Carper: United States Congress and Agrarian Reform Sample Essay

Republic Act 9700 or the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program Extension with Reforms ( CARPER ) Bill. that aims to redistribute all agricultural lands to landless husbandmans. Is an act amending several commissariats of Republic Act 6657. or the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law ( CARL ) of 1988. It was foremost filed as House Bill 1527 by Akbayan Party list Rep. Risa Hontiveros in 2007. it was subsequently substituted by House Bill 4077. besides sponsored by Hontiveros and Albay Rep. Edcel Lagman. the version made into jurisprudence. Its Senate opposite number was Senate Bill 2666. filed by Sen. Gregorio Honasan. In December 2008. the budget for CARP has expired and there remains 1. 2 million hectares of agricultural lands waiting to be acquired and distributed to husbandmans. Philippine Congress being a landlord dominated establishment is loath to go on the support of CARP despite the clear call by husbandmans and the President to go through a CARP Extension with Reforms jurisprudence. Get downing with the amendment of Sec. 2 and 3 of the CARL. which defines the responsibility of the province to originate the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program ( CARP ) and its donees. the CARPER chiefly extends the land distribution plan of CARP by five old ages.

It besides redefines the range of the plan. and as the Filipino Daily Inquirer studies. does off with the proviso for voluntary land transportation. which was used by landlords to administer the land under the controversial Stock Distribution Option. In Sec. 18. the CARPER besides mandates that all land reform instances must be under the legal power of the Department of Agrarian Reform ( DAR ) except for instances falling under the sole legal power of the Department of Agriculture ( DA ) and the Department of Environment and Natural Resources ( DENR ) . Merely the Supreme Court has legal power to publish any keeping order or writ of preliminary injunction against the Presidential Agrarian Reform Council ( PARC ) . the DAR. and other related bureaus on agricultural reform instances. A new Congressional Oversight Committee on Agrarian Reform ( COCAR ) is besides created by virtuousness of the CARPER. composed of the Chairpersons of the Agrarian Reform Committees of both Houses and three members each from the Upper and Lower House. to be designated severally by the Senate President and the House Speaker.

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It besides incorporates a new subdivision into the bing CARL. Section 37-A. specifically mandating the inclusion of equal support services for rural adult females and the constitution of a women’s desk under the DAR. The CARPER. nevertheless. has been criticized for still holding several pro-landlord commissariats. Harmonizing to the Philippine Harmonizing to an column published last August 10. 2009 in the Filipino Daily Inquirer. two of these commissariats favoring landlords are those necessitating the pledged testimony of the landlord saying that the farmer-beneficiary really worked the concerned piece of land. before any rubrics can be handed over ; and a proviso refering compensation for affected landholders. In an interview with Bulatlat. Anakpawis Partylist Rep.

Rafael Mariano besides aggressively criticized the status needed to implement Phase 3 of CARPER – that 90 % of those antecedently covered by CARP should be distributed before the concluding stage can be implemented. Progressive party-list groups besides preferred the Genuine Agrarian Reform Bill ( GARB ) over the CARPER. which included more amendments such as the free distribution of land. Despite being signed into jurisprudence on August 7. 2009. more than a twelvemonth after the CARL expired. as of September 2009 the DAR still has to let go of the implementing regulations and guidelines for CARPER

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