List OF FIGURES AND TABLES
3.1: THE PURPOSE AND NATURE OF THE BUDGETING PROCESS WHICH SHOULD NORMALLY BE TAKEN IN THE PREPARATION OF BUDGETS FORGT FURNITURE
3.1.1: The intents of the budgeting procedure
Budgeting procedure is ways which an administration builds a budgeting. An effectual budgeting procedure is built and controlled by those who have duty to stay by the budget and pattern the organisation ‘s aims in making the budget ( Elizabeth Foley, 2014 ) . Nowadays, the budgeting procedure has become a really of import measure in every concern. There are six chief intents that can be served by implementing a budget system including helping the planning, communicating, coordination, motive of resources, commanding and rating.
The first intent of utilizing a budget is to help the planning of existent operations. The budgeting procedure allows an administration to find its grosss and disbursals from a old clip period and so do prognosis of where the concern could be at in the hereafter. It could besides assist the concerns to cognize that they should add or take goods and services to run into the awaited demand of the concerns for the period ( Elizabeth Foley, 2014 ) . Through the budgeting procedure, Glentruan Furniture Ltd can find that presents, client love high quality and adept furniture. Therefore, late Glentruan Company developed new merchandise line utilizing of latest engineering.
Second, the budgeting procedure can pass on programs to assorted duty centre directors. Both staff and directors of the organisation will be cognizant of their duties and duties, helps them know what they must make to accomplish the effectual budgeting procedure. ( Elizabeth Foley, 2014 ) . In Glentruan, with the budgeting procedure, market research section and production section know that they need to pass on to make good budgeting procedure. Market research section have to supply information about how many people who need purchase furniture and how are now furniture’s tendency, so, production section can put up effectual production program.
Third, the budgeting procedure can organize activities of an administration. Because the procedure of budget agencies that directors at all degrees and in different sections have many chances to run into, exchange, discuss and associate their ends together. Enterprise will accomplish great success if all members co-ordinate for general intents instead than each section operate partly ( 365ngay, 2014 ) . In Glentruan, it will be irrational if concern head programs to increase gross revenues by 15 % but the manager of Glentruan plans to cut down 10 % of output. Therefore, Glentruan need construct the budgeting procedure to organize closely activities with each other.
Fourthly, budgeting procedure can actuate directors to endeavor to accomplish the budget ends. If directors at every degree take part more in edifice and commanding budget, they all the more understand and back up the ends of the concern. To be taken portion in planning and commanding budget, this is truly an of import motive for directors ( 365ngay, 2014 ) . In Glentruan, if consequence of budget is bad, directors of Glentruan will attempt, endeavor more to reconstruct budget of the company. If consequence of budget is great, directors will experience really elated and have strong motive to seek continuously.
The following intent of budgeting procedure is besides to set up a system of commanding activities of an administration. Control over existent public presentation means that comparison of existent consequences and the budget program. It is necessary to look into why the budget is non effectual and happen methods to better state of affairs ( 365ngay, 2014 ) . In Glentruan Company, budget system will assist directors to hold the whole image about things which will go on and do everyone in Glentruan are responsible for pull offing disbursement in their section. Therefore, the strength of each section in Glentruan can be specified and Glentruan Company will larn ways to get the better of any troubles.
Finally, budgeting procedure can measure the public presentation of directors. Budgets provide utile information for higher-ups to measure the public presentation of directors and can be used to honor good consequences ( Dimmies, 2014 ) . In Glentruan, through budgets, Glentruan can cognize directors work really good because orders of client addition and client buttockss Glentruan with superior classs. Therefore, Glentruan need have policies to wagess directors.
In drumhead, all the intents mentioned above are of import. A good planning procedure will assist Glentruan to command the company. Glentruan can merely reason concern or employees as good or if non can compare their consequences with existent prognosis figures given ( 365ngay, 2014 ) .
3.1.2: The nature of the budgeting procedure
Puting ends for fiscal twelvemonth of an administration is the first measure in edifice and developing a budget. Identify aims will make motive for members in the administration to advance financial state of affairs. There are three typical aims for the readying of budget, including maximising net incomes, increasing market portion and fabrication merchandise have the best quality.
