Chapter 30 The Respiratory Sytem

Question Answer
alveoli tiny sacs of air at the end of the bronchioles
asthma condition of the lungs that have difficulty taking in enough oxygen
bordatella tracheobronchitis, commonly called kennel cough
bronchi branches at the base of the each lung connected by large passages
bronchioles tiny tubes that connect to the lungs and bronchi and resemble tree branches
bronchodilator medications may be used to open up the bronchioles and lungs
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) respiratory condition similar to asthma or heaves that causes difficulty breathing
crackle noise that sounds like cellophane
cyanosis blue color of mouth and gums due to lack of oxygen
diaphragm area of the chest that surrounds the ribs, heart, lungs, and protects the chest organs
diaphragmatic hernia condition that affects the diaphragm by causing a tear in the chest muscle and internal organs may protrude out
endotracheal tube tube placed in the windpipe to create and establish an airway during anesthesia or CPR
epiglottis covering or flap that prevents food from entering the airway and lungs during swallowing
exhalation act of exhaling or letting air of out of the lungs
glottis opening into the larynx
heaves respiratory condition in horses due to an allergic reaction, usually to dust
inhalation act of inhaling or brining air into the lungs
larynx cartilate that opens into the airway and lies within the throat area
lungs organs that surround the heart and inflate with air for breathing
nares nostrils or nose
pharynx throat area for the passage of air or food
pleura double membrane covering that lines the lungs
pleural cavity double membrane covering the holds the lungs
pleural friction rub abnormal lung sounds that develops with pneumonia and causes a crackling noise
pneumonia condition of the lungs causing inflammation and may be of viral or bacterial sources
rale noise or crackly caused by the lungs during pneumonia
respiration the process of breathing through inhalation and exhalation
respiratory system part of the body that controls oxygen circulation through the lungs and body
roaring respiratory condition in horses that sounds like a roar due to the larynx only opening a small amount due to trauma on the nerves of the throat area
shipping fever a condition that occurs in livestock that are being transported
sneezing act of removing dust or other particles from the respiratory tract through physical force
thoracic cavity the chest
trachea the windpipe
upper respiratory infection condition causing sneezing, coughing, nasal discharge, ocular discharge, wheezing, and difficulty breathing
wheezing sounds produced during asthma that causes difficulty breathing

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