Board of Education Brown was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional. In 1950, 17 states and the District of Columbia still had laws that required segregated schools. At this time, the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) was working to end segregation In public schools by bringing cases to court. By 1952, the NAACP had several cases being heard by the U.
S. Supreme Court. However, the Justices could not reach a decision and scheduled to hear them again In 1953. 11] In 1951, Topeka, Kansas had eighteen schools for white students and four for African American students. Linda Brown. And African American third grader had to walk one mile through a railroad switch yard to get to her black elementary school even though a white elementary school was only seven blocks away. Her father tried to enroll her in the white elementary school, but the principal refused. Her parents and twelve other parents went to District Court In Kansas with the help of the NAACP. ] They hoped the school district would change its policy of racial segregation. The District Court ruled against the NAACP saying that both schools were equal. At that time “separate but equal” was legal. The NAACP decided to appeal the case to the United States Supreme Court. Their case was combined with other cases that challenged school segregation In the District of Columbia, South Carolina, Virginia, and Delaware.  On May 17, 1954, U. S. Supreme Court Justice Earl Warren delivered the unanimous ruling. State-sanctioned segregation public schools was a violation f the 14th amendment and was therefore unconstitutional.
This historic decision marked the end to the “separate but equal” precedent set by the Supreme Court nearly 60 years earlier in Please V.