Axia College Material Appendix B Complete the following chart. The first column shows the name of a research method used in psychology. In the second column, write a brief description of that research method. In the third column, provide a situation when this method could be applied. |Research Method |Description |Application | |Scientific method |Identify a problem and create a hypothesis. You would use this type of method when a | | |Design a experiment using dependent and |company is testing a new drug. | | |independent variables. Experiment using | | | |experimental and controlled groups. | | | |Evaluate hypothesis and if need be change | | | |the hypothesis.
Communicate results. | | |Case study method |Use of descriptive research to obtain an in|You would use this type of method when | | |depth analysis of a person, group, or |doing research such as a child youth | | |phenomenon |service assistant to figure out what the | | | |best result is for the child in question. |Survey method |Gathering information from a larger number |The census is a survey to help figure out | | |of users |different things a town/county could use | | | |their money for. | |Naturalistic observation method |Observing subjects in their natural |This is used when a scientist is trying to | | environment |study the natural behaviors of an animal in| | | |their own habitat | |Correlation method |Statistical measurement of the relationship|This is used for historical data and other | | |between to variables |information that can be collected and | | | |compared. |Experimental method |manipulating one variable to determine if |This is used to study cause and effect | | |changes in one variable cause changes in |situations. An example would be if you | | |another variable |stated that a child that gets everything | | | |they wanted will grow up to be dependent on| | | |others. |