Child Labour in The Philippines Child labour can be defined as a part of a community which is forced or participate to work even if they are paid or not. Which are harmful to their health and dispossess them the chances to education, development, and a healthy living. Child labour is one the major problems here in Camarines sur. Since we are a third world country, even if we are not capable to do work, we are obligated to find a Job to and sustain our needs. It is linked to poverty and lack of decent and productive work. It makes the children away from school.
The measurement of child work cannot be divorced from its conomic and social significance. traditionally, a welfare perspective has been adopted, by which child labour is regarded spective has been adopted, by which child labour is regarded as an evil to be eliminated. But it is difficult to make a general welfare Judgement on the work of children that can be maintained across time and cultures. In many societies, particularly in low-income rural areas, a gradual incorporation of the child into work activity occurs between the ages of about 5 and 15, so that, whether for good or for bad, child work is part of the process of socialisation.
Some types of work are a source of pride, atatus and perhaps independence for the children themselves. the employment of children often also provides an important supplement to the incomes of poor families. But child labour frequently involves diverse forms of exploitations, in which the beneficiaries are members either of another class or of another generation. According to a developmental psychology study, every child should get out with other children and play. This will help them to develop their motor skills and their socialization. One cause for this child labour is the lacking of Job opportunities for he parents.
Child labour should be stopped and let the elderly do their Job as they are working and have no time to be educated and to study while their parents are working instead. Hazards are also unavoidable, it may harm children’s health which may lead to low intellectual abilities such as reading and solving simple practical problems Also, they have no chance of socializing to other children. Maybe, their only chance to socialize is while they are at work, communicating with each other. Child labour is not only a hindrance in a developing child but also a limitation in a nation’s evelopment.
Life is not easy while you were working and still a child. We could not expect the best out of them, they have no choice but to work. That’s their only chance to survive. (Minuchin& Shapiro, school is the institution reflecting the culture of which it is part, and transmitting to the young an ethos and a world view as well as specific skills and knowledge. “, (p. 197). Formal schooling can begin at the age or 5 ana 1. t I Is a social system In wnlcn cn110ren learn ana unaerstana morallty attitudes and manners relating to other children.
All schools offer and provide the hildren’s major peer group system and it may influence others as well. Developmental Psychologists are interested in how and why the human organisms grows and changes from its initial form in utero to an adult being. Development can be defined as changes in a person’s physical and neurological structures, behaviour, and traits that emerge in orderly ways and are reasonably enduring. In the first 20 years of life, these changes usually result in new, improved ways of reacting??”that is, in behaviour that is healthier, more organized, more complex, more stable, more competent or more efficient.
We speak of the advances from creeping to walking, from babbling to talking, from concrete to abstract thinking as development. It is been a long debate here in the Philippines about the exploitation of child labor. The government of President Corazon Aquino is Seeking to formulate national policies to fight the growing problem of child work and also child prostitution. A good example of Child labor is the Muro-Ami Fishing Corporation. The company recruits 5,000-6,000 workers out of a total labour force of 7,500-8,000 from Oslob and Santader, two villages or barangays in the southern part of Cebu.
Fishing is their ain sources of income to feed their families and their necessities. (Bequele& Boyden, 1988)The Muro-Ami fishing industry was established by the Abines family, who have multiple economic linkages with the communities. Through their fishing operation they provide employment for the people with a total of 20,000 dependents in the barangays. They also own and run buses and ferries, farm over 200 hectares of land, planted mostly with coconut palms, and a bank in both villages and distributes rice and corn for the National Food Authority. (p. 111). The Muro-Ami fishing technique was introduced by the Japanese.
It is believed to have the highest average annual production per vessel in commercial fishing in the decade from 1965 to 1975. In the 1980’s Abines family had a partnerhip with Frabal a partnership that requires the Frabal group to provide the operation of the principal fishing vessel and the carriers. Health is the one of the major problems of child labour. When exposed to environments that are not appropriate to them such as working in construction and other related Jobs that may harm or affect their overall health condition. One of the most important event in life is puberty, or sexual maturity.
When exposed to extreme ork, it may alter the genetic makeup of some very young individuals and may lead to mutation and abnormality or disorders like schizophrenia, an psychotic disorder that is very dangerous and children over the age of five can develop schizophrenia, but it Is very rare DeTore adolescence. I ne Innuence 0T envlronmenta I varlaDles on physical growth was reviewed with the particular attention given to nutritional deficits, illness, emotional stress, and socioeconomic status. Each child has a genetically predetermined pattern of growth that will be followed if no adverse situation are encountered.
However, ven severe malnutrition and illness may be overcome by the growth process as we see children return to their normal rates of growth (canalization) after adverse conditions have been cleared up. Indeed, child labour is still one of the major problems faced today by our nation. Although the government has made some policies regarding this issue, child labour is still prominent in many parts of the country, especially those in far-flung areas. What the government should also do is to maximize their livelihood programs for the less fortunate people so that the children will no longer have to work Just to earn money.
Let us not lose hope. There is no permanent in this world. The only thing that is permanent is change. Knowledge to child labour makes us aware of what it is. Notes Bequele, A. & Boyden,J. (1988). Combating Child Labour. Geneva, Switzerland. Mussen, P. H. , etal. (1984). Child Development And Personality. 10 East 53d Street, New York, NY: Harper & Row, Publishers, Inc. Budd, J. W. (2005). Labor Relations: Striking a Balance. 1221 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY, 10020: McGraw-Hill/lrwin, a business unit of the McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. Moshman, D. ,etal. (1987). Developmental Psychology. Little, Brown & Company (Canada) Limited.