Combining Forms, Suffixes & prefixes

Term Definition
-ectasis, -ectasia dilation, (dilatation), widening
-emesis vomiting
-pepsia digestion
-phagia eating, swallowing
-plasty surgical repair
-ptysis spitting
-rrhage, -rrhagia bursting forth (of blood)
-rrhaphy suture
-rrhea flow, discharge
-spasm involuntary contraction of muscles
-stasis stopping,controlling
-stenosis narrowing, tightening
-tresia opening
bucc/o cheek
cec/o cecum (first part of the colon)
celi/o belly; abdomen
cheil/o lip
chol/e bile; gall
cholangi/o bile vessel
cholecyst/o gallbladder
choledoch/o common bile duct
col/o colon
colon/o colon (large intestine)
dent/i tooth; teeth
duoden/o duodenum
enter/o intestines (usually small intestine)
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
gingiv/o gum
gloss/o tongue
gluc/o glucose; sugar
glyc/o glucose; sugar
hepat/o liver
herni/o hernia
ile/o ileum
jejun/o jejunum
labi/o lip
lingu/o tongue
lip/o fat (a type of lipid)
lith/o stone; calculus
odont/o tooth
or/o mouth
palat/o palate (roof of the mouth)
pancreat/o pancreas
proct/o anus and rectum
pylor/o pylorus; pyloric sphincter
rect/o rectum
sialaden/o salivary gland
splen/o spleen
steat/o fat; sebum
stomat/o mouth
alk phos alkaline phosphatase
ALT, AST alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase- enzymes measured to evaluate liver function
BE barium enema
BM bowel movement
BRBPR bright red blood per rectum- hematochezia (Latin per means through)
CD celiac disease
CT Computed tomography
EGD esophagogastroduodenoscopy
ERCP endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
EUS endoscopic ultrasonography
FOBT fecal occult blood test
G tube gastrostomy tube; also called stomach tube and PEG tube- used to introduce nutrients into the stomach after insertion through the abdominal wall with laparoscopic instruments
GB gallbladder
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease
GI gastrointestinal
HBV hepatitis B virus
IBD inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis)
LAC laparoscopic- assisted colectomy
LFTs liver function tests- alk phos, bilirubin, AST, ALT
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
NG tube nasogastric tube
NPO nothing by mouth (latin nil per os)
PEG tube percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube- feeding tube
PEJ tube percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy tube- feeding tube
PTHC percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography
PUD peptic ulcer disease
TPN total parenteral nutrition
T tube tube placed in the bile duct for drainage into a small pouch (bile bag) on the outside of the body

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