1. 1. List your culture? Answer Shona culture 1. 2 List the other person’s culture Answer Xhosa culture 1. 3 Distinguish according to Hofstede , any four differences between your culture and that other person’s culture and provide an example for each dimension? Answer. Individualism vs collectivism. The xhosa people have tightly knitted social frame networks, their primary concern is the entire group compared to a single person.
Members depend strongly on extended family groups and group decisions are valued and accepted for example if a person does not have money or food they can depend on extended family to help them in their time of need. In the shona culture people are more individualistic. They have loose social networks and their primary concern is themselves and their families. People are responsible for making their own decisions. For example in Zimbabwe during the period when basic commodities were scarce people would fight to get basic things like sugar and fuel for themselves and their families thus excluding extended family.
High power distance. In the shone culture there is high tolerance for unequal distribution of power. People with a lot of power view themselves as different from those with low power and vice versa. In the xhosa culture the is little tolerance of unequal distribution of power. They believe that unequal distribution of power should be minimised. For example in the shone culture people just assume that those with high powers have earned their power, thus making it acceptable in their society while the xhosa people’s view is that we are all the same so power should be distributed equally. Uncertainty avoidance.
The shona people are more tolerant of ambiguity and uncertainty that means they have low uncertainty avoidance. The xhosa people have high uncertainty avoidance meaning they have low tolerance for ambiguity and uncertainty. The xhosa people want to be aware of something before it happens while the shone have the attitude of “whatever happens happens”. Feminity vs masculinity. The Xhosa people exercise feminity. They are more concerned about the welfare of other people and relationships are important while the shona people are more masculine that is possessions are important, achievement is admired and performance is what counts. . 4 In your opinion why do you think being culturally unaware may have a negative consequence for organisations? Being culturally unaware would have negative consequences because if you are culturally unaware you don’t know how to treat different people in your organisation and this could result in people in the organisation feeling out of place, this lead to a demotivated employee and this will have a negative impact on their work in the form of lower production for example. 1. Using the Big Five personality model, how would you describe Sir Richard Benson’s personality?
Give reasons for your answer from the casestudy. Answer: Sir Richard Benson is an extravert. An extravert is a person who is gregarious, assertive and sociable as opposed to being reserved, timid and quiet. Sir Richard Benson is not timid because he is someone who is able to speak his mind as stated in the case that he is someone who would poke fun at the big guys and he says exactly what he wants, also showing that he is not a quiet and reserved in character. He can be described as an agreeable person.
This is a person who is cooperative, warm and agreeable rather than cold, disagreeable and antagonistic. This means that he tends to rate to others more leniently. A person who is cooperative is someone who is able to work with other people to achieve a goals , a person who works well with other people also puts into consideration the different needs that people he works with have. Sir Benson does this by giving other opportunities to develop their own ideas into business ventures he backs; this also makes him someone warm.
Sir Richard Benson is a conscientious person meaning that he is hardworking, organised and dependable as opposed to being lazy, disorganised and unreliable. His hard work is shown by his success thus far, it can also be shown by the success of the entrepreneurs who have made it through him. He is organised because he can delegate work and tasks to his team successfully or because he is someone who can get work done through other people. We can also term him a dependable person because of his success.
He is an emotional stable person meaning that he is self confident, calm and cool as opposed to being insecure, anxious and depressed. His self confidence made him a success today if he was a person who was not self confident, after him being called lazy and stupid he would have dwelt on that and never have realised his full potential. He also self confident because he is someone who is able to implement his ideas, to bring to life his imagination and doing so successfully. Sir Richard Benson is also open to experience.
This means he is creative, curious and cultured rather than practical with narrow interests. He has broad interests this is proved by his veritable entrepreneurial empire. He is creative evident from his works thus far that are diverse and some if not all that no-one had thought of. He is curious because he is willing to try new things. 2. 2 How would you classify Sir Richard Benson on the following personality attributes? Give reasons for your answer from the case study. a. Locus of control?
Answer This is an individual’s generalised belief about (self control) versus external control (control by the situation or by others). People who believe they control what happens to them are said to have an internal locus of control, whereas people who believe that circumstances or other people control their fate have an external locus of control. Sir Richard Benson has an internal locus of control which means that he believe that he controls what happens to him. If Sir Benson had an external locus of control which implies that circumstances and other people control his fate he would not be what he is today.
When he was growing up circumstances were that he was lazy, stupid, and dyslexic which made him unable to read , write and spell and he had a poor performance in tests and a poor vision as a result people and society labelled him a failure. Sir Benson did not allow this to determine his future and life; he understood that to be a success it all rested in his hands not circumstances or people. b. Self- efficacy Answer This is a person’s overall view of himself as being able to perform effectively in a wide variety of situations.
Sir Richard Benson has a high self efficacy, which means that he has a lot of confidence in his ability. This is shown by his first step to write a student magazine which grew to what he is today. If he didn’t believe in his abilities especially after being called stupid and lazy he wouldn’t have had the courage write the student magazine. He also views himself as being able to perform effectively in a wide variety of situations this is shown by his implementation of different ideas effectively and successfully. 4. 1 Answer E 4. 2 Answer E 5.
Explain the ABC model of an attitude by using examples from your own life? Answer. | Component| Measured by| example| A| Affect| Physiological indicatorsVerbal statements about feelings| l love sport| B| Behavioural intentions| Observed behaviour verbal statements about intention| If l was asked to play sport for the university l would gladly do so though it takes up my time| C| Cognition| Attitude scales verbal statements about beliefs| I believe l perform better in my sport due to more practice| The ABC model has 3 components namely affect, behavioural intentions and cognition.
Affect is emotional component of an attitude. It refers to an individual’s feelings about someone or something. The second component is the intention to behave in a certain way towards an object or person. The third component of an attitude, cognition (thought), reflects a person’s perception and beliefs. 6. 1 Differentiate between ethics and ethical behaviour? Answer. Ethics is the study of moral values and moral behaviour and ethical behaviour is acting in ways consistent with one’s personal values and commonly held values of the organisation and society. . 2 Establish a code of ethics for behaviour for your class. This code of ethics may focus on student actions or/and facilitators actions. A minimum of 4 actions must be included 6. 3,1 Identify the ethical dilemma from the article? Answer The ethical dilemma from the article is whether cloning is an ethical thing to do and whether it should be allowed or not allowed 6. 3. 2 In what way was the dilemma dealt with from an organisational/employee’s perspective? (if this is not present in your article, discuss the impact of the dilemma.