Business Report for Loan Application Essay

Business ReportV. Okonji

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Business Report for Loan Application


Table of Contentss

Introduction to Business

Our Cost Structure, Pricing Strategy, Breakeven Point


Deductions of bring forthing Management Histories

Appendix to the Business Report


Business Report for Loan Application

Introduction to Business

Business and Flagship Product Overview

The Rubik’s regular hexahedron is the largest merchandising plaything in history.

We intend to run a plaything fabrication company, concentrating on our flagship merchandise “Speedix Cube” , a premium Rubik’s regular hexahedron with superior lastingness.

Rubik’s regular hexahedron is a mystifier with multiple interlocked constituents, which have the ability to switch topographic points, without leveling wholly.

A traditional 3-layered Rubik’s regular hexahedron has a common defect. Certain pieces pop out upon repeated usage. Our research squad has solved this job, by adding deeper “hooks” to maintain the pieces together even after 10,000 rotary motions on each side of the regular hexahedron. What this does is make a Rubik’s regular hexahedron which is better interlocked.

Demand overview and support demand

Since, Speedix will be a premium merchandise in its class ; based on 3rd party market research, we expect the international demand for our merchandise for the calendar twelvemonth 2015 to be at 154,000 units.

To provide to this demand we have a demand of support to be a small under ? 2 Million ( ? 1,978,050 ) . With this sum we would be in a place to cover our disbursals plus a 30 % buffer.

Speedix would be priced at Cost plus 25 % Margin. We are confident, that one time demand picks up, we will be able to raise that border even higher, because of the engineering patent we have for our merchandise. The cost of each Speedix Cube works out to be ? 9.88, therefore our merchandising monetary value has been set at 25 % higher to be equal to ? 14/unit.

Our Cost Structure, Pricing Strategy, Breakeven Point

Manufacturing Process Overview, Direct Material and Direct Labor Costss:

The Speedix regular hexahedron is made out of premium plastic ; we intend to utilize Grade-A Liquid plastic rosin and Granules. Both of these primary stuffs have been coined as Materials H and C severally. Further, other constituents include paper spines, springs attached to sleep together, and illumination rods used in assembly at a minimal measure of 1 each per regular hexahedron. The constituents have been called “Component A” and “Component B” severally. The entire Direct Material cost per unit of Speedix comes to ? 2.38.

At foremost, the fabrication procedure involves production of parts of the regular hexahedron utilizing the Liquid Plastic Resin and the Granules. The ingredients are assorted together, until they melt and organize a smooth and syrupy fluid. This fluid is so poured into casts which would assist make the parts of the regular hexahedron.

The casting procedure takes about 0.25 hours per regular hexahedron that is 15 proceedingss. Mold specialist workers ( called “molders” ) charge ? 17.25 per hr for this full procedure. Each of the ensuing solid parts is so sorted by the molders on to colourise coded plastic trays. The casting cost per regular hexahedron works out to ? 4.31.

The trays move over a conveyer belt on the fabrication line to the assembly division. The assembly division workers have the most critical undertaking of look intoing quality and consistence of each of the shaped parts.

They weed out faulty pieces, and smooth out unsmooth borders of the parts through a sanding procedure. To guarantee truth, these are scanned under a optical maser scanner linked to a CPU on the assembly board, which displays any farther sanding which may be required. Following, the “core” of the Speedix regular hexahedron is assembled utilizing the springs and other constituent parts to complete off locking all parts to topographic point, and adding coloured spines on each side.

The full assembly procedure takes topographic point in a small under 5 proceedingss for each regular hexahedron ( 0.075 hours ) . The labour charge for assembly is ? 35 per hr. Assembly cost plants per regular hexahedron comes to ? 2.63.

Finally, the assembled Speedix regular hexahedron moves over the conveyer belt onto the Packaging section, which does the labeling and pugilism for cargo. This procedure occurs under 3 proceedingss per regular hexahedron and costs ? 6.50 per hr. Packaging costs per regular hexahedron sum to ? 0.33.

Overheads, Standard Costs, Selling Price Determination and Break even

In add-on to the above costs, we would incur the undermentioned disbursals to run the mill:

Operating expenses:


Factory Rent


Machinery Care


Factory Care


Factory Utilities


Administration ( Staff )


Office Expenses


Ad Costss


Gross saless Staff


Office Rent


Interest Cost


Entire Overheads Cost


As shown in the appendix, the overall Standard Cost as per the Standard Cost card works out to be ?9.88 per regular hexahedron ( refer Appendix for inside informations ) .

Following, with respect to selling monetary value, we wanted to monetary value Speedix at an low-cost monetary value, yet higher than regular Rubik’s regular hexahedron. As a consequence we settled at 25 % border on over Standard Cost to get at the Selling monetary value. This would convey the Selling Price to ?14. In the coming old ages, we would anticipate to derive grip and increase our monetary values as a consequence twelvemonth on twelvemonth.

