Biology II 2nd Six Weeks Ch. 19

Slime molds are in the kingdom Protista. Because they decompose dead organisms, they used to be classified in the kingdom ________ .
Animal-like protists eat other organisms, so they are _________ .
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Protists are classified in the kingdom ________ .
A plant-like protist may be single-celled, colonial, or multicellular, but it is always _______ .
The definition of a protist is a eukaryote that is _______________ .
Not an animal, plant, or fungus
The term generally used to describe animal-like protists is _________ .
A temporary extension of cytoplasm and plasma membrane that helps an amoeba move is called a ___________ .
Short, hair-like projections that cover the protist cell surface and help it swim and capture food
The key difference between animal-like protists and animals is that animal-like protists are ___________ .
Unicellular and animals are multicellular
Malaria is caused by this parasitic protist
Algae are similar to plants because they have _______________ .
Chlorophyll for photosynthesis
Single-celled plantlike protists and photosynthetic bacteria make up communities of _____________ .
A flexible coat-like covering on the cell surface of euglenoids is called a __________ .
Both plants and green algae have cell walls made of ________ .
Which of the following protists can heavily populate the oceans when nutrients are ample and create what is known as a red tide?
What can fungus-like protists do that fungi cannot?
Under a microscope, water-mold cells look like ______________ .
Branching strands
Ireland’s potato famine was caused by Phytophthora Infestans, which is a form of ___________________ .
Water mold
Cellular slime molds are commonly found __________ .
In soil
Plasmodial slime mold cytoplasm contains multiple __________ .
The bodies of multicellular fungi are made of long strands called ________________ .
Fungi differ from plants because fungi are not
Which structure produces spores during both sexual and asexual reproduction?
The part of a fungus that grows above ground, releases spores, and is sometimes edible is the _____________ .
Fruiting body
The mutualistic relationship between fungi and the plant whose roots which they live on provides both organisms with ___________ .
Fungi absorb food and recycle nutrients quickly due to the large surface area of their_______________ .
Overuse of antibiotics, antifungal medications, and fungicides can result in the ____________ .
Development of resistance to treatment
A mutualistic relationship between a fungus and algae forms a ________________ .
A normally harmless organism that causes an infection when there is a change in the host’s homeostasis is called an _________________ .
Opportunistic pathogen
Fungi and humans have similarities in their cellular structure as well as their ____________ .
Genes and proteins
Haploid cells that join to form diploid cells in sexual reproduction are called _______________ .
Organelles used in photosynthesis are _________________ .
Organisms that have a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles form the domain ____________________ .
Organisms that cannot make their own food are called
_______________________ .
The division of a cell’s nucleus into two genetically identical nuclei is achieved through the process of _______________ .
A cell having only one copy of each chromosome is a ________ .
What is the process called when substances are being released from a cell by the fusion of a vesicle with the plasma membrane?
Which organelle is a fluid-filled sac used for temporary storage of materials needed by a cell?
Which group of organisms uses dead and decaying organic material as a source of nutrition?
The paramecium’s cilia help the organism _________________ .
Swim and capture food
The term protozoa is generally used to describe ______________ .
Animal-like protists
Plantlike protists have which of the following traits in common with plants?
Both have chlorophyll
Approximately 90% of dinoflagellates are _______________ .
Marine plankton
Fungal cell walls are made of ________________ .
Which organism moves by the use of pseudopods?
Agar, which is used as a thickening agent in the production of ice cream, comes from _____________ .
Red algae
Slime molds are funguslike protists, but they are not fungi. Why?
They can move
Two gametes fuse to form a _________________ .
Yeast that makes bread rise is a type of single-celled ________ .
Sac fungus
The process in which yeast reproduce by forming a daughter cell that is genetically identical but initially smaller in size is called ___________________ .
Chytrids are primitive fungi whose spores have ________________ .
Which of the following is a protozoa: amoeba, bread mold, red algae, or dinoflagellate?
Giardia infections are the result of a humans coming into contact with ____________ .
Contaminated water
Most euglenoids are plantlike an animal-like because they can be both ____________ .
Photosynthetic and motile
A type of protist that has two tails and includes organisms that can provide nutrients for corals as well as organisms that can cause toxic red tides is called a _________________ .
According to RNA sequence analysis, green algae are most closely related to _________________ .
Which of the following structures can grow to a vast size underground: sporangia, mycelia, basidia, or plasmodia?
In the paramecium, food is collected by cilia and swept into the __________ .
Oral groove
Reproductive structures of fungi that grow above ground are called _______________ .
Fruiting bodies
The only fungi with flagellated spores are the ______________ .
Which type of fungus includes expensive truffles, yeasts that make bread rise, and organisms that are the source of penicillin?
Bread molds
Mushrooms are found in which group?
Club fungi

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