( Picture 1: Modern Ruin )
Modern Ruin located in Santa Fe, New Mexico, the USA. Santa Fe is sub-tropical clime, perennial controlled by Subtropical anticyclones. It should be hot and dry during full twelvemonth. However, it is chilly in the winter and warm in the summer due to high lift. Temperature varies greatly between twenty-four hours and dark during summer. Santa Fe is desiccated, with less than twenty percent humidness sometimes. Because of this sort of clime and conditions conditions, people need to construct the different signifiers of edifice to accommodate to the clime and intents. To be more specific, they need to construct a house which is cool in the summer and warm in the winter. Modern Ruin achieves certain invention based on fulfilling people’s basic demands of following clime.
As for traditional Pueblo architecture, people prefer to put in few doors and Windowss so that retain heat during the winter and keep cool during the summer. However, in order to accomplish these sorts of conditions, Modern Ruin adopts two window schemes. First, all Windowss are little, because little window can forestall sunshine in the twenty-four hours and warming loss quickly at the night.so that provide comfy indoor temperature for occupants. Furthermore, Santa Fe is a really dry country, blowing dust is inevitable. The design of little window besides can avoid come ining into the house. Second, most of Windowss are face towards north way. Harmonizing to the flight of Sun, the north-facing Windowss decrease the direct sunshine efficaciously.
The entry of this edifice faces towards north way. This is non merely good to avoid cold air current in the winter, but besides make accomplishment of cross airing in the summer. The out-of-door air remain its original temperature enter into indoor country, and so blend with indoor air in the procedure of flow. In fact, heat exchanges harmonizing to the temperature difference between indoor and outdoor and all the internal surfaces. As organisation of RIBA points out natural airing has several benefits such as low running cost, zero energy ingestion and so on. Natural airing besides regard as healthy life environment factor.
Modern Ruin is organized in an “L” shaped program. The corner of the “ L “ becomes a courtyard to some extent. The signifier of courtyard edifice is peculiar significance for waterless parts. First ground is the design of courtyard creates airing and regulates the flow of air. It can convey fresh air into indoor country. Most of the ancient Pueblo architecture besides applied courtyard
( Picture 2:“Liter”molded program )
Because of high temperature in summer, maintain cool temperature becomes important demands from occupants. Therefore, Architect decides to utilize overhanging roof above the window which can stop the sunshine in the summer. In this manner, overhangs avoiding direct sunshine and supplying more comfy environment for people to populating. As image 3 shows, overhanging provide shadow for occupants so that people can sit comfy under there. Furthermore, designers besides use roof to diminish internal temperature. The roof of Modern Ruin is level, non like Gothic architectures have steeples. The level roof helps to retain the H2O and diminish the internal temperature. Other convenient for occupants is supplying a topographic point where can dry materials which they want. The design of green roof besides becomes a originative portion in this edifice.
( Picture 2:Overhangingabove the window )
( Picture 3: people sit under overhang )
In order to remember the traditional manner of Pueblo architecture, Modern Ruin tried to be a sort of edifice which combined with antediluvian and cotemporary. For the frontage, it looks similar with ancient edifices but it is non precisely same. Architect utilizations exposed rammed Earth and corroding steel panels as mainly stuffs. Because it is chilly in winter in this country, midst rammed earth wall can supply protection against cold conditions. For the whole twenty-four hours, thick wall can assist to barricade the sunshine in the twenty-four hours, nevertheless, it besides resist cold air current at the dark. Rammed Earth formwork milled down to complete lumber eventually and gave occupants smooth external wall to populate. Although this country is a topographic point where has big temperature difference between twenty-four hours and dark, Modern Ruin adopts traditional midst wall and originative utilizations of stuffs to equilibrate human demands. The interior of Modern Ruin besides has difference with traditional Pueblo architecture. As image 5 shows, the open steels give a sense of industrial. Corrugated decking, fixtures, and exposed conduit become modern-day elements in this edifice. It is deserving adverting that the stuffs used in this deign are reused stuffs. It is means the design of Modern Ruin effort to be environmental. Excavation dirt was used in the rammed Earth mixture. If this edifice was destroyed one twenty-four hours, the stuffs will return to the Earth.
( Picture 4: inside wooden surface )
( Picture 5exposed steelsand wooden wall )
There are plentifulness of differences between traditional Pueblo architecture and Modern Ruin, even though Modern Ruin besides has important characters of Pueblo architecture. For the similarity, Modern Ruin besides uses vigas, level roof and similar frontage with traditional Pueblo architecture. But the most originative portion may be there are a figure of sustainable characteristics. Using inactive solar orientation is most of import portion for this design. Solar-thermal beaming floor warming is applied in Modern Ruin. It provides warm environment during chilly winter. In general, radiant-floor heating systems normally relate to PEX ( cross-linked polythene ) tubing embedded in slabs. Hot H2O is pumped through the tubings and so ensuing in slab becomes warm and easy radiates heat into the interior of the edifice. Because of less rainfall, cod rainwater is necessary for local occupants. Rain autumn is stored on one topographic point when it falls, and infiltrated into the land for landscapes and groundwater recharge. Therefore, in this edifice design, catchment of H2O and reuse of grey H2O are created, which are good to keep environing workss such as aspen trees, limber pines and so forth.
The factors effects this design besides have some societal grounds. The primary factor is authorities policy. From the history of the United States, the edifice manner became more and more similar around statehood. The visual aspect of edifices leads to phenomenon which is called “anywhere USA” . It means metropoliss in the United States look about the same and deficiency of certain characters. Therefore, in order to accomplish the end of advancing touristry, the authorities of Santa Fe decided to develop Spanish Pueblo resurgence. However, with the development of transit, a big figure of new stuffs were be applied when concept the edifices. Therefore, occupants began to utilize these new stuffs such as pressed metal and glass. For the design of Modern Ruin, the proprietor wanted to make a mix feeling of clean, elegant and industry. Harmonizing to this demand, architect incorporates rammed Earth and steel. Other factor influences this design which is alterations about life style of occupants. In the ancient clip, Pueblo preferred to populate together. However, live with households began to give manner to isolated bit by bit. Single-family homes have become the major life manner in Santa Fe. Therefore, Modern ruin is a non big constructing which is merely suited for a household. The concluding societal factor is environmental demand becomes popular. Therefore, Modern Ruin adopts plentifulness of measurings which are mentioned above to accomplish sustainable development.
To sum up, Modern Ruin is a modern-day edifice which attempts to follow on the manner of traditional Pueblo architecture. It creates new signifier of uniting modern-day and antediluvian. The schemes employed to cut down the energy ingestion can be conclude as inactive solar orientation, plate steel overhangs, natural airing, solar-thermal radiation floor warming, catchment of rain, green roof and reused edifice stuffs. These important elements provide more comfy interior environment for occupants.