Although based on the Market Research, we would likely hold a demand for 154,000units which translates to ?2.156 Million in Gross saless for the twelvemonth. Market conditions are affected by a degree of capriciousness which is unmanageable or more normally known as systematic hazard. As a consequence we have computed the minimal Gross saless to breakeven ( Cole, 2014 ) .

This is done by spliting the Total Fixed Expenses by the Contribution Margin per unit. We have covered this individually in the Appendix, the breakeven gross revenues units peers to 61,746. The logic behind Break even measure is that, there are fixed costs which are ineluctable and need to be covered by gross revenues. Variable costs being incremental costs are reduced from the Gross saless monetary value as that many more figure of units would be needed to sell for covering possible losingss ( Caplan, 2006 ) .

Profitability, Review of Cash and Operational Budgets

Next we look at profitableness under the demand scenario of 154,000 units. We would anticipate to be able to gain a net income to the melody of ? 402,262 for the calendar twelvemonth 2015. This is after covering an Interest cost @ 7 % p.a for the 3 twelvemonth loan of ? 1,978,050. Our operational budget similar to an income statement gives an overview of the entire costs and the gross revenues for FY 2015. The Operational Budget nevertheless, unlike an Income Statement prognosis shows the inside informations of the different stuffs included in the production, on a monthly footing. It is by and large more elaborate ( mention Appendix below ) .

For the demand, we have used a random figure between 12,000 units and 13,500 units to imitate existent life conditions. Since, the merchandise is intended for sale in the international market, we have assumed seasonality in one state is offset by demand in another. Consequently we have plotted gross revenues, and besides created the Cash Budget ( Grimsley, 2014 ) .

Get downing with a nothing hard currency balance, we expect to stop the twelvemonth with a healthy Cash Balance of ? 2,580,473, nevertheless, this includes the loan taken amounting to ? 1,978,050, and involvement payment at the terminal of the twelvemonth of ? 138,464. In the first month, the payments will be lesser comparatively, numbering to ? 91,300, as the recognition footings meant that merely labour payments get due and paid in the same month. All other payments are delayed and paid harmonizing to the several recognition footings. Similarly, there are no Customer aggregations for recognition gross revenues in January, which are due the following month ( Simplestudies LLC, 2012 ) .

The operational budget nevertheless does non see the existent hard currency payout like the hard currency budget ; alternatively a monthly operational budget covers the disbursals as they accrue for a month. Unlike the operational budget the hard currency budget besides shows the involvement payout at the terminal of December, when it is really paid out alternatively of being accrued under Office Overheads over the class of 12 months ( Caplan, 1992 ) .


To sum up, we intend to transport out bring forthing our flagship plaything Speedix Cube to the International, which has an entry merchandising monetary value of ? 14 per piece. This has a Standard Cost of ? 9.88, which is arrived at including Direct Materials, Direct Labor and Overheads. The overall loan support we require in order to cover our one-year disbursals plus a 30 % buffer sums to ? 1,978,050.

We wish to take the loan and refund it in 3rdtwelvemonth. Each twelvemonth, we will be paying the involvement cost which amounts to ? 138,464. The overall gross revenues for the twelvemonth are estimated to traverse ? 2 million at ? 2,156,000 by selling 154,000 units, based on Market research estimations. However, the minimal units of gross revenues to breakeven come to 61,746.

In order to pull off activity and support, we have prepared a hard currency budget, an operational budget and a forecasted income statement. The high spot would be stoping the twelvemonth with a Net Net income of about ? 402,462.

( Caplan, 2006 )

Deductions of bring forthing Management Histories

Management Histories are prepared to let users, chiefly top direction forces information to assistance in determination devising. Some the advantages are as follows:

  1. It helps the direction to program and strategize operations for the twelvemonth to run into demand.
  2. Expenses can be scrutinized and effectual control can be placed utilizing elaborate direction histories.
  3. Cash budgeting besides helps direction to estimate the impact of working capital refilling, and whether or non they will be in demand of funding externally.
  4. Management accounting besides helps direction to do determinations such as Make or outsource, accept an extra order or non, etc.

( Bruggen, et al. , 2008 )

Appendix to the Business Report

  1. Standard Cost Card

  1. Breakeven Point

  1. One Year Operational Budget

  1. Cash Budget

  1. Forecast Income Statement


Bruggen, A. , Krishnan, R. & A ; Sedatole, K. , 2008.Management Accounting Determinants and Economic Consequences of Production.[ Online ] Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: // fid=19262 [ Accessed 08 Nov 2014 ] .

Caplan, D. , 2006.Management Accounting Concepts and Techniques.[ Online ] Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: // [ Accessed 10 Nov 2014 ] .

Caplan, E. H. , 1992. Managerial accounting ( Social facets ) .Management International Review,v32 ( Annual ) , pp. 15-17.

Cole, P. , 2014.Annualizing: Small Businesss.[ Online ] Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: // [ Accessed 08 Nov 2014 ] .

Grimsley, S. , 2014.Courses: Education Portal.[ Online ] Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: // # lesson [ Accessed 10 Nov 2014 ] .

Simplestudies LLC, 2012.What are the budget types in accounting? .[ Online ] Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: // [ Accessed 09 Nov 2014 ] .



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