Identify possible schemes
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3.2, 3.3, 3.4: Choice APPROPRIATE BUDGETING METHODS FOR THE NEW PRODUCT LINE AND ITS NEEDS. PREPARE BUDGETS ACCORDING TO THE CHOSEN BUDGETING METHOD BASED ON THE GIVEN INFORMATION IN THE SCENARIO AND ALSO PREPARE A CASH BUDGET
Jim Riley written: “ Incremental budgeting is a budget prepared utilizing a old period ‘s budget or existent public presentation as a footing with incremental sums added for the new budget period. ” This method is popular in administrations where budget is non built carefully or where do non hold any important demand to pattern a thorough re-evaluation of the organisation ( Jim Riley, 2014 ) . The advantages of this method are that this method is easy, speedy, inexpensive and suited for fixing budgets for what may be many cost Centres in a big administration ; or this method ensures that sections are operated in a consistent and stable mode for long periods of clip. However, incremental budgeting besides causes some drawbacks that this budget may go out of day of the month and no longer associate to the degree of activity being carried out ; this method is besides inefficient because it encourages slack and uneconomical disbursement or ( Proactiveresolution, 2014 ) .
Zero base budgeting
Accountingtools written: “A zero-base budget ( ZBB ) requires directors to warrant all of their budgeted outgos, instead than the more common attack of merely necessitating justification for incremental alterations to the budget or the existent consequences from the predating year.” Zero based budgeting is used to forestall budgets crawling up each twelvemonth with rising prices. Besides, ZBB helps to extinguish inefficient or disused operations. Furthermore, it provides a budgeting and planning tool to react to alterations in the concern environment. However, zero base budgeting besides do some disadvantages, for illustration, this method is a complex clip devouring procedure. It needs more clip span every bit good as employees for the readying and direction ; this increases the cost for puting up ZBB. Furthermore, director who prepares budget require preparation in the ZBB procedure, this besides increases the clip ( Jim Riley, 2012 ) .
A fixed budget is a fiscal program that does non alter in any the budget period, irrespective of any alterations from the program in existent activity degrees experienced. The advantage of fixed budgeting is that it keeps costs down supplying that the concerns obey the rigorous fiscal bounds. Furthermore, a fixed budget provides a degree of stableness and control that can non be found in a flexible budget, so it is an optimum pick for little concern proprietors and persons. On the other manus, the biggest disadvantage of fixed budgeting is that it does non let to set based on a alteration in state of affairs. Therefore, it is difficult to respond to the unexpected alterations that typically occur in the concern ( David Montoya, 2014 ) .
A flexible budget is a budget that is adjusted or flexes to depend on alterations in the volume of activity. This method is really suited and utile in concerns where have variable cost environment. Besides, the flexible budget besides provides a right footing to compare between existent consequences and the relevant activity degree in the flexible budget as a control process at the terminal of each month or each twelvemonth. In the other manus, there are some drawbacks for apply this method. A flexible budget requires excess clip to construct, delays the release of fiscal studies, does non mensurate discrepancies of gross, and may non be applicable under certain budget theoretical accounts ( Accountingtools, 2014 ) .
Elizabeth Foley ( 2014 )Budgeting procedure[ online ] available from & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www.nonprofitaccountingbasics.org/reporting-operations/budgeting-process & gt ; [ 30 April 2014 ]
365ngay ( 2014 )Nhung loi ich cua ngan sach[ online ] available from & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www.365ngay.com.vn/index.php? option=com_content & A ; task=view & A ; id=764 & A ; Itemid=14 & gt ; [ 30 April 2014 ]
Dummies ( 2014 )Benefits of budgeting[ online ] available from & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www.dummies.com/how-to/content/benefits-of-budgeting-that-relate-to-business-mana.html & gt ; [ 30 April 2014 ]
Amsolutions ( 2014 )Guide making your company budget[ online ] available from & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www.amsolutions.net/articles/guide-creating-your-company-budget & gt ; [ 1 May 2014 ]
Jim Riley ( 2014 )Incremental budget[ online ] available from & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www.tutor2u.net/business/accounts/incremental-budgeting.htm & gt ; [ 1 May 2014 ]
Proactiveresolution ( 2014 )Incremental budget[ online ] available from & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www.proactiveresolutions.com/learners-zone/cost-and-management-accounting/planning-and-control/incremental-budgeting/ & gt ; [ 1 May 2014 ]
Accountingtools ( 2014 )Zero base budgeting[ online ] available from & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www.accountingtools.com/zero-based-budgeting & gt ; [ 1 May 2014 ]
Jim Riley ( 2012 )Zero base budgeting[ online ] available from & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www.tutor2u.net/business/accounts/zero-based-budgeting.htm & gt ; [ 1 May 2014 ]
David Montoya ( 2014 )Advantages utilizing fixed budget[ online ] available from & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //smallbusiness.chron.com/advantages-using-fixed-budget-43537.html & gt ; [ 1 May 2014 ]
Accountingtools ( 2014 )Flexible budget[ online ] available from & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www.accountingtools.com/flexible-budget & gt ; [ 1 May 2014 ]