Combing forms, suffixes, prefixes, & terms

Term Definition
aden/o gland
arthr/o joint
bi/o life
carcin/o cancer
cardi/o heart
cephal/o head
cerebr/o cerebrum, largest part of the brain
cis/o to cut
crin/o to secrete
cyst/o urinary bladder; a sac or a cyst
cyt/o cell
derm/o skin
dermat/o skin
electr/o electricity
encephal/o brain
enter/o intestines; usually small intestines
erythr/o red
gastr/o stomach
glyc/o sugar
gnos/o knowledge
gynec/o woman, female
hemat/o blood
hem/o blood
hepat/o liver
iatr/o physician, treatment
leuk/o white
log/o study of
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
onc/o tumor
ophthalm/o eye
oste/o bone
path/o disease
ped/o child; foot
psych/o mind
radi/o x-ray
ren/o kidney
rhin/o nose
sacr/o flesh, muscle
sect/o to cut
thromb/o clot, clotting
ur/o urine, urinary tract
-ac pertaining to
-al pertaining to
-algia pain
-cyte cell
-ectomy to cut out, remove, excision, resection
-emia blood condition
-genic pertaining to producing
produced by
produced in
-globin protein
-gram record
-ic, -ical pertaining to
-ion process
-ist specialist, MD
-itis inflammation
-logy process of study
-oma tumor, mass, swelling
-opsy process of viewing
-osis abnormal condition
-pathy disease condition
-scope instrument to visually examine
-scopy process of visually examining
-sis condition
-tomy to cut, incision
-y process, condition
a-, an- no, not, without
aut-, auto- self, own
dia- complete, through
endo- within
epi- above, upon
ex-, exo- outside of, out, outward
hyper- above normal, excessive, more than normal
hypo- less then normal, deficient, below, under
in- into, in
peri- surrounding, around
pro- before, forward
re- back, backward, again
retro- behind
sub- below, under
trans- across, through
adenitis inflammation of a gland
adenoma tumor of a gland
adenopathy disease of a gland
anemia lack of RBCs or hemoglobin
arthralgia pain in a joint
arthritis inflammation of a joint
autopsy to examine a dead body
biology study of life
biopsy to examine cells or tissue under a microsope
carcinogenic producing cancer
carcinoma cancerous tumor
cardiac heart
cardiology study of the heart
cephalic head
cerebral cerebrum
cystitis inflammation of the urinary bladder
cystoscopy visually examining the urinary bladder
cytology study of cells
dermatitis inflammation of the skin
dermatology study of the skin
diagnosis state of complete knowledge
electrocardiogram record of the heart's electricity
electroencephalogram record of the brain's electricity
endocrine glands hormonal glands, glands that secrete into the body
endocrinologist specialist in the study of hormones
endocrinology study of hormones
endoscope instrument used to view inside the body
endoscopy process of looking inside the body
enteritis inflammation of the small intestines
enteropathy disease condition of the intestines
epidermis outer layer of skin
epigastric area above the stomach
erythrocyte red blood cell
excision to cut out, remove, resection
exocrine glands glands that secrete to the outside of the body (oil, sweat)
gastrectomy to cut out part or all of the stomach
gastric stomach
gastroenterology study of the intestines and stomach
gastrotomy to cut into the stomach
gynecologist specialist in the study and treatment of women
gynecology study of women
hematology study of blood
hematoma mass or collection of blood
hemoglobin blood protein
hepatitis inflammation of the liver
hyperglycemia excess sugar in the blood
hyperthyroidism condition of excessive thyroid hormone
hypodermic under the skin
hypogastric below the stomach
hypoglycemia condition of low blood sugar
iatrogenic produced by the treatment or physician
incision process of cut into
leukemia cancerous WBC condition
leukocyte white blood cell
leukocytosis abnormal white blood cell condition
nephrectomy to cut out or remove a kidney
nephritis inflammation of the kidney
neural nerves
neuralgia pain in the nerves
neurologic study of the nerves
neurology process of studying the nerves
oncologist specialist in the study and treatment of cancer
oncology study of cancer
ophthalmologist specialist in the study and treatment of the eyes
ophthalmoscope instrument to examine the eyes
osteitis inflammation of the bones
osteoarthritis inflammation of the bones and joints
osteotomy to cut into bone
pathogenic produced by a disease
pathologist person (Medical Examiner) that does autopsies and biopsies
patholgy study of disease
pediatric child's doctor
pericardium structure surrounding the heart
prognosis guess about the outcome of a person's condition
prostate gland hormonal gland in males in front of the urinary bladder
psychiatrist specialist in the study and treatment of the mind
psychology study of the mind
radiology study of x-rays
renal kidney
resection process of cutting out, removing
retrocardiac behind the heart
rhinitis inflammation of the nose
sarcoma malignant tumor
subhepatic below the liver
thrombocyte clotting cell; platelet
transhepatic through the liver
urology study of the urinary tract

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