Biology II 2nd Six Weeks Ch. 19

Slime molds are in the kingdom Protista. Because they decompose dead organisms, they used to be classified in the kingdom ________ .
Fungi
Animal-like protists eat other organisms, so they are _________ .
Heterotrophic
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Protists are classified in the kingdom ________ .
Eukarya
A plant-like protist may be single-celled, colonial, or multicellular, but it is always _______ .
Photosynthetic
The definition of a protist is a eukaryote that is _______________ .
Not an animal, plant, or fungus
The term generally used to describe animal-like protists is _________ .
Protozoa
A temporary extension of cytoplasm and plasma membrane that helps an amoeba move is called a ___________ .
Pseudopod
Short, hair-like projections that cover the protist cell surface and help it swim and capture food
Cilia
The key difference between animal-like protists and animals is that animal-like protists are ___________ .
Unicellular and animals are multicellular
Malaria is caused by this parasitic protist
Plasmodium
Algae are similar to plants because they have _______________ .
Chlorophyll for photosynthesis
Single-celled plantlike protists and photosynthetic bacteria make up communities of _____________ .
Phytoplankton
A flexible coat-like covering on the cell surface of euglenoids is called a __________ .
Pellicale
Both plants and green algae have cell walls made of ________ .
Cellulose
Which of the following protists can heavily populate the oceans when nutrients are ample and create what is known as a red tide?
Dinofalgellates
What can fungus-like protists do that fungi cannot?
Move
Under a microscope, water-mold cells look like ______________ .
Branching strands
Ireland’s potato famine was caused by Phytophthora Infestans, which is a form of ___________________ .
Water mold
Cellular slime molds are commonly found __________ .
In soil
Plasmodial slime mold cytoplasm contains multiple __________ .
Nuclei
The bodies of multicellular fungi are made of long strands called ________________ .
Hyphae
Fungi differ from plants because fungi are not
Photosynthetic
Which structure produces spores during both sexual and asexual reproduction?
Sporangia
The part of a fungus that grows above ground, releases spores, and is sometimes edible is the _____________ .
Fruiting body
The mutualistic relationship between fungi and the plant whose roots which they live on provides both organisms with ___________ .
Nutrients
Fungi absorb food and recycle nutrients quickly due to the large surface area of their_______________ .
Mycelia
Overuse of antibiotics, antifungal medications, and fungicides can result in the ____________ .
Development of resistance to treatment
A mutualistic relationship between a fungus and algae forms a ________________ .
Lichen
A normally harmless organism that causes an infection when there is a change in the host’s homeostasis is called an _________________ .
Opportunistic pathogen
Fungi and humans have similarities in their cellular structure as well as their ____________ .
Genes and proteins
Haploid cells that join to form diploid cells in sexual reproduction are called _______________ .
Gametes
Organelles used in photosynthesis are _________________ .
Chloroplasts
Organisms that have a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles form the domain ____________________ .
Eukarya
Organisms that cannot make their own food are called
_______________________ .
Heterotrophs
The division of a cell’s nucleus into two genetically identical nuclei is achieved through the process of _______________ .
Mitosis
A cell having only one copy of each chromosome is a ________ .
Haploid
What is the process called when substances are being released from a cell by the fusion of a vesicle with the plasma membrane?
Exocytosis
Which organelle is a fluid-filled sac used for temporary storage of materials needed by a cell?
Vacuole
Which group of organisms uses dead and decaying organic material as a source of nutrition?
Decomposers
The paramecium’s cilia help the organism _________________ .
Swim and capture food
The term protozoa is generally used to describe ______________ .
Animal-like protists
Plantlike protists have which of the following traits in common with plants?
Both have chlorophyll
Approximately 90% of dinoflagellates are _______________ .
Marine plankton
Fungal cell walls are made of ________________ .
Chitin
Which organism moves by the use of pseudopods?
Foraminifera
Agar, which is used as a thickening agent in the production of ice cream, comes from _____________ .
Red algae
Slime molds are funguslike protists, but they are not fungi. Why?
They can move
Two gametes fuse to form a _________________ .
Zygospore
Yeast that makes bread rise is a type of single-celled ________ .
Sac fungus
The process in which yeast reproduce by forming a daughter cell that is genetically identical but initially smaller in size is called ___________________ .
Budding
Chytrids are primitive fungi whose spores have ________________ .
Flagella
Which of the following is a protozoa: amoeba, bread mold, red algae, or dinoflagellate?
Amoeba
Giardia infections are the result of a humans coming into contact with ____________ .
Contaminated water
Most euglenoids are plantlike an animal-like because they can be both ____________ .
Photosynthetic and motile
A type of protist that has two tails and includes organisms that can provide nutrients for corals as well as organisms that can cause toxic red tides is called a _________________ .
Dinoflagellate
According to RNA sequence analysis, green algae are most closely related to _________________ .
Plants
Which of the following structures can grow to a vast size underground: sporangia, mycelia, basidia, or plasmodia?
Mycelia
In the paramecium, food is collected by cilia and swept into the __________ .
Oral groove
Reproductive structures of fungi that grow above ground are called _______________ .
Fruiting bodies
The only fungi with flagellated spores are the ______________ .
Chytrids
Which type of fungus includes expensive truffles, yeasts that make bread rise, and organisms that are the source of penicillin?
Bread molds
Mushrooms are found in which group?
Club fungi
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