Chapter 8 Dog Breed Identification and Production Management

Question Answer
aggressive behavior of an animal exhibiting an attempt to do harm such as biting
alopecia hair loss
anal glands scent glands or sacs located on each side of the rectum
anatomy the study of body structures
anemia low red blood cell count due to inability of the body to make or replace blood cells
anorexia not eating
anthelmintic medication also know as a dewormer, used to treat and prevent parasites
antibody aubstance that acts to protect the immune system
ascarid intestinal parasite, long white worm, also called a roundworm
bacterial disease caused by bacterium
booster series of vaccinations given multiple times to build up the immune system
brachycephalic short, nonexistent nasal area, give a flat face appearance
canine distemper viral infection may be fatal to puppies, dogs who recover may have long term neurologic effects
Canis familiaris genus and species of the domesticated dog
carnivore meat eating
cephalic venipuncture blood collection from a vein inside the front leg
chemical restraint use of sedatives of tranquilizers to calm and control an animal
clot stop or control bleeding
coat conditioner spray placed on hair coat to eliminate dryness of skin and hair
coccidiosis protozoan disease vaused by contaminated bird dropping in water and soil sources
colostrum milk produced by females within the first 24 hours of giving birth, provides antibodies that protect the immune system
contagious capable of spreading disease
cutenous larval migrans hookworm infection caused by penetrating the skin
demodectic mange disease caused by demodex mange mite on the skin and hair of dogs
designer breed the cross breeding of two breeds to form a new breed not recognized by the AKC
dewclaw first digit on the paw, doesn't make contact with the ground
domestication taming of an animal to coexist peaceably with humans
dorsal recumbency restraint position with animal placed on its back
dremel tool used to grind nails
dystocia difficult labor process
ear mite insect living in the ear canal
ear plucking removal of hair from the ear canal
endothermic ability to regulate body temperature within the body
estrus cycle period of time when a female dog is receptive to a male dog for mating, also known as the heat cycle
fecal egg analysis test to determine the type of parasite found in fecal matter of an animal
finger brush tool used to clean a dog's teeth
flea external parasite, wingless, feeds off blood
forcep tools used to remove hair or parasite from the body
fungal disease caused by a fungus that lives or grows on the body
gauze thin cotton like material used for bandages and for making quick restraint muzzles
giardiasis protozoan disease caused by water contamination
grooming process of trimming and bathing in an appropriate manner
heartworm disease caused by internal parasites that lives in the heart and bloodstream, transmitted by mosquito
heat period of time when a female dog is receptive to a male dog for mating, also known as the estrus cycle
hepatitis inflammation of the live
hookworm internal parasite, may pass through skin and pads from contaminated soil
housebreaking training a dog to eliminate outside
hybrid the cross breedings of two dogs to form a new breed
impacted difficult or unable to pass
incubation time an animal becomes infected with disease
intramuscular (IM) into a muscle
jugular venipuncture restraint position with an animal placed in sitting restraint with the head and neck extended upward to pull blood from the vein in the neck
lateral recumbency restraint with animal lying on its side
leptospirosis bacterial disease transmitted through contact with contaminated urine
lethargy inactive, tired
lice tiny insects that live on hair, species specific, contagious
lifespan length of time an animal will live, based on bod size and health
life stages particular periods of an animals life characterized by specific needs during that time
ligated to tie off
Lyme disease bacterial disease transmitted throug the bite of ticks
maintenance diet nutrition that allows an animal to stay at the same weight
mat tangled pieces of hair
microfilaria young heartworm stage
microscopic very small, unable to view with the naked eye
mite insects that live on the skin, hair, ir ear
mixed breed animals of unknown parentage that is a combination of two or more breeds
monogastric having one stomach
muzzle equipment placed over the nose to prevent biting
nail trim cutting the length of the nail to prevent injury and promote comfort
neurological pertaining to the brain and spinal cord
neuter surgical removal of the male reproductive organs
nit larvae of lice
obedience training to a dog to obey commands
oral pertaining to the mouth
orchidectomy castration, surgical removal of the testicles
orphaned young animal that is rejected by or loses its mother
ovariohysterectomy (OHE) surgical removal of the uterus and ovaries
paralysis unable to move body parts
parasite internal or external insects that live off an animal
parvovirus viral infection causes severe and blood diarrhea
physical examination assessment of the animal to determine overall health status
physical restraint use of a person's body to control the position of an animal's body
physiology study of body functions
proglottid tapeworm segment that is shed as the tapeworm grows
protozoan disease caused by a single celled organism
puberty sexual maturity
purebred animal with known parentage of one breed
quick blood supply in the nail bed
rabies viral infection spread through saliva, fatal
rabies laws legal standard in each state to prevent the spread of rabies infections
rabies poles tools used to restraint and control an animal
ration specified amount of food
recumbency lying position
reduced calorie diet meals low in calories to promote weight loss
rickettsial disease caused by parasites that invade the body, spread by biting insects
ringworm fungus that grows on the skin and is contagiosu
Rocky Mountain Spotted fever rickettsial disease caused by ticks
roundworms intestinal parasite that appears long and white
saphenous venipuncture restraint position with an animal placed in lateral recumbency to draw blood from the outer thigh area
sarcoptic mange disease caused by a mite that lives on hair and skin, contagious
scabies sarcoptic mange in humans
scent glands sacs located on either side of the rectum, also called anal glands
sedative medication used to calm an animal
senior diet nutritional requirements for an older less active animal
silver nitrate stick applicator used to apply a chemical that will stop bleeding
skin mite insects that live within hair and skin, not visible to the nake eye
slicker brush tool used to brush the hair coat
snare pole tool used to restrain and control an animal
socialization interaction with other animals and people to become used to them
sternal recumbency restraint position with the animal lying on its ches and abdoment
styptic powder chemical used to stop bleeding
subcuteneous injection given under the skin
tail docking surgical removal of all or part of the tail
tapeworm internal parasites caused by ingesting fleas, long segmented bodies
tetanus bacterial disease caused by a wound, commonly called lockjaw
ticks wingless insects, feeds of blood of animals
topical application medication skin or outside of body
training teaching an animal to understand specific desired habits
tranquilizer medication used to calm an animal
vaccine program injections given to protect animals from common diseases and build up the immune system
vector an insect or organism that transmits a disease
verbal restraint voice commands
viral caused by a virus
visceral larval migrans roundworm infection in humans
weaned process of young animals to stop nursing
whipworms internal parasites ingested from soil
zoonotic disese passed from animal to humans

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