Chapter 38 Microbiology and parasitology as disease processes

Question Answer
Ancylostoma caninum hookworm species that live in the small intestine of their host animal where they attach and feed on the host's blood
anemia loss of blood causing blood cells not to replenish
anthelmintic a dewormer used to treat parasites in animals
antibiotic medication used to treat infection or disease
ascarids veterinary term for roundworms
babesia less common disease caused by the deer tick that causes signs of anemia, jaundice, fever, vomiting, and more kidney failure
bacterial class of disease spread through single celled organisms called germs and are located in all areas of an animal's environment
bartonella bacteria caused by a flea bite that affects cats within their bloodstream and infects the RBC and immune system
biological drugs used to treat a disease
brucellosis reproductive disease of mammals spread through breeding
chemotherapy therapy treatment with chemicals or drugs
coccidiosis common protozoan internal parasite that is simple one celled organism that occurs in all mammals
Coggins test blood test in equines that screens for EIA
cryosurgery procedure involving freezing parts of tissue
cutaneous larval migrans hookworm infection in humans caused by penetrating the skin
demodectic mange mite that invades the skin, all dogs raised normally by their mothers possess this mite
dermatophytosis fungal disease caused by an external parasite
Diplydium caninum tapeworm species that can be up to 20 inches long and lives in the small intestine
direct contact contact with an animal or a bodily fluid from that animal
Dirofilaria immitis heartworm species that belong to the same class as roundworms and looks similar in structure
disease poor health that is a disturbance or change in an animal's function and structure
ear mites microscopic parasites that live in the ear canal causing severe itching and a dark crusty discharge
ehrlicia bacterial disease caused by the lone star tick and causes fever, joint pain, depression, anemia, anorexia, weight loss, and some skin swelling
encephalitis viral disease in horses and people that is called sleeping sickness, spread by mosquitoes
equine infectious anemia highly infectious disease of horses also known as swamp fever, a viral disease for which there is not vaccine or cure
feline infectious anemia another name for hemobartonella, which causes an infection within the red blood cells of cats
flea allergy dermatitis allergic reaction to a flea bite caused by the flea's saliva that affects the animal's skin
fungal class of disease spread by simple celled organisms or spores that grow on the external body and other areas of the environment, mostly in moist and humid conditions
heartworm disease disease spread by the mosquito, of most concern in dogs and cats but occassionaly ferrets, causing long white worms to buildup in the heart
hookworms common intestinal parasite of dogs and occasionally cats that have teeth like structures of cutting plates with which they attach themselves to the wall of the intestine and feed on the animal's blood
host the animal that is infected by a parasite and that the parasite feeds off of
indirect contact spread through ways other than touching an infected animal, such as airborns or through bedding sources
Iospora canis common coccidia speceis affecting animals
larvae immature stage of a parasite
Lyme disease bacterial disease transmitted by the bite of a tick that causes joint inflammation in affected animal
microbiology the study of microscopic organisms
microfilaria tiny immature heartworm larvae that live in the bloodstream
mucous membrane (mm) the gums of an animal
neoplasia veterianry term for cancer
nits lice eggs
oocysts single celled eggs
Parascaris equorum roundworm species in large animals that are swallowed in contaminated hay or water
parasitology the study of organisms that live off of other organisms to survive
pathogens diseases and what causes them
pesticides chemical used to treat external parasites
plague disease that affects animals and humans and causes high fever, dehydration, and enlarged lymph nodes, can eventually lead to death
preconditioning building up an animal's body to prevent stress from occurring
proglotids segments that shed off a tapeowmr and appear like small white pieces of rice
protozoan class of disease, the simplest form of life caused by single celled organisms that are known as parasites that may live inside of outside the body
pupae immature larvae stage that go through several molting stages during growth by spinning a cocoon
rickettsial class of disease spread by biting insects, such as fleas and ticks
ringworm fungal condition that affects the skin of humans and mammals and is highly contagiosu
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever rickettsial disease transmitted by the American Dog Tick and causes signs that include fever, joint pain, depression ,and anorexia
roundworms visible long white worms that are the most common intestinal parasites in small and large animals
sarcoptic mange name for the skin disease caused by infection with the Sarcoptes scabei mite that causes a zoonotic mite skin infection, burrow into the skin
scabies sarcoptic mange condition in humans
strongyles common intestinal parasite in large animals that are long, thin, and white in appearance
supportive care therapy or treatment that includes such treatments as fluid replacement, medications to decrease V/D, and pain medication
taenia genus of tapeworm that affects companion animals and livestock
tapeworms intestinal flatworms that are segmented or have individual parts that grow and shed as the parasite ages
Toxocara canis roundworm species with a more complicated life cycle and an effective way of making sure it's species will be passed from generation to generation
Toxocara cati roundworm species similar to T. canis that may infect the lungs of abdominal tissus
Toxascaris leonina roundworm species with the simplest life cycle
Toxoplasma gondii single celled organisms that can occur in any mammal but is shed through the feces of cats, which are the only animals that pass it through the feces
Trichuris vulpis whipworm sepceis infect animals through ingesting contaminated food and water
viral class of disease caused by particles that are contagious and spread through the environment
whipworms common intestinal parasites, occuring mostly in dogs, that gets its name from the whip like shape of the adult parasite
zoonosis disease passed from animals to humans

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