Chapter 44 Examiniation procedures vocab

Question Answer
anisicoria unequal pupil size
aural hematoma ear filled with blood due to a blood vessel bursting
bradycardia decreased or slow heart rate
calculus mineralized plaque material that appears brown to dark yellow in color and is difficult to remove from teeth
capillary refill time (CRT) evaluates how well an animal's blood is circulating in the body by pressing on the gums and monitoring how long it takes for color to return to the area
carnassial tooth the largest teeth in an animal's mouth and are the upper fourth premolars and the lower first molars, common abscess sites
direct PLR normal pupil light response assessment
ectothermic temperature evaluated in an animal that regulates its own body temperature externally or through it's environment
endothermic temperature evaluated in an animal that regulates its body temperature internally or within the body
fever elevated body temperature due to excessive heat
floating filing down teeth that are overgrown and sharp
gingiva soft gum tissue
gingival hyperplasia excessive amounts of gingival tissue growth
gingivitis inflammation of the gums
heart rate (HR) evaluates how many beats the heart produces in a minute
heat stroke serious condition where the body overheats at temperatures 105 degrees or more
hyperthermia condition where the body temperature is above normal and causes the animal to have a fever
hyphema blood noted inside the eye
hypothermia condition where the body temperature is below normal causing the animal to become cold
indirect PLR abnormal pupil light response assessement
jaundice yellow coloration to the skin or mucous membranes
mucous membrane (mm) the gums of an animal and their color
nystagmus condition that causes the eyes to bounce from side to side or in a circular motion
plaque soft buildup of material found over the surfaces of the teeth that is composed of bacteria, food materials, and saliva
prophylaxis professional cleaning of the teeth
pulse the heart rate
respiratory rate (RR) measures the breathing of an animal and evaluates how many breaths an animal takes in a minute
tachycardia increased or elevated heart rate
tooth abscess infection of the tooth root
TPR refers to the temperature, pulse, and respiration
vital signs the signs of life that are measurements to assess the basic functions of animal's body and include the heart rate, respiratory rate, temperature, blood pressure, mucous membrane color, CRT, and weight of an animal
weight tape the use of a measurement tape around the girth of an animal that gives an estimate of its body mass

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