Chapter 26: The Structure of Living Things

Question Answer
anatomy the study of internal and external body structures and parts of an animal
benign noncancerous tumor
cell basic unit of life and the structureal basis of an animal
cell division process that occurs when a cell splits into two cells
cell membrane cell wall that forms the outside of a cell that holds the structures together
connective tissue holds and supports body structures by connecting cells
cytoplasm the liquid or fluid portion of a cell that allows the internal structures to move
daughter cells four cells that are created from one cell during meiosis and each cell has half the number of chromosomes of the parent cell
enzyme chemical that changes other chemicals during metabolism
epithelial tissue protective layer that cover the bodys organs and acts as a lining of internal and external structures
histology the study of tissues
infection invasion of the body by foreign matter causing illness and disease
inflammation protective mechanism causing redness, swelling, and pain
lysosomes the structures within the cell that digest food and proteins
malignant cancerous tumor
meiosis cell division for breeding and reproductive processes
metabolism reaction within the body that allows chemicals to break down and be used by the body
mitochondria powerhouse of the cell, and the part of the cell that makes energy
mitosis cell division that divides one cell into two cells and aids in animal growth and tissue repair
muscular tissue allows movement of body parts
nervous tissue contains particles that respond to a stimulus and cause a reaction in the body
nucleolus located within the nucleus and forms genetic material
organ group of tissues
organelle structures that are found within the cell
pathology the study of cells and disease
physiology the study of the functions of body structures and how they work
ribosomes structures within the cell that make protein
somatic cells cells that divide in mitosis and help in growth and repair of the body
tissue a group of cells similar in function and structure
tumor cell division and development in localized areas

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