What are the strengths and failing of Kotters 8-stage theoretical account, Lewins Planned Change Model, and the Positivist Model? “ Change direction is a planned procedure for altering a nucleus map or organisation of an endeavor. Interestingly, the procedure of developing taxonomy can ensue in the demand for alteration. See Choice Assurance ” ( www.twason.com/glossary.html )
Change direction is of import in every undertaking and this alteration direction will assist the undertaking to be successful in any concern or organisation. There are three theoretical accounts which help alter direction to be successful in an organisation or concern and further assist them to manage them carefully.
The three theoretical accounts which explain about the alteration in an organisation are:
Lewin ‘s theoretical account.
Kotter ‘s 8-stage theoretical account.
Positive theoretical account.
Lewin ‘s theoretical account
There three stairss of alteration direction in the Lewin ‘s theoretical account.
Unfreezing is a get downing procedure in an organisation in which we determine the demand of the alteration, understand and explicate why the alteration is traveling on and pass on the vision in order to manage alteration in an organisation. In this starting phase of alteration, the organisation should explicate the employees why the alteration is taking topographic point. When this procedure starts there may be a crisis in the company and the company should equilibrate everything and it is hard to keep it among the employees.
The 2nd phase is Change and this is a procedure in which the employee attempts to look frontward for new ways to make their work and seek to accept the new alteration. This full alteration can non be done nightlong and this is a long procedure.
The 3rd phase is Refreeze which helps to re-shape the organisation and employees and besides happen new ways to work in the organisation and it besides help the organisation to derive a alteration in every- twenty-four hours concern life. There should be benefits to the employees who are seeking to happen new ways to work and the feedback should be taken from the employees sing the alteration in the company.
Strengths and Failings of lewin ‘s theoretical account are.
The chief strength of the lewin ‘s theoretical account can be specified as easiest and simplest theoretical account to implement in any organisation. It besides helps employees to confront new jobs and to get the better of those. When the alteration is taken topographic point, the communicating between every person will increase and they work in squads in order to get the better of the jobs.
The failings of this theoretical account lead to the crisis in the company and the full alteration can non be done nightlong and there may be batch of confusion in the employees and they need to happen new ways to make their work. The failings of this theoretical account are non in item.
Kotter ‘s 8- phase theoretical account
The 8- phases of kotter ‘s theoretical account are
Form a powerful alliance.
Make a vision for alteration.
Communicate the vision.
Create short-run wins.
Building on the alteration.
Anchor the alterations in corporate civilization.
These are 8-stages of kotter ‘s phase theoretical account.
The first phase of kotter ‘s helps the organisation to happen out the alterations to be taken topographic point in the organisation and helps to happen the menaces and defaults in the company and besides rectify them and this phase shows the chances to get the better of these. Finally this phase helps the organisation in going strong.
In the 2nd phase, organize a powerful alliance which helps to construct squads or groups to take the alterations in the organisation and besides helps to promote the squads.
The 3rd phase creates a vision of alteration. That is to “ Make a vision to assist direct the alteration attempt ” ( MINDTOOLS, 2006 ) . This besides helps to develop the schemes for accomplishing the ends.
The 4th phase is pass oning the vision. This phase shows how to pass on the new schemes and new ways to every person in the organisation.
The 5th phase is taking obstructions. This phase shows how to take the obstructions when alterations take topographic point and helps to Change systems or constructions that earnestly undermine the vision. ( MINDTOOLS, 2006 ) .
The 6th phase shows the Plan for seeable public presentation betterments and creates those betterments ( MINDTOOLS, 2006 ) . There should be wagess and benefits to the employees who perform good in the organisation.
The 7th phase is same as the “ Change ” in lewin ‘s theoretical account.
The 8th phase is same as the “ Refreezing ” in the lewin ‘s theoretical account.
Strengths and failings of the kotter ‘s 8-stages are
The strengths of the kotter ‘s 8-stage is theoretical account is really simplistic and easy to understand instead than lewin ‘s theoretical account.
The strength of this theoretical account is, it can easy place the job and it besides helps to unclutter the job in really short period.
This can be successful when all the employees are communicated good in all the phases.
The major failing of this theoretical account is that it may take to incorrect premises.
Another failing of this theoretical account is, the theoretical account itself. This theoretical account is non flexible one time this theoretical account starts it ‘s procedure than it is hard to alter its manner.
This theoretical account is hard to pass on to the employees and which may take to frustration among the employees to happen the new ways to manage the alteration happening in the organisation.
Change theoretical accounts are non merely holding high success in implementing but besides have the failures every bit. They besides have the negativity in be aftering their organisational alteration. The positive theoretical account helps to knock the negativity in the organisational planning. This positive theoretical account besides guides the organisation whether it is traveling in a right manner or non and helps the organisation to develop.
There are 5 phases in this positive theoretical account. ( Thomas G. Cummings, Christopher G. Worley, 2009 )
Initiate the enquiry: In this stage the organisation squad finds out the issue which is traveling to be alteration in the organisation. ( Thomas G. Cummings, Christopher G. Worley, 2009 )
Inquire the best patterns: In this stage the organisation squad gathers the information about which is the best policy to implement the alteration. The organisation squad members collect the information from every person of the organisation and take the best 1 to make. ( Thomas G. Cummings, Christopher G. Worley, 2009 )
Discover the subjects: In this stage they gather information and narratives from each and every employee about their experience this is done by interviews and meetings. This sort of information helps the organisation to get the better of all the obstructions. ( Thomas G. Cummings, Christopher G. Worley, 2009 )
Envision a preferable hereafter: In this stage the gathered information from the employees is taken into consideration and so the organisation support these thoughts into the plan. ( Thomas G. Cummings, Christopher G. Worley, 2009 )
Design and present to make the hereafter: In this stage, the design and deliver for the hereafter is processed. In this stage, little alterations can be made in order to accomplish the ends of the organisation. ( Thomas G. Cummings, Christopher G. Worley, 2009 )
Strengths and failings of the positive theoretical account:
The strength of this theoretical account is, it helps to happen out the negativity in the organisation when the alteration is taken topographic point.
The employee satisfaction is taken as a chief subject in this theoretical account.
This theoretical account is flexible and little alterations can be done during this procedure.
The failing of this theoretical account is that it will non make urgency in the alteration procedure.
There may be struggles between the employees in determination devising.
There is no forte in this theoretical account. It is same as the staying theoretical accounts.
I eventually conclude that all the theoretical accounts have their ain strengths and failings. The lewin ‘s theoretical account is the easiest theoretical account but it is non explained in item and it is complicated. Positive theoretical account is same as the staying theoretical accounts and it is somewhat different when compared to staying theoretical accounts.
I strongly recommend that kotter ‘s 8-stage theoretical account is the best theoretical account among all the alteration theoretical accounts as it is explained in item and it is flexible in altering procedure and the communicating between the employees when compared with the other theoretical accounts. So I eventually conclude that, though all are the best theoretical accounts harmonizing to my research, but I strongly say that kotter ‘s 8-stage theoretical account is the best theoretical account.