Biochemistry And Digestion

Question Answer
Aids in the digestion of fat in the small intestine. Bile
Sugars/Saccharides)-Molecules made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen that break down to simple sugars; A nutrient used by other body systems for energy;The saliva in the mouth begins to break complex carbohydrates into simple sugars that the body can use Carbohydrates
Produce new substances with different properties from the original substances. Chemical Changes
Represents the types & numbers of element present in the compound. Chemical Formulas
A substance that is composed of two or more elements that are chemically combined. Compound
A pure substance that cannot be separated into simpler substances by physical or chemical mean, the simplest form of matter. Element
proteins produced by living cells that bring about or speed up reactions (such as in the digestion of food). Enzymes
molecules found in the environment that rarely ever contain CARBON; not produced by living things. Inorganic Molecules
(steroids, waxes, and fats) – Organic compound, broken down in the small intestine . Lipids
(DNA) – Organic compounds found in living things. Nucleic acids
Are chemical compounds produced by living things. All organic compounds contain the element CARBON (C). Organic Molecules
Aids in the digestion of lipids in the small intestine. Pancreatic Juices
Enzyme that aids in the digestion of protein in the stomach. Pepsin
Wave-like muscle contractions that occur in the esophagus and the intestines that help move food through the digestive system. Peristalsis
Are changes in the phase, appearance, or location of a substance. NO new substance is produced. Physical Changes
A nutrient found in meats, dairy, eggs, and nuts; broken down in the stomach by enzymes (like pepsin) and stomach acids. Proteins
A clear liquid found in the mouth whose enzymes help to break down carbohydrates. Saliva
States that energy may neither be created nor destroyed, only changed into a different form. The Law of Conservation of Energy

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