involvement in each worker.

Management should give control to each worker.

Assorted advantages of such stairss were:

1. Work satisfaction – Workers were satisfied.

2. Their public presentation improved.

3. More willingness towards company ends.

Maslow ‘s hierarchy of demands:

Abraham.H Maslow ‘s ( 1908-1970 ) hierarchy explains human behavior in footings of basic demand for their growing and endurance.

Physiological needs.In this pointwe need all the nutrient and drink and things to eat for workers physical safety

Safety demands. These demands include the demand for basic security, stableness, protection, and freedom from fright.

Belonging and love demands. After the physical and safety demands are satisfied and are no longer incentives, the demand for belonging and love emerges as a primary incentive. a

Esteem needs. An single must develop assurance and wants to accomplish position, repute, celebrity, and glorification.

Self-actualization demands. Assuming that all the old demands in the hierarchy are satisfied, an single feels a demand to happen himself.

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McGregor ‘s Theory Ten: –

The mean individuals are lazy and they do n’t wish to work they seek to avoid it.

Peoples find security alternatively of duty.

Therefore most people must be forced with the technique of penalty to work towards organizational ends.

McGregor ‘s Theory Y: –

Average individual likes to work and to the full making his or her responsibilities.

Peoples largely accept and frequently seek duty.

Committednesss to the aims are a map of wagess associated with their accomplishments.

Advantages of classical direction

1. Hierarchical Structure – One of the advantages of classical direction construction is a clear organisational in which powers and duties are divided in many groups and degrees which makes the worker a professions in their ain work.

2. Division of labour – Work is divided into smaller undertakings and given to the workers.division of labour leads to increase productiveness and higher efficiency.

3. Monetary Incentive – The good workers are wagess by fillip, checks and money. It makes the involvement among the workers.

4. Autocratic leading – Administration has a individual leader to do determination and to direct the employees.

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Disadvantages of classical direction

1.Economic demands – Classical direction focuses that economic demands are strong to actuate workers to work but apart from this workers have societal demands, esteem demands, safety demands etc.

2. Equity – classical direction accents to be polite and sort to the workers but there may be many a worker who does non react to the kindness and becomes more careless.

3. Centralisation – Consolidation of direction maps. Decisions are made from the top one individual is superior and others do non hold power to portion their ain positions.

4. Remuneration – employees should be given fixed salary whether company is in loss or net income.

5. It is based on opinion and experiences whereas today ‘s universe does non depends on premises and experiences.

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Advantages of behavioral direction

Change behaviors

Increase self-belief

Build assurance

Increase Performance of the group.

Helped directors how to promote and actuate their workers to work better

Management gave control to each worker over the workplace which makes the worker experience proud and their committedness to work increased.

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Disadvantages of behavioral direction

1. Needs – there might be different demands of different individuals. Needs may change from individual to individual. So workers sometime may non be motivated to work with the aid of demands.

2. Work – Behavioral point of view merely needs work non the workers safety. Workers are given the greed of demands. To carry through their demands, the workers works more difficult which may give rise to serious wellness hurts.

3. Satisfaction – Subsequently this was proved that the company needs merely net incomes non the workers satisfaction.

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Difference between classical attack to direction and behavioral point of view

1. Classical position point describes the different types of methods and it is the manner to make the work or to pull off it. However, behavioral points is described about the survey of the sense of temper and in which the individuals mind include all the human demands and there behaviors towards the work.

2. Classical direction theory chiefly covers to increase the productiveness of a company in the cheapest manner whereas in Behavioural point of view the focal points is non merely on the productiveness but are believing about the demands and ethical motives of the workers.

3.Classical attack to direction that systematic and scientific analysis of work can merely increase the productiveness while harmonizing to behavioral point of view doing good dealingss with the workers and praising them for exceeding work can besides increase productiveness.


1. These are the theories those both focused on the addition of productiveness and they make the consequences same. But these theories works as in different ways like one theory through classical and other one through scientific methods. However, they motivate the same thing that is to acquire the upper limit to maximal net income.

2. Classical and Behavioral direction reveals how to direct an administration and how to steer the workers to better the efficiency and productiveness of the administration.

WHICH IS MORE Effective?

Harmonizing to my point of position or in my decision, I believe that the behavioral point of view is more effectual instead than the classical point of view theory. Harmonizing to this it helps the workers to work with satisfaction it does non set burden on makes the involvement among the workers. It pays the attending towards the workers.

Behavioral point of view theory is besides known as Human Relation Movement. This motion was an effort to fit directors with the societal accomplishments they need. Harmonizing to Abraham Maslow ‘s theory of motive that was based on premises about human nature that human existences have demands which are of all time wholly satisfied. Human behavior is aimed at fulfilling the demands, so in order to carry through these demands they work hard which finally benefits the administration.

So every bit compared to classical direction there is no bond of workers with the administration whereas behavioral point of view has interaction, understanding and kindness among workers and administration.


Both theories have many differences and similarities. Classical theory is based on scientific analysis whereas Behavioural point of view is based on human behavior, both theories has its ain importance and makes the survey of direction complete.but the chief motivation of both is maximise net income in different ways.


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