Cctv Essay

NATIONAL COMMUNITY CRIME PREVENTION PROGRAMME Establishing and implementing CCTV in your local area This tip sheet sets out information that will help communities to conduct a needs analysis and create a plan for the appropriate use of CCTV in their local area. It also outlines the basic implementation issues that need to be thought through in deciding where to place CCTV, what kinds of systems might be the most useful and what the cost implications are.

Evaluation is also addressed in this tip sheet. Prepared in partnership with the Australian Institute of Criminology tip sheet 6 Establishing and implementing CCTV in your local area Initial steps establishing CCTV as a crime prevention strategy Before establishing CCTV as a crime prevention strategy in a local area, the following steps are recommended: n n n nanalysisoflocalcrimeshouldbeundertaken establishwhetherCCTVisoneofanumberofmeasuresthatarerequiredtoaddresscriminal activityand/orfearofcrime establishclearobjectivesaboutwhyaCCTVsystemisneededto: – effectivelypreventorreducecrimeintheareaundersurveillance(adeterrentforpotential offenders) – improvesenseofsafetyforgeneralpublicinthearea – providingevidencethatidentifiesoffendersandevents involvealocalcrimepreventionorsafetycommittee undertakecommunityconsultationbefore,duringandafterplanningandinstallation. dentifythepotentialpoliceroleandinterestandcapacityforinvolvement. Itisimportant toengagethepeoplewhowillusethesysteminthebeginningoftheplanningphase. Police particularlyneedtobeinvolvedastheywillbeaskedtorespondtoincidents,tosupply intelligenceforinstallationandtomakeuseoftheimagescollectedforevidenceforprosecution later. n n n If possible, an initial trial of a CCTV system should be conducted. The trial may indicate if you need to modify or correct any problems. Key implementation issues Costs n

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ThecostsofCCTVcanbesignificant,thereistheinitialsetupcostandthenrecurrentoperating costs. Systemsthatareactivelymonitored24hourswillbethemostexpensivetoimplementand maintain. Technologyisalsochangingandtherewillbefurthercostsassociatedwithupdatingthesystem, asnewtechnologybecomesavailable. Recentresearchinvestigatedhowlocalcouncilsfundedtheiropenairorshoppingmallsystems. Twenty-twopercentoflocalcouncilsthathadCCTVreportedtheysharedtheongoingcostsof CCTVsystemswithotherorganisations,withabusinesslevyorratebeingthemostcommon sourceofthisfunding(IRIS2005). n Legislation n Itisimportanttobeawareofandunderstandtheimplicationsofstateorterritorylegislationthat mayaffecttheusageofCCTVandanyimagescollected. Therelevantareasto considerinclude butmaynotbelimitedtoprivacylaws,humanrights,datastorageandaccess,andfreedomof informationprovisions. tip sheet 6 Establishing and implementing CCTV in your local area n Particularattentionmayneedtobepaidtoanymonitoringofprivateresidencesthatmayoccur.

TheNSWguidelinessuggestthatinNSWnoprivateresidencesshouldbemonitoredinthe surveillanceareawithouttheresidents’explicitpermission (seewww. lawlink. nsw. gov. au/lawlink/cpd/ll_cpd. nsf/vwFiles/cctv. pdf/$file/cctv. pdf) Technology n Skilledpeoplewhohaveknowledgeofvideoproductiontechnologyandthecapacityto implementaCCTVschemeneedtobeinvolvedindecisionsaboutthepurchaseofequipmentand initsinstallationandoperation. Therearetwotypesofcamera,staticorPTZ(pan,tiltandzoom)dependingonwhetheroperator controlledornot.

Ingeneral,operatorspreferPTZbutitismoreexpensiveasitrequiresmany cameraswithoverlappingvision. AustralianstandardsforCCTVarecurrentlyunderdevelopmentbyStandardsAustraliaandmay beavailablepubliclybythesecondhalfof2006. ThereareBritishcodesofpracticethatcontain muchofthetechnicalinformationthatneedstobeconsideredandunderstoodwhenconsidering whetheraCCTVsystemwillworkinlocalsituations (www. bsi-global. com/Security/Electronic/BS7958:1999. xalter).

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