Chapter 2 - Medical Terminology & Anatomy Review

What is NOT a function of the skin?
Acts as a gland by synthesizing vitamin A.
Inflammation of the membrane lining the abdominal cavity and covering the abdominal organs is called
Peritonitis
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Bone marrow harvesting is a procedure to obtain bone marrow from a donor. Bone marrow collected from a close relative is
Allogenic
The radiology term fluoroscopy is described as
An X-ray procedure allowing the visualization of internal organs in motion
Which of the following is NOT true of the thoracic diaphragm
It is a frequent site of a Spigelian (lateral ventral) hernia
Arthritis is an inflammation of what?
Joint
The mediastinum does not contain:
Lungs
What bone has trochanters?
Femur
What characterizes the disorder dystonia?
Abnormal muscle tone causing abnormal postures and muscle spasm
Which respiratory structure is comprised of cartilage and ligaments?
Trachea
Which cells produce hormones to regulate blood sugar?
Pancreatic islets
A patient diagnosed with glaucoma has:
Abnormally high intraocular pressure
What is a function of the alveoli in the lungs?
Oxygen exchange
The operative overlapping of tissue to repair a defect in the diaphragm is called:
Imbrication
Which of the following best describes psoriasis?
A chronic condition characterized by red, dry, elevated lesions, covered by silvery scales.
Restriction of blood supply, commonly due to factors in the blood vessel, that can result in damage or dysfunction of tissue is known as:
Ischemia
The root word for mouth is:
Stomat/o
The term episiotomy best describes a procedure of what type?
An incision made in the perineum to enlarge the passage for the fetus during delivery
Intrathecal injection is administered into the:
Subarachnoid space
What distinguishes a sentinel node from other lymph nodes?
A sentinel node is the first lymph node in a group of nodes to be reached by metastasizing cancer cells
Destruction of lesions of the vulva can be done with cryosurgery. This method uses:
Extreme cold
A Bartholin’s gland cyst may be treated by marsupialization. This treatment is described as:
Create an opening to the gland and suture the cut edges to form a pouch
What condition results from an injury to the head? The symptoms include headache, dizziness and vomiting.
Concussion
The process of preserving cells or whole tissues at extremely low temperatures is known as:
Cryopreservation
Upon leaving the stomach, nutrients move through the small intestine in what order?
Duodenum, jejunum, ileum.
A patient is diagnosed with inflammation of the testis and epididymis. The medical term for this condition is:
Orchiepididymitis
Impetigo is best described as:
A bacterial skin infection
What is true about the function of the cochlea?
It transmits sound only
What is the great toe called?
Hallux
A meningioma is defined as:
Tumor of the meninges
What system does NOT circulate fluids throughout the body?
Endocrine system
A medical treatment used to remove the waste products in the blood is:
Hemodialysis
The root for pertaining to pancreatic islet cells is:
Insul/o
A form of milk produced the first few days after giving birth is:
Colostrum
A part of the male genital system sitting below the urinary bladder and surrounding the urethra is called the:
Prostate
Which of the following is significant of an abdominal aortic aneurysm?
It is a weakness in a large artery and rupture can be deadly
The term for a shaking or involuntary movement is:
Tremor
Muscle is attached to bone by what method?
Tendons, aponeurosis and directly to bone
A respiratory disease characterized by overexpansion and destruction of the alveoli is identified as:
Emphysema
The meaning of the root myring/o is:
Tympanic membrane
How many lobes make up the right lung?
Three
Which of the following is true of the stratum germinativum?
It lies on top of the dermis and has access to a rich supply of blood.
Splenorrhaphy is described as:
Suture of a wound of the spleen
A thin membrane lining the chambers of the heart and valves is called the:
Endocardium
Which of the following best describes constituent components of the human lymphatic system?
Lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels, spleen, thoracic duct
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