Chapter 49 Radiology Procedures Vocabulary

Question Answer
anterior posterio (AP) the xray beam penetrates the anterior portion of the body area as the entrance and posterior portion of the body as the exit point
automatic film processing equipment that develops and dries the film automatically
barium enema a large amount of substance passed into the colon via the rectum that flouresces
barium study a series of films taken as the material passes through the digestive tract
barium sulfate an example of a material or substance administered into the body to show structures on an xray film that would otherwise be difficult to view
caliper device or instrument with a simple ruler like tool that slides on a fixed bar or arm that moves parallel to it and is used to measure the thickness of the body
cassette tool that holds the xray film
centimeters (cm) measurement used in measuring body parts for xrays
collimator part of the machine that sets the size of the xray beam that produces radiation to take the picture
contrast medium material or substance admnistered into the body to show structures on an xray film that would otherwise be difficult to view
developer solution chemical that develops the film
diagnostic imaging the term used for performing radiographs, ultrasounds, and endoscopy
dorsoventral (DV) view is the animal positioned on its stomach with the xray beam going through the back first and the stomach second
dosimeter xray badge that measures the amount of radiation a person is exposed to
endoscope fiber optic instrument used to visualize structures inside the body
endoscopy the procedure of visually examining the interior of the body by using an endoscope or a tool used to view the inside of the body
film hanger used to secure film for manual processing and development
fixer solution chemical the fixes the xray film and helps maintain the life span of the film allowing it to stay readable
fixing process of using a solution to maintain the life of an xray film
grid technique the plate that holds the film below the xray table
hand tanks large containers that hold chemicals and water from developing film
intensifying screens located within the film cassettee to help produce a better exposure to the film
kilovoltage peak (kVp) the strength of the xray beam
lateral (LAT) an animal positioned on its side
lower GI a contrast film of the lower digestive tract organs and is often given via enema
manual developing developing xrays by hand using chemical tanks
milliamperage (mA) represents the number of xray beams based on time
oblique view used on areas that need to be placed at an angle to prevent double exposure from other body organs
processing process of developing film that involves being in a darkroom that has no light source or light leaks from outside areas
radiation safety hazard that allows xrays to be produced to take a radiograph
radiology the study of radiation
radiolucent appearing black or dark grey in color and may indicate soft tissue or air and may be an exposing factor relateding to increased exposure settings or improper patient measurement
radiopaque appearing white to light grey in color and may indicate hard tissue such as bone or may be an exposure factor in which the machine settings were too low or the patient was not properly positioned
rinsing using water to remove any chemicals from an xray film
safe light a red light that is low in intensity and a filter that doesn't damage the film
screen area that lines the film cassette
sonogram the printout of an ultrasound recording
tabletop technique the distance between the xray tube and the top of the xray table surface and the film cassette is placed on top of the table in contact with the patient
technique chart a listing of settings on the xray machine based on the thickness of the area to be radiographed
transducer the instrument used with an ultrasound that scans the body and transmits the waves back to the screen
ultrasound diagnostic tool using ultrasonic waves to view images of internal organs and structures
upper GI a contrast sutdy of the structures of the upper digestive tract in which the barium is given orally
ventrodorsal (VD) animal positioned on its back with the xray beam going through the ventral area first (stomach) and the dorsal area second (back)
xray common term for radiograph
xray log records the patient's name, client's name, date, xray number, and xray position, thickness of body measurement, and area exposed
xray tube part of the machine that holds the radioation source

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