Chapter 43 The Physical exam and patient history vocab

Question Answer
abdominal system includes the stomach, intestines, and internal organs, such as the liver, pancreas, and spleen
alopecia area of hair loss
atrophy the shrinking of the muscle when it is not being used
auscultation process of listening to the heart, chest, and lungs for any abnormal sounds using a stethoscope
cheif complaint the reason the animal is being seen by the vet
constrict to close
crackles abnormal sounds within the chest that sounds like cellophane paper
dilate to open
dyspnea difficulty breathing
head exam includes examining the eyes, ears,and nose
hydration status area evaluated over the neck and shoulders, eye sockets, and gums to determine how much water loss has occurred
integumentary system includes the kin, hair, pads, horns, beak, nails hooves, and feathers
knee jerk reaction the reaction to a slight tap over the knee joint that causes the knee to jerk in response to assess the nervous system
murmur abnormal heart sound that presents as a swishing sound
musculoskeletal system includes the bones, joints, and muscles
nervous system assessment of the brain and spinal cord through the response of pupil reflexes, the gait, as well as other body reflexes such as limbs, paws, and digits
observation an inspection of an animal at a distance to see what is looks like, acts like, or how it moves naturally
oral cavity includes the gums, mouth, teeth, tongue, and throat
patient history background information of past medical, surgical, nutritional, and behavioral factors that have occurred over the life of the animal
physical examination (PE) an observation of each body system to determine abnormal problems that can cause a health problem
rales abnormal sounds within the chest that sounds like musical notes
signalment the patient's name, age or date of birth, gender, color, and breed or species
toe pinch response digits can be pinched to elicit a response that should be to pull away from the pressure to assess the nervous system
triage a quick general assessment of an animal to determine how quickly the animal needs a vet's attention
urogenital system includes the kidneys, urinary bladder, external genitals, mammary glands, and rectal area
wheel barrow technique slightly lifting the animal's hind end off the ground and pushing the body forward into a wheelbarrow motion to assess the nervous system

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