Changes During the Begin of The 13 Colonies BY evilb0Y1378 Today at 9:01 PM Between the settlement at Jamestown in 1607 and the Treaty of Paris in 1763, the most important change that occurred in the colonies was the extension of British ideals far beyond the practice in England itself. Changes in religion, economics, politics, and social structures illustrate this Americanization of the transplanted Europeans. By 1763, although some colonies still maintained established churches, other olonies had accomplished a virtual revolution for religious toleration and separation of church and state.
Britain had an established church, the Anglican Church or Church of England, which became the established church in the South, while most New England colonies established the Congregational Church. However, Roger William’s Rhode Island offered complete freedom of religion; Pennsylvania offered substantial freedom to Christians; and Maryland passed an Act of Toleration in 1649 hen its Catholics were threatened with becoming a minority. The variety of religions and nationalities eventually doomed the concept of an established church in the American colonies.
In a similar economic revolution, the colonies outgrew their mercantile relationship with the mother country and developed an expanding capitalist system on their own. The main economic advantage in the North was the fact that it was in a good trading location and had good ports. That is why the North was mainly a ndustrial area, producing lumber, ships, naval supplies, distilled materials, and was also a supreme area for the triangle trade.
The ship building and naval industry led to stength in the fishing and waling and the area was good for furs. These colonies were soon angered at the mother countries attempt to prevent self-sufficiency with the Navigation Acts and Molasses Acts, which led to the economic revolution, slowly merging them slowly into more capitalist economy. Building on English foundations of political liberty, the colonists extended the oncepts of liberty and self-government far beyond those envisioned in the mother country.
For example, the colony of Pennsylvania had its own representative assemDly elected Dy tne landowners 0T tne colony . I ne Purltans naa a aemocratlc process for electing officials and schoolmasters. The men of the towns would meet at the church and discuss matters of importance. In contrast to the well-defined and hereditary class of England, the colonies developed a fluid class structure which enabled the industrious individual to rise on the social ladder.
The average white man added ten years to his life Just by making the choice to move to New England, and was typically not from the aristocracy or lower class of Europe. Although some indentured servants may have been “from the dregs”, those who worked hard could move up a notch in the social order, something that was considered not possible in England. The majority of White Americans were farmers, and not aristocrats or homeless people. There existed no dominant person in the social order nor extremely poor class in the New World.